Reasoning Aptitude Questions

Q.- Look at this series: 36 34 30 28 24 ? What number should come next?

    1. 1. 20
    2. 2. 22
    3. 3. 23
    4. 4. 26

2
This is an alternating number subtraction series. First 2 is subtracted then 4 then 2 and so on.

Q.- Look at this series: 21 9 21 11 21 13 21 ... What number should come next?

    1. 1. 14
    2. 2. 15
    3. 3. 21
    4. 4. 23

2
In this alternating repetition series the random number 21 is interpolated every other number into an otherwise simple addition series that increases by 2 beginning with the number 9.

Q.- Look at this series: 3 4 7 8 11 12 ... What number should come next?

    1. 1. 7
    2. 2. 10
    3. 3. 14
    4. 4. 15

4
This alternating addition series begins with 3; then 1 is added to give 4; then 3 is added to give 7; then 1 is added and so on.

Q.- Look at this series: 8 22 8 28 8 ? What number should come next?

    1. 1. 9
    2. 2. 29
    3. 3. 32
    4. 4. 34

4
This is a simple addition series with a random number 8 interpolated as every other number. In the series 6 is added to each number except 8 to arrive at the next number.

Q.- Look at this series: 31 29 24 22 17 ... What number should come next?

    1. 1. 15
    2. 2. 14
    3. 3. 13
    4. 4. 12

1
This is a simple alternating subtraction series which subtracts 2 then 5.

Q.- Look at this series: 201 202 204 207 ... What number should come next?

    1. 1. 205
    2. 2. 208
    3. 3. 210
    4. 4. 211

4
In this addition series 1 is added to the first number; 2 is added to the second number; 3 is added to the third number; 4 is added to the fourth number; and go on.

Q.- Look at this series: 544 509 474 439 ... What number should come next?

    1. 1. 404
    2. 2. 414
    3. 3. 420
    4. 4. 445

1
This is a simple subtraction series. Each number is 35 less than the previous number.

Q.- Look at this series: 80 10 70 15 60 ... What number should come next?

    1. 1. 20
    2. 2. 25
    3. 3. 30
    4. 4. 50

1
This is an alternating addition and subtraction series. In the first pattern 10 is subtracted from each number to arrive at the next. In the second 5 is added to each number to arrive at the next.

Q.- Look at this series: 5.2 4.8 4.4 4 ... What number should come next?

    1. 1. 3
    2. 2. 3.3
    3. 3. 3.5
    4. 4. 3.6

4
In this simple subtraction series each number decreases by 0.4.

Q.- Look at this series: 8 6 9 23 87 ... What number should come next?

    1. 1. 128
    2. 2. 226
    3. 3. 324
    4. 4. 429

4
8 x 1 - 2 = 6; 6 x 2 - 3 = 9; 9 x 3 - 4 = 23; 23 x 4 - 5 = 87; 87 x 5 - 6 = 429

Q.- What is the next number in this Sequence ? 6 14 36 98 276 ?

    1. 1. 794
    2. 2. 729
    3. 3. 749
    4. 4. 947

1
The nth term in the series is given by the sum of x^n for x in the range 1 to 3 i.e. 1^n + 2^n + 3^n. Thus the first term is 1^1 + 2^1 + 3^1 = 1 + 2 + 3 = 6 the second term is 1^2 + 2^2 + 3^2 =1 + 4 + 9 = 14 And so on. The sixth term is then 1^6 + 2^6 + 3^6 = 1 + 64 + 729 = 794.

Q.- Replace the ? with the appropriate number 1 4 5 6 7 9 11 ?

    1. 1. 13
    2. 2. 100
    3. 3. 19
    4. 4. 23

2
List of consecutive numbers that does not contain a 'T' in the spelling

Q.- What is the next number in this sequence ? 412843612 ?

    1. 1. 64882
    2. 2. 65268
    3. 3. 62568
    4. 4. 6526884

4
To get from 4 to 12 you use the following formula. 12 = (4 squared)/2 + 4. Continue on with (X^2)/2 + X.

Q.- What are the next three numbers in this series? 4 6 12 18 30 42 60 72 102 108 ? ? ?

    1. 1. 130158180
    2. 2. 130150188
    3. 3. 138150180
    4. 4. 138158188

3
The series lists numbers that are flanked by two prime numbers. 4 (3 and 5 are prime) 6 (5 and 7 are prime) 12 (11 and 13 are prime) 18 (17 and 19 are prime) 30 (29 and 31 are prime) 42 (41 and 43 are prime) 60 (59 and 61 are prime) 72 (71 and 73 are prime) 102 (101 and 103 are prime) 108 (107 and 109 are prime) thus 138 (137 and 139 are prime) 150 (149 and 151 are prime) 180 (179 and 181 are prime)

Q.- What is the next number in the sequence. 15 29 56 108 208 ?

    1. 1. 308
    2. 2. 400
    3. 3. 408
    4. 4. 356

2
Begins with 15 2*15-1 => 29 2*29-2 => 56 2*56-4 => 108 2*108-8 => 208 2*208-16 => 400

Q.- Find next number in the series 23 21 24 19 26 15 28 11 30 7 36 ?

    1. 1. 5
    2. 2. 6
    3. 3. 7
    4. 4. 8

1
23-2=21 21+3=24 24-5=19 19+7=26 26-11=15 15+13=28 28-17=11 11+19=30 30-23=7 7+29=36 36-31=5 (235711131719232931374143... are Prime Numbers)

Q.- Can you find the next letter in the series ? S - T - I - L - N - T - F - Y - ?

    1. 1. A
    2. 2. C
    3. 3. T
    4. 4. R

2
These are letter of the question asked in reverse order.

Q.- Can you find the last number in the below sequence.3 7 10 11 12 17 ?

    1. 1. 50
    2. 2. 30
    3. 3. 40
    4. 4. 20

4
20(Twenty) : when you write them these are only numbers having vowel 'E'

Q.- What number would replace the question mark in this quite difficult number sequence ?21 32 54 87 131 ?

    1. 1. 168
    2. 2. 186
    3. 3. 618
    4. 4. 681

2
21+11*1 => 32 32+11*2 => 54 54+11*3 => 87 87+11*4 => 131 131+11*5 => 186

Q.- Which number comes next in the series 5 12 24 36 ?

    1. 1. 36
    2. 2. 42
    3. 3. 32
    4. 4. 52

4
sum of consecutive prime numbers (2+3 5+7 11+13 17+19 23+29)

Q.- Look at this series: U32 V29 __ X23 Y20 ... What number should fill the blank?

    1. 1. W26
    2. 2. W17
    3. 3. Z17
    4. 4. Z26

1
In this series the letters progress by 1; the numbers decrease by 3.

Q.- Look at this series: XXIV XX __ XII VIII ... What number should fill the blank?

    1. 1. XXII
    2. 2. XIII
    3. 3. XVI
    4. 4. IV

3
This is a simple subtraction series; each number is 4 less than the previous number.

Q.- Look at this series: J14 L16 __ P20 R22 ... What number should fill the blank?

    1. 1. S24
    2. 2. N18
    3. 3. N10
    4. 4. S20

2
In this series the letters progress by 2 and the numbers increase by 2.

Q.- Look at this series: 72 76 73 77 74 __ 75 ... What number should fill the blank?

    1. 1. 76
    2. 2. 74
    3. 3. 87
    4. 4. 78

4
This series alternates the addition of 4 with the subtraction of 3.

Q.- Look at this series: 15 __ 27 27 39 39 ... What number should fill the blank?

    1. 1. 15
    2. 2. 51
    3. 3. 18
    4. 4. 16

1
In this simple addition with repetition series each number in the series repeats itself and then increases by 12 to arrive at the next number.

Q.- Look at this series: 8 43 11 41 __ 39 17 ... What number should fill in the blank?

    1. 1. 14
    2. 2. 41
    3. 3. 24
    4. 4. 42

1
This is a simple alternating addition and subtraction series. The first series begins with 8 and adds 3; the second begins with 43 and subtracts 2.

Q.- Look at this series: V VIII XI XIV __ XX ... What number should fill the blank?

    1. 1. IX
    2. 2. XXIII
    3. 3. XV
    4. 4. XVII

4
This is a simple addition series; each number is 3 more than the previous number.

Q.- Look at this series: F2 __ D8 C16 B32 ... What number should fill the blank?

    1. 1. E6
    2. 2. C4
    3. 3. E4
    4. 4. E9

3
The letters decrease by 1; the numbers are multiplied by 2.

Q.- 11 14 14 17 17 20 20 ? ?

    1. 1. 23 23
    2. 2. 23 26
    3. 3. 21 24
    4. 4. 24 24

1
This is a simple addition series with repetition. It adds 3 to each number to arrive at the next which is repeated before 3 is added again.

Q.- 32 31 32 29 32 27 32 ? ?

    1. 1. 31 32
    2. 2. 29 32
    3. 3. 29 30
    4. 4. 25 32

4
This is an alternating repetition series. The number 32 alternates with a series in which each number decreases by 2.

Q.- Number Series - Logical Reasoning 5 12 17 29 46 75 121 __

    1. 1. 185
    2. 2. 196
    3. 3. 192
    4. 4. 188

2
The given series is a Fibonacci series. Every number from third number is the some of previous two numbers i.e. 17 = 5 + 12; 29 = 17 + 12 and so on. The next term in the series is 75 + 121 = 196

Q.- 10 200 3000 40000 ?

    1. 1. 500000
    2. 2. 400000
    3. 3. 50000
    4. 4. 6000000

1
10 200 3000 40000 __ The given series is based on digit logic the first digits in all the numbers are consecutive natural numbers followed by as many number of zero as the value of the first digit by as many number. Hence the next number in the series is 500000.

Q.- 7 66 555 __ 33333 222222

    1. 1. 444
    2. 2. 44444
    3. 3. 444444
    4. 4. 4444

4
7 66 555 __ 33333 222222 The number of digits in the numbers is in increasing order while the numeric value of the digit is in decreasing order. Hence the missing number in the series is 4444.

Q.- 29 29 27 23 25 19 23 17 __ __

    1. 1. 19 13
    2. 2. 19 15
    3. 3. 21 13
    4. 4. 19 13

3
29 29 27 23 25 19 23 17 __ __ The given series is an alternate series. The numbers in the alternate positions starting with 29 in the first position form a series of consecutive odd numbers in decreasing order. i.e. 29 27 25 23 21. The remaining numbers form a series of prime numbers in decreasing order starting with 29 i.e 29 23 19 17 13. Hence the next two numbers in the series are 21 and 13 respectively.

Q.- 5 12 13 7 14 17 9 16 19 11 18 23 __ __ __

    1. 1. 25 27 25
    2. 2. 20 25 27
    3. 3. 17 23 29
    4. 4. 13 20 29

4
5 12 13 7 14 17 9 16 19 11 18 23 __ __ __ The given series is a mixture of three different series. Every third number starting with 5 form a series of consecutive odd numbers in increasing order. Every third number starting with 12 form a series of consecutive earn numbers. Similarly every third number starting with 13 form a series of consecutive prime numbers. 5 7 9 11 13(odd number series) 12 14 16 18 20 (even number series) 13 17 19 23 29 (prime number series) Hence the next numbers in the series are 13 20 and 29.

Q.- 5 5 10 30 120 600 __

    1. 1. 4200
    2. 2. 1800
    3. 3. 2400
    4. 4. 3600

4
5*1 5*2 10*3 30*4 120*5 600 __ The next number in the series is 600 * 6 = 3600.

Q.- 8 16 48 96 288 576 __

    1. 1. 1152
    2. 2. 2880
    3. 3. 1052
    4. 4. 1728

4
8*2 16*3 48*2 96*3 288*2 576 __ The numbers in the series are alternately being multiplied by two and three. Hence the next number in the series in 576 * 3 = 1728.

Q.- 12 6 6 9 18 45 __

    1. 1. 135
    2. 2. 1475
    3. 3. 1075
    4. 4. 105

1
12*0.5 6*1 6*1.5 9*2 18*2.5 45*3 __. The next number in the series is 45 * 3 = 135.

Q.- 97 83 73 67 59 __

    1. 1. 53
    2. 2. 49
    3. 3. 47
    4. 4. 51

3
The given numbers are alternate prime numbers in decreasing order starting with 97. Hence the next number in the series is 47.

Q.- 225 224 __ 222 221

    1. 1. 220
    2. 2. 223
    3. 3. 219
    4. 4. 226

2
The given numbers are consecutive natural numbers in decreasing order starting with 225. Hence the missing number is 223.

Q.- Choose the word that is essential for : PAIN

    1. 1. cut
    2. 2. burn
    3. 3. nuisance
    4. 4. hurt

4
Pain is suffering or hurt so choice d is the essential element. Without hurt there is no pain. A cut (choice a) or a burn (choice b) may cause pain but so do many other types of injury. A nuisance (choice c) is an annoyance that may or may not cause pain.

Q.- Choose the word that is essential for : GALA

    1. 1. celebration
    2. 2. tuxedo
    3. 3. appetizer
    4. 4. orator

1
A gala indicates a celebration the necessary element here. A tuxedo (choice b) is not required garb at a gala nor is an appetizer (choice c). A gala may be held without the benefit of anyone speaking (choice d).

Q.- Choose the word that is essential for : MONOPOLY

    1. 1. corrupt
    2. 2. exclusive
    3. 3. rich
    4. 4. gigantic

2
The essential part of a monopoly is that it involves exclusive ownership or control.

Q.- Choose the word that is essential for : GUITAR

    1. 1. band
    2. 2. teacher
    3. 3. songs
    4. 4. strings

4
A guitar does not exist without strings so strings are an essential part of a guitar. A band is not necessary to a guitar (choice a). Guitar playing can be learned without a teacher (choice b). Songs are byproducts of a guitar (choice c).

Q.- Choose the word that is essential for : ELECTION

    1. 1. president
    2. 2. voter
    3. 3. november
    4. 4. nation

2
An election does not exist without voters. The election of a president (choice a) is a byproduct. Not all elections are held in November (choice c) nor are they nationwide (choice d).

Q.- Choose the word that is essential for : SWIMMING

    1. 1. pool
    2. 2. bathing suit
    3. 3. water
    4. 4. life jacket

3
Water is essential for swimming-without water there is no swimming. The other choices are things that may or may not be present.

Q.- Choose the word that is essential for : LIGHTNING

    1. 1. electricity
    2. 2. thunder
    3. 3. brightness
    4. 4. rain

1
Lightning is produced from a discharge of electricity so electricity is essential. Thunder and rain are not essential to the production of lightning (choices b and d). Brightness may be a byproduct of lightning but it is not essential (choice c).

Q.- Choose the word that is essential for : LANGUAGE

    1. 1. tongue
    2. 2. slang
    3. 3. writing
    4. 4. words

4
Words are a necessary part of language. Slang is not necessary to language (choice b). Not all languages are written (choice c). Not all languages are spoken (choice a).

Q.- Choose the word that is essential for : SCHOOL

    1. 1. student
    2. 2. report card
    3. 3. test
    4. 4. learning

1
Without students a school cannot exist; therefore students are the essential part of schools. The other choices may be related but they are not essential.

Q.- vibration

    1. 1. motion
    2. 2. electricity
    3. 3. science
    4. 4. sound

1
Something cannot vibrate without creating motion so motion is essential to vibration

Q.- town

    1. 1. residents
    2. 2. skyscrapers
    3. 3. parks
    4. 4. libraries

1
Residents must be present in order to have a town. A town may be too small to have skyscrapers (choice b). A town may or may not have parks (choice c) and libraries (choice d) so they are not the essential elements.

Q.- hurricane

    1. 1. beach
    2. 2. cyclone
    3. 3. damage
    4. 4. wind

4
A hurricane cannot exist without wind. A beach is not essential to a hurricane (choice a). A hurricane is a type of cyclone which rules out (choice b). Not all hurricanes cause damage (choice c).

Q.- directory

    1. 1. telephone
    2. 2. listing
    3. 3. computer
    4. 4. names

2
A directory is a listing of names or things so (choice b) is the essential element. A telephone (choice a) often has a directory associated with it but it is not essential. A computer (choice c) uses a directory format to list files but it is not required. Names (choice d) are often listed in a directory but many other things are listed in directories so this is not the essential element.

Q.- dome

    1. 1. rounded
    2. 2. geodesic
    3. 3. governmental
    4. 4. coppery

1
A dome is a large rounded roof or ceiling so being rounded is essential to a dome. A geodesic dome (choice b) is only one type of dome. Some but not all domes have copper roofs (choice d). Domes are often found on government buildings (choice c) but domes exist in many other places.

Q.- saddle

    1. 1. horse
    2. 2. seat
    3. 3. stirrups
    4. 4. horn

2
A saddle is something one uses to sit on an animal so it must have a seat (choice b). A saddle is often used on a horse (choice a) but it may be used on other animals. Stirrups (choice c) are often found on a saddle but may not be used. A horn (choice d) is found on Western saddles but not English saddles so it is not the essential element here.

Q.- glacier

    1. 1. mountain
    2. 2. winter
    3. 3. prehistory
    4. 4. ice

4
A glacier is a large mass of ice and cannot exist without it. A glacier can move down a mountain but it can also move across a valley or a plain which rules out choice a. Glaciers exist in all seasons which rules out choice b. There are many glaciers in the world today which rules out choice c.

Q.- cage

    1. 1. enclosure
    2. 2. prisoner
    3. 3. animal
    4. 4. zoo

1
A cage is meant to keep something surrounded so enclosure is the essential element. A prisoner (choice b) or an animal (choice c) are two things that may be kept in cages among many other things. A zoo (choice d) is only one place that has cages.

Q.- recipe

    1. 1. desserts
    2. 2. directions
    3. 3. cookbook
    4. 4. utensils

2
A recipe is a list of directions to make something. Recipes may be used to prepare desserts (choice a) among other things. One does not need a cookbook (choice c) to have a recipe and utensils (choice d) may or may not be used to make a recipe.

Q.- Essential Part of : cell

    1. 1. chlorophyll
    2. 2. nucleus
    3. 3. nucleusnerve
    4. 4. human

2
The essential part of a cell is its nucleus.Not all cells produce chlorophyll (choice 1). Not all cells are nerve cells (choice 3). All living things not just humans (choice 4) have cells.

Q.- ovation

    1. 1. outburst
    2. 2. bravo
    3. 3. applause
    4. 4. encore

3
An ovation is prolonged enthusiastic applause so applause is necessary to an ovation. An outburst (choice 1) may take place during an ovation; "bravo" (choice 2) may or may not be uttered; and an encore (choice 4) would take place after an ovation.

Q.- vertebrate

    1. 1. backbone
    2. 2. reptile
    3. 3. mammal
    4. 4. animal

1
All vertebrates have a backbone. Reptiles (choice 2) are vertebrates but so are many other animals. Mammals (choice 3) are vertebrates but so are birds and reptiles. All vertebrates (choice 4) are animals but not all animals are vertebrates.

Q.- infirmary

    1. 1. surgery
    2. 2. disease
    3. 3. patient
    4. 4. receptionist

3
An infirmary is a place that takes care of the infirm sick or injured.Without patients there is no infirmary. Surgery (choice 1) may not be required for patients. A disease (choice 2) is not necessary because the infirmary may only see patients with injuries. A receptionist (choice 4) would be helpful but not essential.

Q.- domicile

    1. 1. tenant
    2. 2. dwelling
    3. 3. kitchen
    4. 4. house

2
A domicile is a legal residence so dwelling is the essential component for this item. You do not need a tenant (choice 1) in the domicile nor do you need a kitchen (choice 3). A house (choice 4) is just one form of a domicile (which could also be a tent hogan van camper motor home apartment dormitory etc.).

Q.- gala

    1. 1. celebration
    2. 2. tuxedo
    3. 3. appetizer
    4. 4. orator

1
A gala indicates a celebration the necessary element here. A tuxedo (choice 2) is not required garb at a gala nor is an appetizer (choice 3). A gala may be held without the benefit of anyone speaking (choice 4).

Q.- desert

    1. 1. cactus
    2. 2. arid
    3. 3. oasis
    4. 4. flat

2
A desert is an arid tract of land. Not all deserts are flat (choice 4). Not all deserts have cacti or oases (choices 1 and 3).

Q.- respiration

    1. 1. mouth
    2. 2. circulation
    3. 3. oxygen
    4. 4. carbon monoxide

3
A person or animal must take in oxygen for respiration to occur. A mouth (choice 1) is not essential because breathing can occur through the nose. Choices 2 and 4 are clearly not essential and can be ruled out.

Q.- All the trees in the park are flowering trees. Some of the trees in the park are dogwoods. All dogwoods in the park are flowering trees. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

1
All of the trees in the park are flowering trees So all dogwoods�in the park�are flowering trees.

Q.- Mara runs faster than Gail. Lily runs faster than Mara. Gail runs faster than Lily. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

2
We know from the first two statements that Lily runs fastest. Therefore the third statement must be false.

Q.- Apartments in the Riverdale Manor cost less than apartments in The Gaslight Commons. Apartments in the Livingston Gate cost more than apartments in the The Gaslight Commons. Of the three apartment buildings the Livingston Gate costs the most. If the first

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

1
Since the Gaslight Commons costs more than the Riverdale Manor and the Livingston Gate costs more than the Gaslight Commons it is true that the Livingston Gate costs the most.

Q.- The Kingston Mall has more stores than the Galleria. The Four Corners Mall has fewer stores than the Galleria. The Kingston Mall has more stores than the Four Corners Mall. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

1
From the first two statements you know that the Kingston Mall has the most stores so the Kingston Mall would have more stores than the Four Corners Mall.

Q.- All the tulips in Zoe's garden are white. All the pansies in Zoe's garden are yellow. All the flowers in Zoe's garden are either white or yellow If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

3
The first two statements give information about Zoe's tulips and pansies. Information about any other kinds of flowers cannot be determined.

Q.- During the past year Josh saw more movies than Stephen. Stephen saw fewer movies than Darren. Darren saw more movies than Josh. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

3
Because the first two sentences are true both Josh and Darren saw more movies than Stephen. However it is uncertain as to whether Darren saw more movies than Josh.

Q.- Rover weighs less than Fido. Rover weighs more than Boomer. Of the three dogs Boomer weighs the least. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

1
According to the first two statements Fido weighs the most and Boomer weighs the least.

Q.- All the offices on the 9th floor have wall-to-wall carpeting. No wall-to-wall carpeting is pink. None of the offices on the 9th floor has pink wall-to-wall carpeting. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

1
If no wall-to-wall carpeting is pink and all the offices have wall-to-wall carpeting none of the offices has pink wall-to-wall carpeting.

Q.- Class A has a higher enrollment than Class B. Class C has a lower enrollment than Class B. Class A has a lower enrollment than Class C. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

2
From the first two statements we know that of the three classes Class A has the highest enrollment so the third statement must be false.

Q.- Blueberries cost more than strawberries. Blueberries cost less than raspberries. Raspberries cost more than strawberries and blueberries. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

1
Because the first two statements are true raspberries are the most expensive of the three.

Q.- Children are in pursuit of a dog whose leash has broken. James is directly behind the dog. Ruby is behind James. Rachel is behind Ruby. Max is ahead of the dog walking down the street in the opposite direction. As the children and dog pass Max turns aroun

    1. 1. James
    2. 2. Ruby
    3. 3. Rachel
    4. 4. Max

4
Something cannot vibrate without creating motion so motion is essential to vibration

Q.- Nurse Kemp has worked more night shifts in a row than Nurse Rogers who has worked five. Nurse Miller has worked fifteen night shifts in a row more than Nurses Kemp and Rogers combined. Nurse Calvin has worked eight night shifts in a row less than Nurse Ke

    1. 1. eight
    2. 2. nine
    3. 3. ten
    4. 4. eleven

2
Residents must be present in order to have a town. A town may be too small to have skyscrapers (choice b). A town may or may not have parks (choice c) and libraries (choice d) so they are not the essential elements.

Q.- At the baseball game Henry was sitting in seat 253. Marla was sitting to the right of Henry in seat 254. In the seat to the left of Henry was George. Inez was sitting to the left of George. Which seat is Inez sitting in?

    1. 1. 251
    2. 2. 253
    3. 3. 255
    4. 4. 256

1
A hurricane cannot exist without wind. A beach is not essential to a hurricane (choice a). A hurricane is a type of cyclone which rules out (choice b). Not all hurricanes cause damage (choice c).

Q.- Four friends in the sixth grade were sharing a pizza. They decided that the oldest friend would get the extra piece. Randy is two months older than Greg who is three months younger than Ned. Kent is one month older than Greg. Who should get the extra piec

    1. 1. Randy
    2. 2. Greg
    3. 3. Ned
    4. 4. Kent

3
A directory is a listing of names or things so (choice b) is the essential element. A telephone (choice a) often has a directory associated with it but it is not essential. A computer (choice c) uses a directory format to list files but it is not required. Names (choice d) are often listed in a directory but many other things are listed in directories so this is not the essential element.

Q.- The high school math department needs to appoint a new chairperson which will be based on seniority. Ms. West has less seniority than Mr. Temple but more than Ms. Brody. Mr. Rhodes has more seniority than Ms. West but less than Mr. Temple. Mr. Temple does

    1. 1. Mr. Rhodes
    2. 2. Mr. Temple
    3. 3. Ms.West
    4. 4. Ms. Brody

1
A dome is a large rounded roof or ceiling so being rounded is essential to a dome. A geodesic dome (choice b) is only one type of dome. Some but not all domes have copper roofs (choice d). Domes are often found on government buildings (choice c) but domes exist in many other places.

Q.- Danielle has been visiting friends in Ridge-wood for the past two weeks. She is leaving tomorrow morning and her flight is very early. Most of her friends live fairly close to the airport. Madison lives ten miles away. Frances lives five miles away Samant

    1. 1. nine miles
    2. 2. seven miles
    3. 3. eight miles
    4. 4. six miles

4
Without a first-place win there is no champion so winning is essential. There may be champions in running swimming or speaking but there are also champions in many other areas.

Q.- Fact 1:Islands are surrounded by water. Fact 2:Maui is an island. Fact 3:Maui was formed by a volcano. If the first three statements are facts which of the following statements must also be a fact? I:Maui is surrounded by water. II:All islands are formed

    1. 1. I only
    2. 2. II only
    3. 3. II and III only
    4. 4. None

1
A saddle is something one uses to sit on an animal so it must have a seat (choice b). A saddle is often used on a horse (choice a) but it may be used on other animals. Stirrups (choice c) are often found on a saddle but may not be used. A horn (choice d) is found on Western saddles but not English saddles so it is not the essential element here.

Q.- Three pencils cost the same as two erasers. Four erasers cost the same as one ruler. Pencils are more expensive than rulers. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

2
A glacier is a large mass of ice and cannot exist without it. A glacier can move down a mountain but it can also move across a valley or a plain which rules out choice a. Glaciers exist in all seasons which rules out choice b. There are many glaciers in the world today which rules out choice c.

Q.- A toothpick is useful. Useful things are valuable. A toothpick is valuable. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

1
A cage is meant to keep something surrounded so enclosure is the essential element. A prisoner (choice b) or an animal (choice c) are two things that may be kept in cages among many other things. A zoo (choice d) is only one place that has cages.

Q.- Cloudy days tend to be more windy than sunny days. Foggy days tend to be less windy than cloudy days. Sunny days tend to be less windy than foggy days. If the first two statements are true the third statement is

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

3
A recipe is a list of directions to make something. Recipes may be used to prepare desserts (choice a) among other things. One does not need a cookbook (choice c) to have a recipe and utensils (choice d) may or may not be used to make a recipe.

Q.- At the baseball game Henry was sitting in seat 253. Marla was sitting to the right of Henry in seat 254. In the seat to the left of Henry was George. Inez was sitting to the left of George. Which seat is Inez sitting in?

    1. 1. 251
    2. 2. 254
    3. 3. 255
    4. 4. 256

1
The essential part of a cell is its nucleus.Not all cells produce chlorophyll (choice 1). Not all cells are nerve cells (choice 3). All living things not just humans (choice 4) have cells.

Q.- Four people witnessed a mugging. Each gave a different description of the mugger. Which description is probably right?

    1. 1. He was average height thin and middle-aged.
    2. 2. He was tall thin and middle-aged.
    3. 3. He was tall thin and young.
    4. 4. He was tall of average weight and middle-aged.

2
A saddle is something one uses to sit on an animal so it must have a seat (choice 2). A saddle is often used on a horse (choice 1) but it may be used on other animals. Stirrups (choice 3) are often found on a saddle but may not be used. A horn (choice 4) is found on Western saddles but not English saddles so it is not the essential element here.

Q.- Four defensive football players are chasing the opposing wide receiver who has the ball. Calvin is directly behind the ball carrier. Jenkins and Burton are side by side behind Calvin. Zeller is behind Jenkins and Burton. Calvin tries for the tackle but mi

    1. 1. Burton
    2. 2. Zeller
    3. 3. Jenkins
    4. 4. Calvin

3
A dome is a large rounded roof or ceiling so being rounded is essential to a dome. A geodesic dome (choice 2) is only one type of dome. Some but not all domes have copper roofs (choice 4). Domes are often found on government buildings (choice 3) but domes exist in many other places.

Q.- Danielle has been visiting friends in Ridgewood for the past two weeks. She is leaving tomorrow morning and her flight is very early. Most of her friends live fairly close to the airport. Madison lives ten miles away. Frances lives five miles away Samanth

    1. 1. nine miles
    2. 2. seven miles
    3. 3. eight miles
    4. 4. six miles

4
An ovation is prolonged enthusiastic applause so applause is necessary to an ovation. An outburst (choice 1) may take place during an ovation; "bravo" (choice 2) may or may not be uttered; and an encore (choice 4) would take place after an ovation.

Q.- Four friends in the sixth grade were sharing a pizza. They decided that the oldest friend would get the extra piece. Randy is two months older than Greg who is three months younger than Ned. Kent is one month older than Greg. Who should get the extra piec

    1. 1. Randy
    2. 2. Greg
    3. 3. Ned
    4. 4. Kent

3
All vertebrates have a backbone. Reptiles (choice 2) are vertebrates but so are many other animals. Mammals (choice 3) are vertebrates but so are birds and reptiles. All vertebrates (choice 4) are animals but not all animals are vertebrates.

Q.- The high school math department needs to appoint a new chairperson which will be based on seniority. Ms. West has less seniority than Mr. Temple but more than Ms. Brody. Mr. Rhodes has more seniority than Ms. West but less than Mr. Temple. Mr. Temple does

    1. 1. Mr.Rhodes
    2. 2. Mr.Temple
    3. 3. Ms.West
    4. 4. Ms.Brody

1
An infirmary is a place that takes care of the infirm sick or injured.Without patients there is no infirmary. Surgery (choice 1) may not be required for patients. A disease (choice 2) is not necessary because the infirmary may only see patients with injuries. A receptionist (choice 4) would be helpful but not essential.

Q.- At a parking lot a sedan is parked to the right of a pickup and to the left of a sport utility vehicle. A minivan is parked to the left of the pickup. The minivan is parked between the pickup and the sedan. If the first two statements are true the third s

    1. 1. TRUE
    2. 2. FALSE
    3. 3. uncertain
    4. 4. none

2
A domicile is a legal residence so dwelling is the essential component for this item. You do not need a tenant (choice 1) in the domicile nor do you need a kitchen (choice 3). A house (choice 4) is just one form of a domicile (which could also be a tent hogan van camper motor home apartment dormitory etc.).

Q.- Fact 1: Mary said Ann and I both have cats. Fact 2: Ann said I don't have a cat. Fact 3: Mary always tells the truth but Ann sometimes lies. If the first three statements are facts which of the following statements must also be a fact? I. Ann has a cat

    1. 1. II only
    2. 2. I and II only
    3. 3. I II and III
    4. 4. None of the statements is a known fact.

3
A gala indicates a celebration the necessary element here. A tuxedo (choice 2) is not required garb at a gala nor is an appetizer (choice 3). A gala may be held without the benefit of anyone speaking (choice 4).

Q.- Fact 1: Eyeglass frames cost between35 and350. Fact 2: Some eyeglass frames are made of titanium. Fact 3: Some eyeglass frames are made of plastic. If the first three statements are facts which of the following statements must also be a fact? I. Titanium

    1. 1. II only
    2. 2. I and II only
    3. 3. II and III only
    4. 4. None

4
A desert is an arid tract of land. Not all deserts are flat (choice 4). Not all deserts have cacti or oases (choices 1 and 3).

Q.- As they prepare for the state championships one gymnast must be moved from the Level 2 team to the Level 1 team. The coaches will move the gymnast who has won the biggest prize and who has the most experience. In the last competition Roberta won a bronze

    1. 1. Roberta
    2. 2. Beth
    3. 3. Michele
    4. 4. Jamie

2
A person or animal must take in oxygen for respiration to occur. A mouth (choice 1) is not essential because breathing can occur through the nose. Choices 2 and 4 are clearly not essential and can be ruled out.

Q.- Statement: You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation. - A line in an appointment letter. Assumptions: I. The performance of an individual

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

4
The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual's worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So II is also implicit.

Q.- Statement: It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so. Assumptions: I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn. II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

1
Since the statement talks of putting the child in school at the age of 5 it means that the child is mentally prepared for the same at this age. So I is implicit. But nothing about admission after 6 years of age is mentioned in the statement. So II is not implicit.

Q.- Statement: In order to bring punctuality in our office we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees. - In charge of a company tells Personnel Manager. Assumptions: I. Conveyance allowance will not help in bringing punctuality. II. Discipline an

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

2
Assumption I goes against the statement. So it is not implicit. The allowance will serve as a reward to the employees and shall provoke them to come on time. So II is implicit.

Q.- Statement: Unemployment allowance should be given to all unemployed Indian youth above 18 years of age. Assumptions: I. There are unemployed youth in India who needs monetary support. II. The government has sufficient funds to provide allowance to all u

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

1
I directly follows from the statement and so is implicit. Also the statement is a suggestion and does not tell about a government policy or its position of funds. So II is not implicit.

Q.- Statement: If you trouble me I will slap you. - A mother warns her child. Assumptions: I. With the warning the child may stop troubling her. II. All children are basically naughty.

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

1
The mother warns her child with the expectation that he would stop troubling her. So I is implicit. The general nature of children cannot be derived from the statement. So II is not implicit.

Q.- Statement: The Government has decided to levy 2 percent on the tax amount payable for funding drought relief programmes. Assumptions: I. The Government does not have sufficient money to fund drought relief programmes. II. The amount collected by way of

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

4
Since a surcharge has been levied to fund drought relief programmes it follows that the Government does not have sufficient money for the same. So I is implicit. Besides the percentage of surcharge must have been decided after studying the expected inflow in relation to amount of funds required. So II is also implicit.

Q.- Statement: Detergents should be used to clean clothes. Assumptions: I. Detergents form more lather. II. Detergents help to dislodge grease and dirt.

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

2
Nothing is mentioned about lather formation by the detergent. So I is not implicit. Also detergents should be used as they clean clothes better and more easily. So II is implicit.

Q.- Statement: It will be a substantial achievement in the field of education if one provides one school for every village in our country and enforce attendance. Assumptions: I. Children in villages do not attend school regularly. II. Providing school to ev

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

4
The statement lays stress on enforcing attendance. This implies that children in villages do not attend school regularly. So I is implicit. Besides the statement calls 'one school for every village' a 'substantial achievement'. So II is also implicit.

Q.- Statement: The government has decided to disinvest large chunk of its equity in select public sector undertakings for a better fiscal management. Assumptions: I. The amount generated out of the disinvestment process may reduce substantially the mounting

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

1
The fact given in I directly follows from the phrase '..... for a better fiscal management' in the statement. So I is implicit. However the public response to the new policy cannot be ascertained. So II is not implicit.

Q.- Statement: Never before such a lucid book was available on the topic. Assumptions: I. Some other books were available on this topic. II. You can write lucid books on very few topics.

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

1
It follows from the statement that books on this topic were available before also but they were not 'lucid'. So I is implicit. But a general comment as II cannot be made from the given statement. So II is not implicit.

Q.- Statement: The X passenger car manufacturing company announced a sharp reduction in the prices of its luxury cars. Assumptions: There may be an increase in the sale of luxury cars of Company X. The other such car manufacturers may also reduce their prices

    1. 1. Only I is implicit
    2. 2. Only I and II are implicit
    3. 3. None is implicit
    4. 4. None of these

4
After all the switches were madeMax is directly behind the dog James is alongside the dog on the left Ruby is alongside the dog on the right and Rachel is behind Max.

Q.- Statement: To improve the employment situation in India there is a need to recast the present educational system towards implementation of scientific discoveries in daily life. Assumptions: The students after completing such education may be able to earn

    1. 1. None is implicit
    2. 2. Only I and II are implicit
    3. 3. Only III is implicit
    4. 4. Only I and III are implicit

2
Nurse Kemp has worked more shifts in a row than Nurse Calvin; therefore Kemp has worked more than eight shifts. The number of Kemp's shifts plus the number of Rogers's shifts (five) cannot equal fifteen or more the number of Miller's shifts. Therefore Kemp has worked nine shifts in a row (5 + 9 = 14).

Q.- Statement: Quality of life of a person is not dependent only on his wealth. Assumptions: The aim of most people is just to acquire more wealth. There are some factors other than wealth which contribute to the quality of life. Wealth does not contribute to

    1. 1. Only I is implicit
    2. 2. Only I and II are implicit
    3. 3. Only II is implicit
    4. 4. Only II and III are implicit

3
If George is sitting at Henry's left George's seat is 252. The next seat to the left then is 251.

Q.- Statement: As our business is expandingwe need to appoint more staffowner of a company informs his staff. Assumptions: The present staff is not competent. More staff will further expand the business. Suitable persons to be taken as staff will be available

    1. 1. None is implicit
    2. 2. Only I is implicit
    3. 3. Only II is implicit
    4. 4. Only III is implicit

4
If Randy is two months older than Greg then Ned is three months older than Greg and one month older than Randy. Kent is younger than both Randy and Ned. Ned is the oldest.

Q.- Statement: The national air carrier has decided to start a weekly air service from town A to town B. Assumptions: There will be enough passengers to make the operation economically viable. Other carriers may not start such service. The people staying arou

    1. 1. Only I is implicit
    2. 2. Only I and II are implicit
    3. 3. Only II and III are implicit
    4. 4. None of these

4
Mr. Temple has the most seniority but he does not want the job. Next in line is Mr. Rhodes who has more seniority than Ms. West or Ms. Brody.

Q.- Statement: Pramod decided to get the railway reservation in May for the journey he wants to make in July to Madras. Assumptions: The railways issues reservations two months in advance. There are more than one trains to Madras. There will be vacancy in the

    1. 1. Only I is implicit
    2. 2. Only II and III are implicit
    3. 3. Only I and III are implicit
    4. 4. All are implicit

1
Alexis is farther away than Frances who is five miles away and closer than Samantha who is seven miles away.

Q.- Statement: A rare opportunity to be a professional while you are at home. - An advertisement for computer literate housewives by a computer company. Assumptions: Some housewives simultaneously desire to become professional. Computer industry is growing at

    1. 1. Only I and II are implicit
    2. 2. Only II and III are implicit
    3. 3. Only I and III are implicit
    4. 4. Only II is implicit

3
Since Maui is an island and islands are surrounded by waterMaui must be surrounded by water. There is not enough information to support statements II and III.

Q.- Statement: Wanted a two bedroom flat in the court area for immediate possession. - An advertisement. Assumptions: Flats are available in court area. Some people will respond to the advertisement. It is a practice to give such an advertisement.

    1. 1. All are implicit
    2. 2. Only II is implicit
    3. 3. None is implicit
    4. 4. Only I and II are implicit

2
Rulers are the most expensive item.

Q.- Statement: The residents of the locality wrote a letter to the Corporation requesting to restore normalcy in the supply of drinking water immediately as the supply at present is just not adequate. Assumptions: The Corporation may not take any action on th

    1. 1. Only I and III are implicit
    2. 2. Only II is implicit
    3. 3. Only II and III are implicit
    4. 4. Only III is implicit

4
To the extent that a toothpick is useful it has value.

Q.- Statement: Let us increase the taxes to cover the deficit. Assumptions: The present taxes are very low. Deficit in a budget is not desirable. If the taxes are not increased the deficit cannot be met.

    1. 1. Only I and II are implicit
    2. 2. Only II and III are implicit
    3. 3. Only I and III are implicit
    4. 4. All are implicit

2
Cloudy days are the most windy but there is not enough information to compare the wind on the foggy days with the wind on the sunny days.

Q.- Statement: A visit of school children to forest to widen their knowledge of natural resources has been arranged. - A notice in the school. Assumptions: I. Forests are full of natural resources. II. Children are likely to learn from their interaction wit

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

4
If George is sitting at Henry's left George's seat is 252. The next seat to the left then is 251.

Q.- Statement: The Union Government has decided to withdraw existing tax relief on various small savings schemes in a phased manner to augment its tax collection Assumptions: I. People may still continue to keep money in small savings schemes and also pay t

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

4
Tall thin and middle-aged are the elements of the description repeated most often and are therefore the most likely to be accurate.

Q.- Statement: Though the candidates have been instructed to bring pencils yet provide some pencils with each invigilator. - An instruction to test administration staff. Assumptions: I. Pencils are in short supply. II. All the candidates will bring the penci

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Neither I nor II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

3
After all the switching was done Jenkins was directly behind the receiver. Calvin and Burton had fallen. Zeller remained in the rear.

Q.- Statement: It has become a necessity to computerize all the functions of our Institute to maintain the present position. - A statement of the Director of XYZ Institute. Assumptions: I. Unless computerized the Institute will fall behind the race. II. The

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

4
Alexis is farther away than Frances who is five miles away and closer than Samantha who is seven miles away.

Q.- Statement: Equality of income throughout a community is the essential condition for maximising the total utility which the total income available could confer on the members of that community. Assumptions: I. If extra income were taken from the rich and

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is implicit

1
If Randy is two months older than Greg then Ned is three months older than Greg and one month older than Randy. Kent is younger than both Randy and Ned. Ned is the oldest.

Q.- Statement: If the city bus which runs between Ram Nagar and Sant Colony is extended to Vasant Vihar it will be convenient. - Appeal of residents of Ram Nagar to the city bus company. Assumptions: I. The convenience of the city bus company is much more im

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is implicit

4
Mr. Temple has the most seniority but he does not want the job. Next in line is Mr. Rhodes who has more seniority than Ms. West or Ms. Brody.

Q.- Statement: In view of the violent situation due to students' agitation the state government has decided to close down all the educational institutions in the state for two weeks with immediate effect. Assumptions: I. The students' agitation may subside a

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

4
This is the order of the cars from left to right: minivan pickup sedan sport utility vehicle.

Q.- Statement: Two months ago it was announced that Central Government pensioners would get dearness relief with immediate effect but till date banks have not credited the arrears. - A statement from a Pensioners' Forum. Assumptions: I. Most of the banks nor

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is implicit

2
If Mary always tells the truth then both Ann and Mary have cats (statements I and II) and Ann is lying (statement III).

Q.- Statement: To keep myself up-to-date I always listen to 9.00 p.m. news on radio.- A candidate tells the interview board. Assumptions: I. the candidate does not read newspaper. II. Recent news is broadcast only on radio.

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is implicit

4
There is no information in the facts to support statements I or II. Statement III is clearly wrong because according to Fact 1 no frames cost less than $35.

Q.- Statement: The entire north India including Delhi and the neighbouring states remained 'powerless' the whole day of 19th December as the northern grid supplying electricity to the seven states collapsed yet again. Assumptions: I. The northern grid had co

    1. 1. Only assumption I is implicit
    2. 2. Only assumption II is implicit
    3. 3. Either I or II is implicit
    4. 4. Both I and II are implicit

1
Beth won the biggest prize described as a higher medal than Jamie's which we've been told was a silver medal. Roberta and Michele both won bronze medals which are lower ranking medals than silver. Beth is also described as having competed more times than Roberta— who has competed seven times. Jamie is described as having competed fewer times than Roberta and Michele has competed three times. Therefore Beth has competed more times than the others and has won the biggest prize to date.

Q.- The virtue of art does not allow the work to be interfered with or immediately ruled by anything other than itself. It insists that it alone shall touch the work in order to bring it into being.Art requires that nothing shall attain the work except throug

    1. 1. art is governed by external rules and conditions.
    2. 2. art is for the sake of art and life.
    3. 3. art is for the sake of art alone.
    4. 4. artist should use his art for the sake of society.

3
No answer description available for this question.

Q.- There is a shift in our economy from a manufacturing to a service orientation. The increase in service-sector will require the managers to work more with people rather than with objects and things from the assembly line.

    1. 1. managers should have a balanced mind.
    2. 2. assembly line will exist in service organisations.
    3. 3. interpersonal skills will become more important in the future work place.
    4. 4. manufacturing organisations ignore importance of people.

3
No answer description available for this question.

Q.- Throughout the ages the businessman has helped build civilisation's great cities provided people with luxuries and artists with patronage and lift his fellow citizens to understand the standard of living. In the last few centuries the businessman has seed

    1. 1. is accountable to the society.
    2. 2. lives luxurious and comfortable life.
    3. 3. is capable of raising his standard of living.
    4. 4. has contributed to the growth of civilisation.

4
No answer description available for this question.

Q.- The only true education comes through the stimulation of the child's powers by the demands of the social situations in which he finds himself. Through these demands he is stimulated to act as a member of a unity to emerge from his original narrowness of a

    1. 1. will take place if the children imbibe action and feeling.
    2. 2. will take place if the children are physically strong.
    3. 3. is not provided in our schools today.
    4. 4. comes through the interaction with social situations.

4
No answer description available for this question.

Q.- Satisfaction with co-workers promotion opportunities the nature of work and pay goes with high performance among those with strong growth needs. Among those with weak growth needs no such relationship is present - and in fact satisfaction with promotion o

    1. 1. satisfaction is an inevitable organisational variable.
    2. 2. job satisfaction and performance are directly and closely related.
    3. 3. relationship between job satisfaction and performance is moderated by growth need.
    4. 4. every organisation has few employees having weak growth need.

3
No answer description available for this question.

Q.- The school has always been the most important means of transferring the wealth of tradition form one generation to the next. This applies today in an even higher degree than in former times for through the modern development of economy the family as beare

    1. 1. there are means other than the school.
    2. 2. several different sources must be tried.
    3. 3. economic development plays a crucial role
    4. 4. modern technology must be put to use.

3
No answer description available for this question.

Q.- To forgive an injury is often considered to be a sign of weakness; it is really a sign of strength. It is easy to allow oneself to be carried away by resentment and hate into an act of vengeance; but it takes a strong character to restrain those natural p

    1. 1. the sufferer alone knows the intensity of his sufferings.
    2. 2. people tend to forgive the things happened in the past.
    3. 3. natural passions are difficult to suppress.
    4. 4. mercy is the noblest form of revenge.

4
No answer description available for this question.

Q.- The prevention of accidents makes it necessary not only that safety devices be used to guard exposed machinery but also that mechanics be instructed in safety rules which they must follow for their own protection and that lighting in the plant be adequate

    1. 1. are always avoidable;
    2. 2. may be due to ignorance.
    3. 3. cannot be entirely overcome.
    4. 4. can be eliminated with the help of safety rules.

4
No answer description available for this question.

Q.- One of the important humanitarian by-products of technology is the greater dignity and value that it imparts to human labour. In a highly industrialized society there is no essential difference between Brahmin and Dalit Muslim and Hindu; they are equally

    1. 1. technology decides individual's social status.
    2. 2. castes and religions are man-made.
    3. 3. human labour has dignity and value.
    4. 4. all individuals irrespective of caste and creed are born equal.

3
No answer description available for this question.

Q.- The attainment of individual and organisational goals is mutually interdependent and linked by a common denominator - employee work motivation. Organisational members are motivated to satisfy their personal goals and they contribute their efforts to the a

    1. 1. encourages an individual to give priority to personal goals over organisational goals.
    2. 2. is crucial for the survival of an individual and organisation.
    3. 3. is the product of an individual's physical and mental energy.
    4. 4. makes organisation and society inseparable.

1
No answer description available for this question.

Q.- One of the important humanitarian by products of technology is the greater dignity and value that it imparts to the human labour. In a highly industrialized society there is no essential difference between Brahmin and Dalit Muslim and Hindu; they are equa

    1. 1. technology decides individual social status.
    2. 2. castes and religions are man made.
    3. 3. human labour has dignity and value.
    4. 4. all individuals irrespective of caste and creed are born equal.

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- There is a shift in our economy from a manufacturing to a service orientation. The increase in service-sector will require the managers to work more with people rather than with objects and things from the assembly line.

    1. 1. managers should have a balanced mind.
    2. 2. assembly lime will exist in service organisations.
    3. 3. interpersonal skills will become more important in the future work place.
    4. 4. manufacturing organisations ignore importance of people.

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- The virtue of art does not allow the work to be interfered with or immediately ruled by anything other than itself. It insists that it alone shall touch the work in order to bring it into being. Art requires that nothing shall attain the work except throu

    1. 1. art is for the sake of art alone.
    2. 2. art is governed by external rules and conditions.
    3. 3. art is for the sake of art and life.
    4. 4. artist should use his art for the sake of society.

1
No answer description available for this question

Q.- The press should not be afraid of upholding and supporting a just and righteous cause. It should not be afraid of criticising the government in a healthy manner. The press has to be eternally vigilant to protect the rights of the workers backward and supp

    1. 1. press has a great role to play in a democracy.
    2. 2. the press is the only means to project to the masses the policies of the government.
    3. 3. the freedom of press is essential for the proper functioning of democracy.
    4. 4. the press can be used by the governments as an effective media for the upliftment of the backward sections of society.

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Satisfaction with co-workers promotion opportunities the nature of work and pay goes with high performance among those with strong growth needs. Among those with weak growth needs no such relationship is present - and in fact satisfaction with promotion o

    1. 1. relationship between job satisfaction and performance is moderated by growth need.
    2. 2. satisfaction is an inevitable organisational variable.
    3. 3. job satisfaction and performance are directly and closely related.
    4. 4. high performance is essential for organisational effectiveness.

1
No answer description available for this question

Q.- It is up to our government and planners to devise ways and means for the mobilisation of about ten crore workers whose families total up about forty crore men women and children. Our agriculture is over-manned. A lesser number of agriculturists would mean

    1. 1. employment in production is more fruitful than employment in agriculture.
    2. 2. Indian economy is in a poor shape basically due to improper mobilisation of man-power.
    3. 3. a shift of labour from agricultural sector to the industrial sector would uplift the living standard.
    4. 4. the industrial sector is labour-deficient while the agricultural sector is over-manned in our country.

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- The school has always been the most important means of transferring the wealth of tradition form one generation to the next. This applies today in an even higher degree than in former times for through the modern development of economy the family as beare

    1. 1. there are means other than the school.
    2. 2. several different sources must be tried.
    3. 3. economic development plays a crucial role.
    4. 4. family as ever is the most potent means.

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- To forgive an injury is often considered to be a sign of weakness; it is really a sign of strength. It is easy to allow oneself to be carried away by resentment and hate into an act of vengeance; but it takes a strong character to restrain those natural p

    1. 1. the sufferer alone knows the intensity of his sufferings.
    2. 2. people tend to forgive the things happened in the past.
    3. 3. natural passions are difficult to suppress.
    4. 4. mercy is the noblest form of revenge.

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Though the waste of time or the expenditure on fashions is very large yet fashions have come to stay. They will not go what may. However what is now required is that strong efforts should be made to displace the excessive craze for fashion from the minds

    1. 1. fashion is the need of the day
    2. 2. the excessive craze for fashions is detrimental to ones personality.
    3. 3. the hoard for fashion should be done away with so as not to let down the constuctive development.
    4. 4. work and other activities should be valued more than the outward appearance.

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- The only true education comes through the stimulation of the child's power by the demands of the social situations in which he finds himself. Through these demands he is stimulated to act as a member of a unity to emerge from his original narrowness of ac

    1. 1. will take place if the children imbibe action and feeling.
    2. 2. will take place if the children are physically strong.
    3. 3. is not provided in our schools today
    4. 4. comes through the interaction with social situations

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- According to research published in the journal 'Developmental Psychology' children in smaller first-grade classrooms demonstrated better literacy performance than those in larger groups. The researchers noted that class sizes are a predictor of literacy o

    1. 1. Developmental Psychology transforming the new ways of classroom life.
    2. 2. Smaller classes are just one tool for literacy teachers and they may prove most beneficial in targeting and intervening among key student populations.
    3. 3. The Effect of Classroom Size on Literacy Instruction.
    4. 4. Adopting New Methodology always proves Success when it comes to Education.

2
Smaller classes are just one tool for literacy teachers and they may prove most beneficial in targeting and intervening among key student populations.

Q.- When a child receives strong parental encouragement and approval for sports performance a shift may occur in the child's motivation. The child may attach so much importance to performance and ability that mistakes become severe blows to his self-worth and

    1. 1. The youngster may attach the approval to self-esteem and begin to believe that performance and achievement defines who he is and his overall worth.
    2. 2. When parents push a child too forcefully to excel in sports injuries are a frequent result.
    3. 3. Parents with unfulfilled sports dreams and ambitions may seek to achieve these goals through a child.
    4. 4. Over-involvement with sports participation may lead to parents taking over control and ownership of the activity.

1
The youngster may attach the approval to self-esteem and begin to believe that performance and achievement defines who he is and his overall worth.

Q.- Urge teen girls to own their feelings by acknowledging their feelings to others when they set boundaries. She can do this by using 'I' statements. For instance I feel frustrated when I'm consistently interrupted. Teens should also indicate how they will r

    1. 1. If I am interrupted again I will no longer participate in the conversation. Warn that they must follow through on stated repercussions because if a teen girl continues a discussion despite ongoing interruptions after she has set the boundary this will sen
    2. 2. Boundaries vary depending on person and context and can change over time.
    3. 3. Teaching Girls how to set boundaries for themselves.
    4. 4. Women and girls are often pressured to conform to societal gender roles.

3
Teaching Girls how to set boundaries for themselves.

Q.- Authoritative behavior involves setting clear boundaries appropriate for the child's age and development which the children are expected to follow. It is when the parents are in total control and the children are expected to obey without question. Childre

    1. 1. The effect of visual media on the social behavior of children.
    2. 2. The Effect of Parent Behavior on Children's Discipline.
    3. 3. Emotional Attachment of Parents with their Job not with Children.
    4. 4. Challenges of Effective Discipline in the Parents.

2
The Effect of Parent Behavior on Children's Discipline.

Q.- Space probes costs enormously as the launching rockets cannot be recovered and used again. In India the space program was formerly launched in 1972 with the setting up of the Space Commission and the Department of Space. Advancement in areas of communicat

    1. 1. Satellite technology has strengthened all Communication Media as well as gives trigger to various fields.
    2. 2. India is not a novice to the field of communications satellites.
    3. 3. India plans to a have a new launch pad to undertake its proposed human space flight manned mission.
    4. 4. Satellite technology has wasted most spoiled generation.

1
Satellite technology has strengthened all Communication Media as well as gives trigger to various fields.

Q.- Many initiatives are taken in many schools to develop the interest among students to enter Indian politics. The Field of politics is usually a perception that it is not suited to Educated People and this perception is being changed by many school students

    1. 1. Indian education is full of innumerable pages of obsolete outdated theory with no innovation or any practical work.
    2. 2. The more educated person more coward he is.
    3. 3. A more motivational experience for other youth to join and become a part of the community.
    4. 4. Youth should be set limits before politics.

3
A more motivational experience for other youth to join and become a part of the community.

Q.- The argument "irrespective of the economic progress we make we continue to remain socially disadvantaged" by those benefiting from it is unacceptable. Reservation destroys self-respect so much so that competition is no longer on to determine the best but

    1. 1. Reservation in promotion is a natural and logical corollary of reservation at the entry level.
    2. 2. The reservation system has received a mixed response from Indians since its inception.
    3. 3. India never needs a reservation system.
    4. 4. It was a mistake to differentiate people using reservation policy.

2
The reservation system has received a mixed response from Indians since its inception.

Q.- By playing sports children learn how to get along with their peers and interact positively with their coaches and elders. It builds sportsmanship spirits in them whether they win or lose. The losing team shake hands with the winning one and pat on their s

    1. 1. Many parents assume that attitude isn't something that develops until the preadolescent or teen years.
    2. 2. Fostering children's positive attitudes toward physical activity would be conducive to the promotion of current and lifelong.
    3. 3. Sports play an important role in psychological development and social well-being of a child.
    4. 4. The children who play sports get more chance of meeting and interacting with people.

3
Sports play an important role in psychological development and social well-being of a child.

Q.- A Huge majority 84 percent of the population identifies as Hindu. There are many variations of Hinduism and four predominant sects - Shaiva Vaishnava Shakteya and Smarta. About 13 percent of Indians are Muslim making it one of the largest Islamic nation

    1. 1. Indian's Culture Traditions and Customs of India.
    2. 2. India is known as multilingual country.
    3. 3. India is identified as the birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism.
    4. 4. India is a country where diversity in religion still exists .

4
India is a country where diversity in religion still exists .

Q.- As many as thirty sightings of king cobras were recorded in residential areas across Kerala within a year and most of them were caught from bathrooms and courtyards of houses and roads. A study conducted by the researchers of the Department of Zoology Un

    1. 1. The occurrences were strange as king cobras were never known to trespass into human territory.
    2. 2. Large-scale deforestation and the disturbances caused by poachers and illicit liquor-brewers could be forcing king cobras to migrate.
    3. 3. the grasslands of the Western Ghats in Kerala home to a rich collection of butterflies including endemic species were under increasing threat from tourism.
    4. 4. Endangered species in India.

2
Large-scale deforestation and the disturbances caused by poachers and illicit liquor-brewers could be forcing king cobras to migrate.

Q.- Statements: All cars are cats. All fans are cats. Conclusions: All cars are fans Some fans are cars.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
Since the middle term 'cats' is not distributed even once in the premises no definite conclusion follows.

Q.- Statements: All young scientists are open-minded. No open-minded men are superstitious. Conclusions: No scientist is superstitious. No young people are superstitious.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
The subject in both the conclusions is vague. The true conclusion is 'No young scientist is superstitious'. Thus neither I nor II follows

Q.- Statements: All artists are smokers. Some smokers are drunkards. Conclusions: All smokers are artists. Some drunkards are not smokers.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
Since the middle term 'smokers' is not distributed even once in the premises no definite conclusion follows.

Q.- Statements: Raman is always successful. No fool is always successful. Conclusions: Raman is a fool. Raman is not a fool.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
Since both the premises are universal and one premise is negative the conclusion must be universal negative and should not contain the middle term. So only II follows.

Q.- Statements: All water is divine. All temples are divine. Conclusions: All water is temple. All temples are water.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
Since the middle term 'divine' is not distributed even once in the premises no definite conclusion can be drawn.

Q.- Statements: Some books are tables. Some tables are mirrors. Conclusions: Some mirrors are books. No book is mirror.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

3
Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion follows. However I and II involve only the extreme terms and form a complementary pair. Thus either I or II follows.

Q.- Statements: All trucks fly. Some scooters fly. Conclusions: All trucks are scooters. Some scooters do not fly.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
Since the middle term 'fly' is not distributed even once in the premises no definite conclusion follows.

Q.- Statements: Most teachers are boys. Some boys are students. Conclusions: Some students are boys. Some teachers are students.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion follows. However I is the converse of the second premise and thus it holds.

Q.- Statements: No man is a donkey. Rahul is a man. Conclusions: Rahul is not a donkey. All men are not Rahul.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
Since on premise is negative the conclusion must be negative. Conclusion II cannot follow as it contains the middle term. So only I follows.

Q.- Statements: Some men are educated. Educated persons prefer small families. Conclusions: All small families are educated. Some men prefer small families.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
Since one premise is particular the conclusion must be particular and should not contain the middle term. Thus only II follows.

Q.- Some tapes are discs. Some discs are cassettes. Some cassettes are songs. Conclusions: Some songs are discs. Some cassettes are tapes. Some songs are tapes. No song is a disc.

    1. 1. Only either I or IV follows
    2. 2. Only either II or IV follows
    3. 3. Only III and IV follow
    4. 4. Only III and either II or IV follows

1
Since each combination of premises shall contain two particular premises no definite conclusion can be drawn. However I and IV involve the extreme terms of the second and third premises and form a complementary pair. Thus either I or IV follows.

Q.- Statements: Some tigers are lions. Some lions are rabbits. Some rabbits are horses. Conclusions: Some tigers are horses. Some rabbits are tigers. Some horses are lions. All horses are rabbits.

    1. 1. All follow
    2. 2. None follows
    3. 3. Only I and II follow
    4. 4. Only II and IV follow

2
Since each combination of premises shall contain two particular premises no definite conclusion can be drawn.

Q.- Statements: Some blankets are beds. Some pillows are blankets. All beds are pillows. Conclusions: Some blankets are pillows. Some pillows are beds. Some beds are blankets.

    1. 1. Only either I or II follows
    2. 2. Only I and either II or III follow
    3. 3. Only III and either I or II follow
    4. 4. All I II and III follow

4
I is the converse of the second premise II is the converse of the third premise and III is the converse of the first premise and as such all three of them follow.

Q.- Statements: All flowers are toys. Some toys are trees. Some angels are trees. Conclusions: Some angels are toys. Some trees are flowers. Some flowers are angels.

    1. 1. None follows
    2. 2. Only I follows
    3. 3. Only II follows
    4. 4. Only III follows

1
All flowers are toys. Some toys are trees. Since the middle term 'toys' is not distributed even once in the premises no definite conclusion follows. Some toys are trees. Some angels are trees. Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion can be drawn.

Q.- Statements: Some rats are cats. Some cats are dogs. No dog is cow. Conclusions: No cow is cat. No dog is rat. Some cats are rats.

    1. 1. None follows
    2. 2. Only I and II follow
    3. 3. Only II and III follow
    4. 4. Only III follows

4
III is the converse of the first premise and so it holds. Some rats are cats. Some cats are dogs. Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion follows. Some cats are dogs. No dog is cow. Since one premise is particular and the other negative the conclusion must be particular negative (O-type) and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'Some cats are not cows'.

Q.- Statements: Some mountains are hillocks. Some mountains are rivers. Some mountains are valleys. Conclusions: All mountains are either hillocks or rivers or valleys. No valley is river. Some river are valleys.

    1. 1. None follows
    2. 2. Only I follows
    3. 3. Only either II or III follows
    4. 4. Only III follows

3
Since each combination of premises shall contain two particular premises no definite conclusion can be drawn. However II and III are statements involving the extreme terms of the last two premises and form a complementary pair. Thus either II or III follows.

Q.- Statements: Some blades are hammers. Some hammers are knives. Some knives are axes. Conclusions: Some axes are hammers. Some knives are blades. Some axes are blades.

    1. 1. None follows
    2. 2. Only I follows
    3. 3. Only II follows
    4. 4. Only III follows

1
Since each combination of premises has two particular premises so no definite conclusion follows.

Q.- Statements: Some boxes are hammers. Some hammers are beads. All beads are rings. Conclusions: Some rings are hammers. Some hammers are boxes. Some rings are boxes.

    1. 1. None follows
    2. 2. Only I follows
    3. 3. Only I and II follow
    4. 4. Only II and III follow

3
II is the converse of first premise and so it holds. Some boxes are hammers. Some hammers are beads. Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion can be drawn. Some hammers are beads. All beads are rings. Since one premise is particular the conclusion must be particular and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'Some hammers are rings'. I is the converse of this conclusion and so it holds. Some boxes are hammers. Some hammers are rings. Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion can be drawn.

Q.- Statements: All fruits are vegetables. All pens are vegetables. All vegetables are rains. Conclusions: All fruits are rains. All pens are rains. Some rains are vegetables.

    1. 1. None follows
    2. 2. Only I and II follow
    3. 3. Only II and III follow
    4. 4. All follow

4
III is the converse of the third premise and so it holds. All fruits are vegetables. All vegetables are rains. The conclusion must be universal affirmative and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'All fruits are rains'. Thus I follows. All pens are vegetables. All vegetables are rains. Clearly it follows that 'All pens are rains'. Thus II follows.

Q.- Statements: Some towels are brushes. No brush is soap. All soaps are rats. Conclusions: Some rats are brushes. No rat is brush. Some towels are soaps.

    1. 1. None follows
    2. 2. Only either I or II follows
    3. 3. Only II follows
    4. 4. Only I and III follow

2
Some towels are brushes. No brush is soap. Since one premise is particular and the other negative the conclusion must be particular negative (O-type) and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'Some towels are not soaps'. No brush is soap. All soaps are rats. Since the middle term is distributed twice the conclusion must be particular. Since one premise is negative the conclusion must be negative. So it follows that 'Some brushes are not rats'. Since I and II involve the same terms and form a complementary pair so either I or II follows.

Q.- Statements: All young scientists are open-minded. No open-minded men are superstitious. Conclusions: I. No scientist is superstitious. II. No young people are superstitious.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
The subject in both the conclusions is vague. The true conclusion is 'No young scientist is superstitious'. Thus neither I nor II follows

Q.- Statements: All terrorists are guilty. All terrorists are criminals. Conclusions: I. Either all criminals are guilty or all guilty are criminals. II. Some guilty persons are criminals. III.Generally criminals are guilty. IV.Crime and guilt go together.

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only I and III follow
    3. 3. Only II follows
    4. 4. Only II and IV follow

3
Since the middle term 'terrorists' is distributed twice in the premises the conclusion cannot be universal. So it follows that 'Some guilty persons are criminals'. Thus II holds.

Q.- Statements: Some houses are offices. Some offices are schools. Conclusions: I. Some schools are houses. II. Some offices are houses. III. No house is school. IV. Some schools are offices.

    1. 1. Only II and III follow
    2. 2. Only I and IV follow
    3. 3. Only either III or IV and I follow
    4. 4. Only II and IV and either I or III follow.

4
Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion follows. However I and III involve only the extreme terms and form a complementary pair. So either I or III follows. II is the converse of the first premise while IV is the converse of the second premise. Thus both of them hold.

Q.- Statements: Some taxis have horns. Some taxis have lights. Conclusions: I. Every taxi has either horn or light. II. Some taxis have neither light nor horn. III. Some taxis have horns as well as lights. IV. No taxi has horn as well as light.

    1. 1. Only I and II follow
    2. 2. Only II and III follow
    3. 3. Only II and IV follow
    4. 4. Either III or IV follows

4
Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion follows. However III and IV form a complementary pair. Thus either III or IV follows.

Q.- Statements: Some saints are balls. All balls are bats. Some tigers are balls. Conclusions: I. Some bats are tigers. II. Some saints are bats. III. All bats are balls.

    1. 1. Only I and II follow
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Only I and III follow
    4. 4. Only III follows

1
Some saints are balls. All balls are bats. Since one premise is particular the conclusion must be particular and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'Some saints are bats'. Thus II follows. Some tigers are balls. All balls are bats. Since one premise is particular the conclusion must be particular and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'Some tigers are bats'. I is the converse of this conclusion and so it holds.

Q.- Statements: Some pens are books. All schools are books. Some colleges are schools. Conclusions: I. Some colleges are pens. II. Some pens are schools. III. Some colleges are books.

    1. 1. Only I and II follow
    2. 2. Only II and III follow
    3. 3. Only I and III follow
    4. 4. None of these

4
Some pens are books. All schools are books. Since the middle term 'books' is not distributed even once in the premises so no definite conclusion follows. Some colleges are schools. All schools are books. Since one premise is particular the conclusion must be particular and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'Some colleges are books'. Thus III follows. Some pens are books. Some colleges are books. Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion can be drawn. Hence only III follows.

Q.- Statements: All trains are buses. No room is bus. All boats are rooms. Conclusions: I. No boat is train. II. No bus is boat. III. No train is room.

    1. 1. None follows
    2. 2. Only I and II follow
    3. 3. Only II and III follow
    4. 4. All follow

4
All trains are buses. No room is bus. Since both the premises are universal and one premise is negative the conclusion must be universal negative and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'No train is room'. Thus III follows. All boats are rooms. No room is bus. As discussed above it follows that 'No boat is bus'. II is the converse of this conclusion and so it holds. All trains are buses. No boat is bus. Again it follows that 'No train is boat'. I is the converse of this conclusion and so it holds.

Q.- Statements: Some boxes are hammers. Some hammers are beads. All beads are rings. Conclusions: I. Some rings are hammers. II. Some hammers are boxes. III. Some rings are boxes.

    1. 1. None follows
    2. 2. Only I follows
    3. 3. Only I and II follow
    4. 4. Only II and III follow

3
II is the converse of first premise and so it holds. Some boxes are hammers. Some hammers are beads. Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion can be drawn. Some hammers are beads. All beads are rings. Since one premise is particular the conclusion must be particular and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'Some hammers are rings'. I is the converse of this conclusion and so it holds. Some boxes are hammers. Some hammers are rings. Since both the premises are particular no definite conclusion can be drawn.

Q.- Statements: No rabbit is lion. Some horses are lions. All rabbits are tables. Conclusions: I. Some tables are lions. II. Some horses are rabbits. III. No lion is table.

    1. 1. None follows
    2. 2. Only either I or III follows
    3. 3. Only II and III follow
    4. 4. Only III follows

2
Some horses are lions. No rabbit is lion. Since one premise is particular and the other negative the conclusion must be particular negative (O-type) and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'Some horses are not rabbits'. All rabbits are tables. No rabbit is lion. Since the middle term 'rabbits' is distributed twice the conclusion must be particular. Since one premise is negative the conclusion must be negative. So it follows that 'Some tables are not lions'. Since I and III involve the same terms and form a complementary pair so either I or III follows.

Q.- Statements: All tigers are jungles. No jungle is bird. Some birds are rains. Conclusions: I. No rain is jungle. II. Some rains are jungles. III. No bird is tiger.

    1. 1. Only I and II follow
    2. 2. Only III follows
    3. 3. Only either I or II and III follow
    4. 4. All follow

3
Since both the premises are universal and one premise is negative the conclusion must be universal negative and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'No tiger is bird'. III is the converse of this conclusion and so it holds. No jungle is bird. Some birds are rains. Since one premise is particular and the other negative the conclusion must be particular negative and should not contain the middle term. So it follows that 'Some jungles are not rains'. Since I and II also involve the same terms and form a complementary pair so either I or II follows.

Q.- DEF DEF2 DE2F2 _____ D2E2F3

    1. 1. DEF3
    2. 2. D3EF3
    3. 3. D2E3F
    4. 4. D2E2F2

4
In this series the letters remain the same: DEF.The subscript numbers follow this series: 111 112 122 222 223 233 333 �

Q.- QAR RAS SAT TAU _____

    1. 1. UAV
    2. 2. UAT
    3. 3. VAT
    4. 4. TAT

1
In this series the third letter is repeated as the first letter of the next segment. The middle letter A remains static. The third letters are in alphabetical order beginning with R.

Q.- P5QR P4QS P3QT _____ P1QV

    1. 1. PQW
    2. 2. PQV2
    3. 3. P2QU
    4. 4. PQ3U

3
The first two letters PQ are static. The third letter is in alphabetical order beginning with R. The number series is in descending order beginning with 5.

Q.- BCB DED FGF HIH ___

    1. 1. JKJ
    2. 2. HJH
    3. 3. IJI
    4. 4. JHJ

1
This series consists of a simple alphabetical order with the first two letters of all segments: B C D E F G H I J K. The third letter of each segment is a repetition of the first letter.

Q.- JAK KBL LCM MDN _____

    1. 1. OEP
    2. 2. NEO
    3. 3. MEN
    4. 4. PFQ

2
This is an alternating series in alphabetical order. The middle letters follow the order ABCDE. The first and third letters are alphabetical beginning with J. The third letter is repeated as a first letter in each subsequent three-letter segment.

Q.- QPO NML KJI _____ EDC

    1. 1. HGF
    2. 2. CAB
    3. 3. JKL
    4. 4. GHI

1
This series consists of letters in a reverse alphabetical order.

Q.- ZA5 Y4B XC6 W3D _____

    1. 1. E7V
    2. 2. V2E
    3. 3. VE5
    4. 4. VE7

4
There are three series to look for here. The first letters are alphabetical in reverse: Z Y X W V. The second letters are in alphabetical order beginning with A. The number series is as follows: 5 4 6 3 7.

Q.- B2CD _____ BCD4 B5CD BC6D

    1. 1. B2C2D
    2. 2. BC3D
    3. 3. B2C3D
    4. 4. BCD7

2
Because the letters are the same concentrate on the number series which is a simple 2 3 4 5 6 series and follows each letter in order.

Q.- SCD TEF UGH ____ WKL

    1. 1. CMN
    2. 2. UJI
    3. 3. UJI
    4. 4. IJT

3
There are two alphabetical series here. The first series is with the first letters only: STUVW. The second series involves the remaining letters: CD EF GH IJ KL.

Q.- ELFA GLHA ILJA _____ MLNA

    1. 1. OLPA
    2. 2. KLMA
    3. 3. LLMA
    4. 4. KLLA

4
The second and forth letters in the series L and A are static. The first and third letters consist of an alphabetical order beginning with the letter E.

Q.- In a code CORNER is written as GSVRIV. How can CENTRAL be written in that code?

    1. 1. DFOUSBM
    2. 2. GIRXVEP
    3. 3. GNFJKER
    4. 4. None of these

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- If FRAGRANCE is written as SBHSBODFG how can IMPOSING be written?

    1. 1. NQPTJHOJ
    2. 2. NQPTJOHI
    3. 3. NQTPJOHJ
    4. 4. NQPTJOHJ

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Which of the following words would correctly decode the word ZHOFRPH if the simple alphabet shifting code is used?

    1. 1. ARTISTS
    2. 2. COMPUTE
    3. 3. MAIDING
    4. 4. MAILING

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- If BOMBAY is written as MYMYMY how will TAMIL NADU will be written in that code?

    1. 1. ALDALDALD
    2. 2. IATIATIAT
    3. 3. TIATIATIA
    4. 4. MNUMNUMNU

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- If POND is coded as RSTL how is HEAR written in that code?

    1. 1. GHIJ
    2. 2. GHIZ
    3. 3. JIGZ
    4. 4. JCLZ

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- If in a certain language UTENSIL is coded as WVGPUKN which word would be coded as DMSFXG?

    1. 1. BKQEVE
    2. 2. BKQDWE
    3. 3. BKQDWF
    4. 4. BKQDVE

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- In a certain code BOXER is written as AQWGQ. How VISIT is written in that code?

    1. 1. UKRKU
    2. 2. UKRKS
    3. 3. WKRKU
    4. 4. WKRKS

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- In a certain code REFRIGERATOR is coded as ROTAREGIRFER. Which word would be coded as NOITINUMMA?

    1. 1. ANMOMIUTNI
    2. 2. AMNTOMUIIN
    3. 3. NMMUNITIOA
    4. 4. AMMUNITION

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- If DIAMOND is coded as VQYMKLV how is FEMALE coded?

    1. 1. UVNZOV
    2. 2. TVNYNV
    3. 3. TUMYNU
    4. 4. TUMZOU

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- In a certain code MONKEY is written as XDJMNL. How is TIGER written in that code?

    1. 1. SDFHS
    2. 2. SHFDQ
    3. 3. QDFHS
    4. 4. UJHFS

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- ACEGI BDFHJ KMOQS __ UWYAC VXZBD

    1. 1. TUVWX
    2. 2. LPRTV
    3. 3. LNPRT
    4. 4. PQRTV

3
The letters with odd position values are taken in alternate groups. i.e ACEGI KMOQS UWYAC similarly the letters with even position values are taken in the other positions. i.e. DBFHJ LNPRT VXZBD. Hence the missing group is LNPRT.

Q.- P5QR P4QS P3QT _____ PQV

    1. 1. PQW
    2. 2. PQV2
    3. 3. P2QU
    4. 4. PQ3U

3
The first two letters PQ are static. The third letter is in alphabetical order beginning with R. The number series is in descending order beginning with 5.

Q.- FAG GAF HAI IAH ____

    1. 1. JAK
    2. 2. HAL
    3. 3. JAI
    4. 4. HAK

1
The middle letters are static so concentrate on the first and third letters. The series involves an alphabetical order with a reversal of the letters. The first letters are in alphabetical order: F G H I J. The second and fourth segments are reversals of the first and third segments. The missing segment begins with a new letter.

Q.- ZA5 Y4B XC6 W3D _____

    1. 1. E7V
    2. 2. V2E
    3. 3. VE5
    4. 4. VE7

4
There are three series to look for here. The first letters are alphabetical in reverse: Z Y X W V. The second letters are in alphabetical order beginning with A. The number series is as follows: 5 4 6 3 7.

Q.- BCB DED FGF HIH ___

    1. 1. JKJ
    2. 2. HJH
    3. 3. IJI
    4. 4. JHJ

1
This series consists of a simple alphabetical order with the first two letters of all segments: B C D E F G H I J K. The third letter of each segment is a repetition of the first letter.

Q.- AP BQ CR DS __

    1. 1. ET
    2. 2. EU
    3. 3. TE
    4. 4. EV

1
AP BQ CR DS __ The first letters in all the pairs i.e A B C and D form a series of consecutive letters. Similarly the second letters P Q R and S form another pair of consecutive letters. Hence the next pair in the series is ET.

Q.- BEP CIQ DOR FUS GAT __

    1. 1. HEV
    2. 2. HIT
    3. 3. IET
    4. 4. IEU

1
The given series is a mixed series. Pattern for the first letter: Consecutive consonants starting with B. Next letter in that series is H. Pattern for the second letter: Consecutive vowels starting with E. The next letter in that series is E. Pattern for the third letter: Consecutive consonants starting with V. Hence the next group in the series is HEV.

Q.- ABDH BDHP CFLX DHPF __

    1. 1. EKNT
    2. 2. TNEK
    3. 3. EJTN
    4. 4. JNTE

3
This question can be solved easily if the relation between the letters within the group is observed. In this series the first letter in all the groups form a series of consecutive letters. Hence the first letter in the next group is E. The other letters in each group are related as follows. A*2 B*2 D*2 H B*2 D*2 H*2 P C*2 F*2 L*2 X D*2 H*2 P*2 F Hence the next group is obtained as follows. E*2 J*2 T*2 N. Hence the next group in the series is EJTN.

Q.- 2W3 1S9 1Q7 __ 1K1

    1. 1. 1P6
    2. 2. 1M3
    3. 3. 1R8
    4. 4. 1S9

2
The letters are consecutive letters with the prime number as the position value and the digits on either of the letter together indicate the place value of the letter. 2W3 => W = 23 1S9 => S = 19 1Q7 => Q = 17 1K1 => K = 11 Missing term is 1M3

Q.- D F G H J K L M N __

    1. 1. O
    2. 2. Q
    3. 3. P
    4. 4. R

3
D F G H J K L M N __ The given series consists of consonants in increasing order starting with D. The next consonant in the series is P.

Q.- Guide is to direct as reduce is to

    1. 1. decrease
    2. 2. maintain
    3. 3. increase
    4. 4. preserve

1
Guide and direct are synonyms and reduce and decrease are synonyms. The answer is not choice b or d because neither means the same as reduce. (Choice c) is incorrect because increase is the opposite of reduce.

Q.- Pride is to lion as shoal is to

    1. 1. teacher
    2. 2. student
    3. 3. self-respect
    4. 4. fish

4
A group of lions is called a pride. A group of fish swim in a shoal. Teacher (choice a) and student (choice b) refer to another meaning of the word school. The answer is not (choice c) because self-respect has no obvious relationship to this particular meaning of school.

Q.- Secretly is to openly as silently is to

    1. 1. scarcely
    2. 2. impolitely
    3. 3. noisily
    4. 4. quietly

3
Secretly is the opposite of openly and silently is the opposite of noisily. Choices a and b are clearly not the opposites of silently. (Choice d) means the same thing as silently.

Q.- Pen is to poet as needle is to

    1. 1. thread
    2. 2. button
    3. 3. sewing
    4. 4. tailor

4
A pen is a tool used by a poet. A needle is a tool used by a tailor. The answer is not choice a b or c because none is a person and therefore cannot complete the analogy.

Q.- Play is to actor as concert is to

    1. 1. symphony
    2. 2. musician
    3. 3. piano
    4. 4. percussion

2
An actor performs in a play. A musician performs at a concert. Choices a c and d are incorrect because none is people who perform.

Q.- Elated is to despondent as enlightened is to

    1. 1. aware
    2. 2. ignorant
    3. 3. miserable
    4. 4. tolerant

2
Elated is the opposite of despondent; enlightened is the opposite of ignorant.

Q.- Yard is to inch as quart is to

    1. 1. gallon
    2. 2. ounce
    3. 3. milk
    4. 4. liquid

2
A yard is a larger measure than an inch (a yard contains 36 inches). A quart is a larger measure than an ounce (a quart contains 32 ounces). Gallon (choice a) is incorrect because it is larger than a quart. Choices c and d are incorrect because they are not units of measurement.

Q.- Cup is to coffee as bowl is to

    1. 1. dish
    2. 2. soup
    3. 3. spoon
    4. 4. food

2
Coffee goes into a cup and soup goes into a bowl. Choices a and c are incorrect because they are other utensils. The answer is not choice d because the word food is too general.

Q.- Marathon is to race as hibernation is to

    1. 1. winter
    2. 2. bear
    3. 3. dream
    4. 4. SLEEP

4
A marathon is a long race and hibernation is a lengthy period of sleep. The answer is not choice a or b because even though a bear and winter are related to hibernation neither completes the analogy. (Choice c) is incorrect because sleep and dream are not synonymous.

Q.- Odometer is to mileage as compass is to

    1. 1. speed
    2. 2. weather
    3. 3. hiking
    4. 4. needledirection

4
An odometer is an instrument used to measure mileage. A compass is an instrument used to determine direction. Choices a b and c are incorrect because none is an instrument.

Q.- COAL : MINERAL ::

    1. 1. oxygen : water
    2. 2. river : dam
    3. 3. gold : metal
    4. 4. silver : mine

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Clue is related to Mystery in the same way as Warning is related to ...

    1. 1. Disaster
    2. 2. Precaution
    3. 3. Risk
    4. 4. Danger

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Firm is related to Flabby in the same way as Piquant is related to ...

    1. 1. Bland
    2. 2. Salty
    3. 3. Pleasant
    4. 4. Small

1
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Mattock : Dig : : Shovel : ?

    1. 1. Break
    2. 2. Push
    3. 3. Scoop
    4. 4. Whittle

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Oasis : Sand : : Island : ?

    1. 1. River
    2. 2. Sea
    3. 3. Water
    4. 4. Waves

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Annihilation : Fire : : Cataclysm : ?

    1. 1. Earthquake
    2. 2. Flood
    3. 3. Emergency
    4. 4. Steam

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Ice : Coolness : : Earth : ?

    1. 1. Ocean
    2. 2. Forest
    3. 3. Weight
    4. 4. Gravitation

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Skirmish : War : : Disease : ?

    1. 1. Medicine
    2. 2. Patient
    3. 3. Epidemic
    4. 4. Infection

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Appraiser : Building : : Critic : ?

    1. 1. Book
    2. 2. Masterpiece
    3. 3. Judge
    4. 4. Gold

1
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Victory is related to Happiness in the same way as Failure is related to ...

    1. 1. Defeat
    2. 2. Anger
    3. 3. Frustration
    4. 4. Sandness

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- CONVICTION : INCARCERATION

    1. 1. reduction : diminution
    2. 2. induction : amelioration
    3. 3. radicalization : estimation
    4. 4. marginalization : intimidation

1
A conviction results in incarceration; a reduction results in diminution.

Q.- VERVE : ENTHUSIASM

    1. 1. loyalty : duplicity
    2. 2. devotion : reverence
    3. 3. intensity : color
    4. 4. eminence : anonymity

2
Verve and enthusiasm are synonyms; devotion and reverence are synonyms.

Q.- JAUNDICE : LIVER

    1. 1. rash : skin
    2. 2. dialysis : kidney
    3. 3. smog : lung
    4. 4. valentine : heart

1
Jaundice is an indication of a liver problem; rash is an indication of a skin problem.

Q.- PHOBIC : FEARFUL

    1. 1. finicky : thoughtful
    2. 2. cautious : emotional
    3. 3. envious : desiring
    4. 4. asinine : silly

4
To be phobic is to be extremely fearful; to be asinine is to be extremely silly.

Q.- FINCH : BIRD

    1. 1. frog : toad
    2. 2. elephant : reptile
    3. 3. dalmatian : dog
    4. 4. collie : marsupial

3
A finch is a type of bird; a Dalmatian is a type of dog.

Q.- DIVISION : SECTION

    1. 1. layer : tier
    2. 2. tether : bundle
    3. 3. chapter : verse
    4. 4. riser : stage

1
Division and section are synonyms; layer and tier are synonyms.

Q.- ELEPHANT : PACHYDERM

    1. 1. mantis : rodent
    2. 2. poodle : feline
    3. 3. kangaroo : marsupial
    4. 4. zebra : horse

3
An elephant is a pachyderm; a kangaroo is a marsupial.

Q.- PSYCHOLOGIST : NEUROSIS

    1. 1. ophthalmologist : cataract
    2. 2. dermatologist : fracture
    3. 3. infant : pediatrician
    4. 4. rash : orthopedist

1
A psychologist treats a neurosis; an ophthalmologist treats a cataract.

Q.- SIAMESE : CAT

    1. 1. type : breed
    2. 2. dog : puppy
    3. 3. mark : spot
    4. 4. romaine : lettuce

4
Siamese is a kind of cat; romaine is a kind of lettuce.

Q.- INTEREST : OBSESSION

    1. 1. mood : feeling
    2. 2. weeping : sadness
    3. 3. dream : fantasy
    4. 4. plan : negation

3
Obsession is a greater degree of interest; fantasy is a greater degree of dream.

Q.- Zachary has invited his three buddies over to watch the basketball game on his wide-screen television. They are all hungry but no one wants to leave to get food. Just as they are arguing about who should make the food run a commercial comes on for a local

    1. 1. 995-9266
    2. 2. 995-9336
    3. 3. 995-9268
    4. 4. 995-8266

1
All of the men agree that the first three numbers are 995. Three of them agree that the fourth number is 9. Three agree that the fifth number is 2. Three agree that the sixth number is 6; three others agree that the seventh number is also 6. \Option A\ is the best choice because it is made up of the numbers that most of the men agree they saw.

Q.- Mrs. Carson took a taxi to meet her three friends for lunch. They were waiting for her outside the restaurant when she pulled up in the car. She was so excited to see her friends that she left her tote bag in the taxi. As the taxi pulled away she and her

    1. 1. JXK 12L
    2. 2. JYK 12L
    3. 3. JXK 12I
    4. 4. JXX 12L

1
The four women seem to agree that the plate starts out with the letter J. Three of them agree that the plate ends with 12L. Three of them think that the second letter is X and a different three think that the third letter is K. The plate description that has all of these common elements is \Option A\.

Q.- The school principal has received complaints from parents about bullying in the school yard during recess. He wants to investigate and end this situation as soon as possible so he has asked the recess aides to watch closely. Which situation should the r

    1. 1. A girl is sitting glumly on a bench reading a book and not interacting with her peers.
    2. 2. Four girls are surrounding another girl and seem to have possession of her backpack.
    3. 3. Two boys are playing a one-on-one game of basketball and are arguing over the last basket scored.
    4. 4. Three boys are huddled over a handheld video game which isn't supposed to be on school grounds.

2
Seeing four girls surrounding another girl while in possession of her backpack is the most suspicious of the incidents described.

Q.- The film director wants an actress for the lead role of Lucy who perfectly fits the description that appears in the original screenplay. He is not willing to consider actresses who do not resemble the character as she is described in the screenplay no mat

    1. 1. 12
    2. 2. 23
    3. 3. 14
    4. 4. 24

2
Actresses #2 and #3 possess most of the required traits. They both have red hair and brown eyes are average-sized and are in their forties. Actress #1 is very tall and is only in her mid-twenties. She also has an olive complexion. Actress #4 is of very slight build and is in her early thirties. She also has blue eyes.

Q.- Mark is working with a realtor to find a location for the toy store he plans to open in his town. He is looking for a place that is either in or not too far from the center of town and one that would attract the right kind of foot traffic. Which of the f

    1. 1. a storefront in a new high-rise building near the train station in the center of town whose occupants are mainly young childless professionals who use the train to commute to their offices each day.
    2. 2. a little shop three blocks away from the town's main street located across the street from an elementary school and next door to an ice cream store
    3. 3. a stand-alone storefront on a quiet residential street ten blocks away from the town's center
    4. 4. a storefront in a small strip mall located on the outskirts of town that is also occupied by a pharmacy and a dry cleaner

2
This option is both near the center of town and in a location (near a school and an ice cream store) where children and their parents are sure to be around. This is the only option that meets both of Mark's requirements.

Q.- The neighborhood block association has received many complaints about people knocking on doors and soliciting money for an unknown charity organization even though door-to-door solicitation is prohibited by local laws. Three residents have provided descri

    1. 1. #1 #2 and #3
    2. 2. #1 but not #2 and #3
    3. 3. #1 and #3 but not #2
    4. 4. #1 and #2 but not #3

3
The solicitor described as #2 has a shaved head and is much taller and heavier than the solicitors described as #1 and #3. Therefore choices a and d which include #2 can be ruled out. Solicitors #1 #3 and #4 have such similar descriptions that the correct answer is clearly choice c.

Q.- Rita an accomplished pastry chef who is well known for her artistic and exquisite wedding cakes opened a bakery one year ago and is surprised that business has been so slow. A consultant she hired to conduct market research has reported that the local pop

    1. 1. making coupons available that entitle the coupon holder to receive a 25% discount on wedding anniversary or birthday cakes
    2. 2. exhibiting at the next Bridal Expo and having pieces of one of her wedding cakes available for tasting
    3. 3. placing a series of ads in the local newspaper that advertise the wide array of breads
    4. 4. moving the bakery to the other side of town

3
This is the only option that would encourage people to think of the bakery as a shop they would visit regularly and not just on special occasions.

Q.- Dr. Miller has a busy pediatric dentistry practice and she needs a skilled reliable hygienist to keep things running smoothly. The last two people she hired were recommended by top dentists in the area but they each lasted less than one month. She is now

    1. 1. Marilyn has been a hygienist for fifteen years and her current employer who is about to retire says she is the best in the business.
    2. 2. Lindy recently graduated at the top of her class from one of the best dental hygiene programs in the state. Prior to becoming a dental hygienist Lindy spent two years working in a day care center.
    3. 3. James has worked as a dental hygienist for three years and is very interested in securing a position in a private dental office.
    4. 4. Kathy is a recent passout and is looking for teacher's job so that she can work with children. She's ready to join.

2
The situation described indicates that Dr. Miller's practice presents some specific challenges namely that it is a busy environment with a child clientele. There is also some indication that even highly recommended experienced hygienists might not be cut out for Dr. Miller's office. There is nothing to suggest that Marilyn (choice a) or James (choice c) would be a good fit for Dr.Miller's practice. Kathy (choice d) has experience and she is also interested in working with children. However the fact that she hopes to become a preschool teacher in the not-too-distant future indicates that she might not be the kind of committed long-term employee that Dr. Miller needs. Lindy (choice b) with her hands-on experience working with children as well as a degree from a prestigious dental hygiene program is the most attractive candidate for the position based on the situation described

Q.- Mrs. Jansen recently moved to Arizona. She wants to fill her new backyard with flowering plants. Although she is an experienced gardener she isn't very well-versed in what plants will do well in the Arizona climate. Also there is a big tree in her backyar

    1. 1. The Rainbow Collection is ideal for North-east gardens. It includes a variety of colorful perennials that thrive in cool moist conditions.
    2. 2. The Greenhouse Collection will blossom year after year if planted in brightly lit locations and watered regularly.
    3. 3. The Treehouse Collection will provide lush green plants with delicate colorful flowers that thrive in shady and partially shady locations.
    4. 4. The Oasis Collection includes a variety of perennials that thrive in dry climates and bright sunlight.

3
The Treehouse Collection is the only package that can thrive in shady locations. Choice a requires a Northeastern climate. Choices b and d require bright sunlight.

Q.- Eileen is planning a special birthday dinner for her husband's 35th birthday. She wants the evening to be memorable but her husband is a simple man who would rather be in jeans at a baseball game than in a suit at a fancy restaurant. Which restaurant belo

    1. 1. Alfredo's offers fine Italian cuisine and an elegant Tuscan decor. Patrons will feel as though they've spent the evening in a luxurious Italian villa.
    2. 2. Pancho's Mexican Buffet is an all-you-can-eat family style smorgasbord with the best tacos in town.
    3. 3. The Parisian Bistro is a four-star French restaurant where guests are treated like royalty. Chef Dilbert Olay is famous for his beef bourguignon.
    4. 4. Marty's serves delicious hearty meals in a charming setting reminiscent of a baseball clubhouse in honor of the ownerMarty Lester a former major le

4
Marty's serves delicious hearty meals in a charming setting reminiscent of a baseball clubhouse in honor of the ownerMarty Lester a former major le

Q.- The film director wants an actress for the lead role of Lucy who perfectly fits the description that appears in the original screenplay. He is not willing to consider actresses who do not resemble the character as she is described in the screenplay no mat

    1. 1. 1 2
    2. 2. 2 3
    3. 3. 1 4
    4. 4. 2 4

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- The school principal has received complaints from parents about bullying in the school yard during recess. He wants to investigate and end this situation as soon as possible so he has asked the recess aides to watch closely. Which situation should the rec

    1. 1. A girl is sitting glumly on a bench reading a book and not interacting with her peers.
    2. 2. Four girls are surrounding another girl and seem to have possession of her backpack
    3. 3. Two boys are playing a one-on-one game of basketball and are arguing over the last basket scored.
    4. 4. Three boys are huddled over a handheld video game which isn't supposed to be on school grounds.

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- achary has invited his three buddies over to watch the basketball game on his wide-screen television. They are all hungry but no one wants to leave to get food. Just as they are arguing about who should make the food run a commercial comes on for a local

    1. 1. 995-9266
    2. 2. 995-9336
    3. 3. 995-9268
    4. 4. 995-8266

1
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Mark is working with a realtor to find a location for the toy store he plans to open in his town. He is looking for a place that is either in or not too far from the center of town and one that would attract the right kind of foot traffic. Which of the fo

    1. 1. a storefront in a new high-rise building near the train station in the center of town whose occupants are mainly young childless professionals who use the train to commute to their offices each day.
    2. 2. a little shop three blocks away from the town's main street located across the street from an elementary school and next door to an ice cream store
    3. 3. a stand-alone storefront on a quiet residential street ten blocks away from the town's center
    4. 4. a storefront in a small strip mall located on the outskirts of town that is also occupied by a pharmacy and a dry cleaner

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- The neighborhood block association has received many complaints about people knocking on doors and soliciting money for an unknown charity organization even though door-to-door solicitation is prohibited by local laws. Three residents have provided descri

    1. 1. #1 #2 and #3
    2. 2. #1 but not #2 and #3
    3. 3. #1 and #3 but not #2
    4. 4. #1 and #2 but not #3

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Rita an accomplished pastry chef who is well known for her artistic and exquisite wedding cakes opened a bakery one year ago and is surprised that business has been so slow. A consultant she hired to conduct market research has reported that the local pop

    1. 1. making coupons available that entitle the coupon holder to receive a 25% discount on wedding anniversary or birthday cakes
    2. 2. exhibiting at the next Bridal Expo and having pieces of one of her wedding cakes available for tasting
    3. 3. placing a series of ads in the local newspaper that advertise the wide array of breads
    4. 4. moving the bakery to the other side of town

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Dr. Miller has a busy pediatric dentistry practice and she needs a skilled reliable hygienist to keep things running smoothly. The last two people she hired were recommended by top dentists in the area but they each lasted less than one month. She is now

    1. 1. Marilyn has been a hygienist for fifteen years and her current employer who is about to retire says she is the best in the business. The clientele she has worked with consists of some of the wealthiest and most powerful citizens in the county.
    2. 2. Lindy recently graduated at the top of her class from one of the best dental hygiene programs in the state. Prior to becoming a dental hygienist Lindy spent two years working in a day care center.
    3. 3. James has worked as a dental hygienist for three years in a public health clinic. He is very interested in securing a position in a private dental office.
    4. 4. Kathy is an experienced and highly recommended dental hygienist who is also finishing up a degree in early childhood education which she hopes will g

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Mrs. Jansen recently moved to Arizona. She wants to fill her new backyard with flowering plants. Although she is an experienced gardener she isn't very well-versed in what plants will do well in the Arizona climate. Also there is a big tree in her backyar

    1. 1. The Rainbow Collection is ideal for North-east gardens. It includes a variety of colorful perennials that thrive in cool moist conditions
    2. 2. The Greenhouse Collection will blossom year after year if planted in brightly lit locations and watered regularly.
    3. 3. The Treehouse Collection will provide lush green plants with delicate colorful flowers that thrive in shady and partially shady locations.
    4. 4. The Oasis Collection includes a variety of perennials that thrive in dry climates and bright sunlight.

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- The school principal has received complaints from parents about bullying in the school yard during recess. He wants to investigate and end this situation as soon as possible so he has asked the recess aides to watch closely. Which situation should the rec

    1. 1. A girl is sitting glumly on a bench reading a book and not interacting with her peers.
    2. 2. Four girls are surrounding another girl and seem to have possession of her backpack.
    3. 3. Two boys are playing a one-on-one game of basketball and are arguing over the last basket scored.
    4. 4. Three boys are huddled over a handheld video game which isn't supposed to be on school grounds.

2
Seeing four girls surrounding another girl while in possession of her backpack is the most suspicious of the incidents described.

Q.- Devil is an enemy because he deceives the people.

    1. 1. Those who deceive the people are enemies
    2. 2. Enemies deceive the people
    3. 3. All those who deceive the men are devils
    4. 4. All of these .

1
If devil ceases to deceive the people he wil not remain the enemy. So option (1) is only correct.

Q.- If HIM means 936 and CAM means 39 what will be the code for MAP ?

    1. 1. 98
    2. 2. 114
    3. 3. 400
    4. 4. 208

4
HIM= 8 x 9 x 13 = 936 CAM = 3 x 1 x 13 =39 then MAP = 13 x lx 16 = 208

Q.- You have to judge each interference in context of the given passage and decide if the interference is true or false.Choose A - If the interference is definitely true. B -If the interference is probably true. C -If the interference is cannot be determined.

    1. 1. D
    2. 2. C
    3. 3. B
    4. 4. A

1
D follows

Q.- Suman Malhotra is a graduate with first class and has secured 60% marks in the written test. She has been working as an Officer for the last three years. She was born on 20th May 1972.

    1. 1. be a graduate with at least 50 % marks.
    2. 2. have secured atleast 40 % marks in the written test.
    3. 3. not be less than 24 years and more than 29 years as on 10th October 1997.
    4. 4. should have work experience of at least two years as an officer.

1
All conditions of eligibility are satisfied.

Q.- Nitin Narang was born on 25th August 1975. He has secured 60% and 50% marks in graduation and in the written test respectively. He has been working in an organisation as Officer for the last four years.

    1. 1. be a graduate with at least 50 % marks.
    2. 2. have secured atleast 40 % marks in the written test.
    3. 3. not be less than 24 years and more than 29 years as on 10th October 1997.
    4. 4. fulfils all other criteria except at (4) above but has a diploma in Marketing Management his/her case is to be referred to General Manager Marketing.

4
The candidate satisfies condition (6) instead of condition (3).

Q.- Manju sharma is a first class graduate and has done a diploma in Marketing Management. She has secured 50% marks in the written test. She was 23 years old as on 5th September 1996.

    1. 1. be a graduate with at least 50 % marks.
    2. 2. have secured atleast 40 % marks in the written test.
    3. 3. not be less than 24 years and more than 29 years as on 10th October 1997.
    4. 4. should have work experience of at least two years as an officer.

4
should have work experience of at least two years as an officer. It fullfills condition.

Q.- Rohit Verma has been working in an organisation as officer for the last ten years. His date of birth is 17th February 1964. He has secured 60% marks in the degree examination and 40% marks in the written test.

    1. 1. be a graduate with at least 50 % marks.
    2. 2. have secured atleast 40 % marks in the written test.
    3. 3. not be less than 24 years and more than 29 years as on 10th October 1997.
    4. 4. should have work experience of at least two years as an officer.

3
not be less than 24 years and more than 29 years as on 10th October 1997. It is fit for judgement.

Q.- Amit Khanna born on 5th june 1973 has done his post-graduation in Marketing Management with first class. He has secured 50 % marks in the written Test. He has been working in an organisation as a Marketing Officer for the last four years.

    1. 1. be a graduate with at least 50 % marks.
    2. 2. have secured atleast 40 % marks in the written test.
    3. 3. not be less than 24 years and more than 29 years as on 10th October 1997.
    4. 4. should have work experience of at least two years as an officer.

1
All conditions of eligibility are satisfied.

Q.- You have to judge each interference in context of the given passage and decide if the interference is true or false.Choose A - If the interference is definitely true. B -If the interference is probably true. C -If the interference is cannot be determined.

    1. 1. D
    2. 2. A
    3. 3. B
    4. 4. C

1
D -If the interference is probably false.

Q.- You have to judge each interference in context of the given passage and decide if the interference is true or false.Choose A - If the interference is definitely true. B -If the interference is probably true. C -If the interference is cannot be determined.

    1. 1. A
    2. 2. B
    3. 3. C
    4. 4. D

3
If the interference is cannot be determined.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: At a small company parking spaces are reserved for the top executives: CEO president vice president secretary and treasurer with the spaces lined up in that order. The parking lot guard can tell a

    1. 1. green
    2. 2. yello
    3. 3. blue
    4. 4. purple

1
The vice president's car cannot be red because that is the CEO's car which is in the first space. Nor can it be purple because that is the treasurer's car which is in the last space or yellow because that is the secretary's. The president's car must be blue because it is parked between a red car (in the first space) and a green car which must be the vice president's.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: At a small company parking spaces are reserved for the top executives: CEO president vice president secretary and treasurer with the spaces lined up in that order. The parking lot guard can tell a

    1. 1. Alice
    2. 2. Bert
    3. 3. Cheryl
    4. 4. David

3
The CEO drives a red car and parks in the first space. Enid drives a green car; Bert's car is not in the first space; David's is not in the first space but the last. Alice's car is parked next to David's so Cheryl is the CEO.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: At a small company parking spaces are reserved for the top executives: CEO president vice president secretary and treasurer with the spaces lined up in that order. The parking lot guard can tell a

    1. 1. Enid
    2. 2. David
    3. 3. Cheryl
    4. 4. Alice

4
Cheryl cannot be the secretary since she's the CEO nor can Enid because she drives a green car and the secretary drives a yellow car. David's the purple car is in the last space. Alice is the secretary because her car is parked next to David's which is where the secretary's car is parked.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Five cities all got more rain than usual this year. The five cities are: Last Stand Mile City New Town Olliopolis and Polberg. The cities are located in five different areas of the country: the mo

    1. 1. Last Stand
    2. 2. Mile City
    3. 3. New Town
    4. 4. Olliopolis

1
Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain. Last Stand got more rain than that so it got 65 inches which is the most.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Five cities all got more rain than usual this year. The five cities are: Last Stand Mile City New Town Olliopolis and Polberg. The cities are located in five different areas of the country: the mo

    1. 1. 12 inches
    2. 2. 27 inches
    3. 3. 32 inches
    4. 4. 44 inches

2
Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain Last Stand got 65 and Polberg got 12. New Town is in the mountains and the city in the mountains got 32 inches of rain. Therefore Mile City got 27.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Five cities all got more rain than usual this year. The five cities are: Last Stand Mile City New Town Olliopolis and Polberg. The cities are located in five different areas of the country: the mo

    1. 1. Last Stand
    2. 2. Mile City
    3. 3. New Town
    4. 4. Polberg

4
The city that got the least rain is in the desert. New Town is in the mountains. Last Stand got more rain than Olliopolis so it cannot be the city with the least rain; alsoMile City cannot be the city with the least rain. Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain. Therefore Polberg is in the desert and got 12 inches of rain.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions : Five cities all got more rain than usual this year. The five cities are: Last Stand Mile City New Town Olliopolis and Polberg. The cities are located in five different areas of the country: the m

    1. 1. the mountains
    2. 2. the coast
    3. 3. in a valley
    4. 4. the desert

3
Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain so it is not in the desert or the forest. The city in the mountains got 32 inches of rain; the coast 27. Therefore Olliopolis is in a valley.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions : Five roommates Randy Sally Terry Uma and Vernon each do one housekeeping task mopping sweeping laundry vacuuming or dusting one day a week Monday through Friday. Vernon does not vacuum and does

    1. 1. vacumming
    2. 2. dusting
    3. 3. mopping
    4. 4. sweeping

4
Terry does not dust mop do laundry or vacuum. Therefore Terry does the sweeping on Wednesday.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions : Five roommates Randy Sally Terry Uma and Vernon each do one housekeeping task mopping sweeping laundry vacuuming or dusting one day a week Monday through Friday. Vernon does not vacuum and does

    1. 1. Monday
    2. 2. Tuesday
    3. 3. Wednesday
    4. 4. Thursday

4
Uma does the mopping which is done on Thursday.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions : Five roommates Randy Sally Terry Uma and Vernon each do one housekeeping task mopping sweeping laundry vacuuming or dusting one day a week Monday through Friday. Vernon does not vacuum and does

    1. 1. Friday
    2. 2. Monday
    3. 3. Tuesday
    4. 4. Wednesday

2
Dusting is on Tuesday sweeping is on Wednesday mopping is on Thursday and laundry is on Friday. Therefore the vacuuming is done on Monday.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: At a small company parking spaces are reserved for the top executives: CEO president vice president secretary and treasurer with the spaces lined up in that order. The parking lot guard can tell a

    1. 1. Enid
    2. 2. David
    3. 3. Cheryl
    4. 4. Alice

4
Cheryl cannot be the secretary since she's the CEO nor can Enid because she drives a green car and the secretary drives a yellow car. David's the purple car is in the last space. Alice is the secretary because her car is parked next to David's which is where the secretary's car is parked.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: At a small company parking spaces are reserved for the top executives: CEO president vice president secretary and treasurer with the spaces lined up in that order. The parking lot guard can tell a

    1. 1. Alice
    2. 2. Bert
    3. 3. Cheryl
    4. 4. David

3
The CEO drives a red car and parks in the first space. Enid drives a green car; Bert's car is not in the first space; David's is not in the first space but the last. Alice's car is parked next to David's so Cheryl is the CEO.

Q.- At a small company parking spaces are reserved for the top executives: CEO president vice president secretary and treasurer with the spaces lined up in that order. The parking lot guard can tell at a glance if the cars are parked correctly by looking at t

    1. 1. green
    2. 2. yellow
    3. 3. blue
    4. 4. purple

1
The vice president's car cannot be red because that is the CEO's car which is in the first space. Nor can it be purple because that is the treasurer's car which is in the last space or yellow because that is the secretary's. The president's car must be blue because it is parked between a red car (in the first space) and a green car which must be the vice president's.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Five cities all got more rain than usual this year. The five cities are: Last Stand Mile City New Town Olliopolis and Polberg. The cities are located in five different areas of the country: the mo

    1. 1. the mountains
    2. 2. the coast
    3. 3. in a valley
    4. 4. the desert

3
Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain so it is not in the desert or the forest. The city in the mountains got 32 inches of rain; the coast 27. Therefore Olliopolis is in a valley.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Five cities all got more rain than usual this year. The five cities are: Last Stand Mile City New Town Olliopolis and Polberg. The cities are located in five different areas of the country: the mo

    1. 1. Last Stand
    2. 2. Mile City
    3. 3. New Town
    4. 4. Polberg

4
The city that got the least rain is in the desert. New Town is in the mountains. Last Stand got more rain than Olliopolis so it cannot be the city with the least rain; alsoMile City cannot be the city with the least rain. Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain. Therefore Polberg is in the desert and got 12 inches of rain.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Five cities all got more rain than usual this year. The five cities are: Last Stand Mile City New Town Olliopolis and Polberg. The cities are located in five different areas of the country: the mo

    1. 1. 12 inches
    2. 2. 27 inches
    3. 3. 32 inches
    4. 4. 44 inches

2
Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain Last Stand got 65 and Polberg got 12. New Town is in the mountains and the city in the mountains got 32 inches of rain. Therefore Mile City got 27.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Five cities all got more rain than usual this year. The five cities are: Last Stand Mile City New Town Olliopolis and Polberg. The cities are located in five different areas of the country: the mo

    1. 1. Last Stand
    2. 2. Mile City
    3. 3. New Town
    4. 4. Olliopolis

1
Olliopolis got 44 inches of rain. Last Stand got more rain than that so it got 65 inches which is the most.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Five roommates Randy Sally Terry Uma and Vernon each do one housekeeping task mopping sweeping laundry vacuuming or dusting one day a week Monday through Friday. * Vernon does not vacuum and does

    1. 1. vacuuming
    2. 2. dusting
    3. 3. mopping
    4. 4. sweeping

4
Terry does not dust mop do laundry or vacuum. Therefore Terry does the sweeping on Wednesday.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Five roommates Randy Sally Terry Uma and Vernon each do one housekeeping task mopping sweeping laundry vacuuming or dusting one day a week Monday through Friday. * Vernon does not vacuum and does

    1. 1. Monday
    2. 2. Tuesday
    3. 3. Wednesday
    4. 4. Thursday

4
Uma does the mopping which is done on Thursday.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Five roommates Randy Sally Terry Uma and Vernon each do one housekeeping task mopping sweeping laundry vacuuming or dusting one day a week Monday through Friday. * Vernon does not vacuum and does

    1. 1. Friday
    2. 2. Monday
    3. 3. Tuesday
    4. 4. Wednesday

2
Dusting is on Tuesday sweeping is on Wednesday mopping is on Thursday and laundry is on Friday. Therefore the vacuuming is done on Monday.

Q.- There is a group of friends - Ramesh Suresh Ritesh Paresh Mitesh Mangesh Dinesh studying in the same class. Each one of them speak a different language- English Marathi Hindi Gujarati Bengali Tamil and Malyalam. Each of them secured different marks in the

    1. 1. Marathi
    2. 2. Hindi
    3. 3. English
    4. 4. Tamil

1
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Seven girls- Sona Tina Reena Sheena Meena Beena & Neena teach seven activities- Painting singing dancing cooking swimming shooting and skating not necessarily in the same order from Monday-Friday. Each girl teaches a different activity. Not more than two

    1. 1. Monday
    2. 2. Wednesday
    3. 3. Friday
    4. 4. None of these.

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Aditya Bala Chinmay Darsh Eliza and Farida stay in different areas namely Matunga Mulund Sion Dadar Kurla and Bhandup. Each of them has different musical instruments- Guitar Keyboard Violin Tablas Flue and Octopad not necessarily in the same order. The on

    1. 1. Bala
    2. 2. Farida
    3. 3. Aditya
    4. 4. Cannot be determined

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Ananya Aishwaria Arpita Anjana & Aparna have total five bags each of different color- Blue Green Red Orange and Pink. Each girl has only one bag. Pink bag is not owned by Aparna and Arpita. Ananya has a Red bag. Green bag is owned neither by Anjana nor by

    1. 1. Blue
    2. 2. Green
    3. 3. Neither Blue nor Green
    4. 4. Cannot be determined

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- There is a group of friends - Ramesh Suresh Ritesh Paresh Mitesh Mangesh Dinesh studying in the same class. Each one of them speak a different language- English Marathi Hindi Gujarati Bengali Tamil and Malyalam. Each of them secured different marks in the

    1. 1. English
    2. 2. Hindi
    3. 3. Marathi
    4. 4. Bengali

1
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Seven girls- Sona Tina Reena Sheena Meena Beena & Neena teach seven activities- Painting singing dancing cooking swimming shooting and skating not necessarily in the same order from Monday-Friday. Each girl teaches a different activity. Not more than two

    1. 1. Tina Sheena
    2. 2. Tina Beena
    3. 3. Tina Sona
    4. 4. Tina Meena

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Aditya Bala Chinmay Darsh Eliza and Farida stay in different areas namely Matunga Mulund Sion Dadar Kurla and Bhandup. Each of them has different musical instruments- Guitar Keyboard Violin Tablas Flue and Octopad not necessarily in the same order. The on

    1. 1. Farida
    2. 2. Eliza
    3. 3. Bala
    4. 4. None of these

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Ananya Aishwaria Arpita Anjana & Aparna have total five bags each of different color- Blue Green Red Orange and Pink. Each girl has only one bag. Pink bag is not owned by Aparna and Arpita. Ananya has a Red bag. Green bag is owned neither by Anjana nor by

    1. 1. Anjana
    2. 2. Aishwaria
    3. 3. Either Anjana or Aishwaria
    4. 4. Cannot be determined.

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Aditya Bala Chinmay Darsh Eliza and Farida stay in different areas namely Matunga Mulund Sion Dadar Kurla and Bhandup. Each of them has different musical instruments- Guitar Keyboard Violin Tablas Flue and Octopad not necessarily in the same order. The on

    1. 1. Mulund
    2. 2. Dadar
    3. 3. Bhandup
    4. 4. Cannot be determined

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Seven girls- Sona Tina Reena Sheena Meena Beena & Neena teach seven activities- Painting singing dancing cooking swimming shooting and skating not necessarily in the same order from Monday-Friday. Each girl teaches a different activity. Not more than two

    1. 1. Singing
    2. 2. Shooting
    3. 3. Dancing
    4. 4. Painting

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Statement: India has been continuously experiencing military threats from its neighbouring countries. Courses of Action: India should engage into an all out war to stop the nagging threats. India should get the neighbours into a serious dialogue to redu

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
Clearly war is the last resort. First peaceful talks and negotiations should be indulged in to settle the issues of dispute. So only course II follows.

Q.- Statement: The Finance Minister submits his resignation a month before the new budget is to be presented in the Parliament. Courses of Action: The resignation should be accepted and another person should be appointed as the Finance Minister. The resigna

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
Clearly an already working Finance Minister shall know better all the plans and resources of the Government and he alone can present a suitable budget. So course II follows.

Q.- Statement: Youngsters are often found staring at obscene posters. Courses of Action: Children should be punished and penalized if they are found doing so. Any display of such material should be banned.

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
Bad things attract more and punishment after the act has been committed is no remedy. The act should be prevented. So only course II follows.

Q.- Statement: Most of the development plans develop in papers only. Courses of Action: The in-charges should be instructed to supervise the field-work regularly. The supply of paper to such departments should be cut short.

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
Clearly proper supervision alone can see the development in practice. So only course I follows.

Q.- Statement: On an average about twenty people are run over by trains and die every day while crossing the railway tracks through the level crossing. Courses of Action: The railway authorities should be instructed to close all the level crossings. Those w

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
The accidents can clearly be prevented by barring people from crossing the tracks when the gates are closed So only II follows.

Q.- Statement: Majority of the students in many schools do not pass in the final examination. Courses of Action: These schools should be closed down as these have become unproductive. Theteachers of these schools should immediately be retrenched.

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
Clearly the situation demands that efforts be made to remove the lackenings in the present system of education and adequate measures be taken to improve the performance of students. Harsh measures as those given in I and II won't help. So none of the given courses follows.

Q.- Statement: The Central Bureau of Investigation receives the complaint of an officer taking bribe to do the duty he is supposed to. Courses of Action: CBI should try to catch the officer red-handed and then take a strict action against him. CBI should wa

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
Clearly one complaint is enough for a wrong doing. This should be confirmed by catching the guilty red-handed and then strict action taken against him. So only course I follows.

Q.- Statement: The sale of a particular product has gone down considerably causing great concern to the company. Courses of Action: The company should make a proper study of rival products in the market. The price of the product should be reduced and qualit

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
Clearly a study of rival products in the market will help assess the cause for the lowering down of sales and then a suitable action can be taken. Thus only I follow.

Q.- Statement: As stated in the recent census report the female to male ratio is alarmingly low. Courses of Action: The government should conduct another census to verify the results. The government should immediately issue orders to all the departments to

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Either I or II follows

2
A census is always conducted with the utmost precision leaving chances of only negligible differences. So I does not follow. Further the ratio can be improved by creating awareness among the masses and abolishing female foeticide. Thus only course II follows.

Q.- Statement: Severe drought is reported to have set in several parts of the country. Courses of Action: Government should immediately make arrangement for providing financial assistance to those affected. Food water and fodder should immediately be sent t

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
In the break-out of a natural calamity the basic duty of the government becomes to provide the basic amenities essential to save the lives of people and cattle. Providing financial assistance to all would put undue burden on the country's resources. So only II follows.

Q.- Statement: The Indian electronic component industry venturing into the West European markets faces tough competition from the Japanese. Courses of Action: I. India should search for other international markets for its products. II. India should impr

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
An escapist's attitude does not help much. The need is to compete and emerge successful. So only course II follows.

Q.- Statement: Orissa and Andhra Pradesh have agreed in principle to set up a joint control board for better control management and productivity of several inter-state multipurpose projects. Courses of Action: I. Other neighbouring states should set up suc

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
The effectiveness of such Control Boards is established by the fact that Orissa and A.P. have agreed to it for better control of its multipurpose projects. So only course I follows.

Q.- Statement: The Government has decided not to provide financial support to voluntary organisations from next Five Year Plan and has communicated that all such organisations should raise funds to meet their financial needs. Courses of Action: I. Voluntar

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
The problem arising is shortage of funds. So alternative sources of financial support need to be worked out first. Thus only course II follows.

Q.- Statement: The availability of imported fruits has increased in the indigenous market and so the demand for indigenous fruits has been decreased. Courses of Action: I. To help the indigenous producers of fruits the Government should impose high import

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
The ideas suggested in both I and II represent unfair means to cut competition. The correct way would be to devise methods and techniques such that the indigenous producers could produce better quality fruits and make them available in the market at prices comparable with those of the imported ones. Hence neither I nor II follows.

Q.- Statement: There has been an unprecedented increase in the number of successful candidates in this year's School Leaving Certificate Examination. Courses of Action: I. The government should make arrangements to increase number of seats of intermediate

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
The increase may not be a permanent one. So it's better not to open new colleges but increase seats in the existing colleges. So only I follow.

Q.- Statement: On an average about twenty people are run over by trains and die every day while crossing the railway tracks through the level crossing. Courses of Action: I. The railway authorities should be instructed to close all the level crossings. II.

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
The accidents can clearly be prevented by barring people from crossing the tracks when the gates are closed So only II follows.

Q.- Statement: Majority of the students in many schools do not pass in the final examination. Courses of Action: I. These schools should be closed down as these have become unproductive. II. The teachers of these schools should immediately be retrenched

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
Clearly the situation demands that efforts be made to remove the lackenings in the present system of education and adequate measures be taken to improve the performance of students. Harsh measures as those given in I and II won't help. So none of the given courses follows.

Q.- Statement: In spite of the Principal's repeated warnings a child was caught exploding crackers secretly in the school. Courses of Action: I. All the crackers should be taken away from the child and he should be threatened not to do it again. II. The

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. either I nor II follows

2
Since the act has been repeated despite various warnings so course I would only be another warning and would not help. Severe punishment to set example for him and others is inevitable. Thus course II shall follow.

Q.- Statement: It is necessary to adopt suitable measures to prevent repetition of bad debts by learning from the past experiences of mounting non-performing assets of banks. Courses of Action: I. Before granting loan to customers their eligibility for loa

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Both I and II follow

4
To ensure that debts taken are repaid promptly the customer's requirements and future prospects ought to be studied and their work constantly checked. Thus both the courses follow.

Q.- Statement: A very large number of students have failed in the final high school examination due to faulty questions in one of the subjects. Courses of Action: I. All the students who have failed in the subject should be allowed to take supplementary ex

    1. 1. Only I follows
    2. 2. Only II follows
    3. 3. Both I and II follow
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

3
There being faulty questions in the examination paper is a blunder on the part of school management and students should not be made to suffer on account of this. Thus a re-test should be organised for the students and those responsible for the error be penalised to prevent reoccurrence of such mistake in the future. Hence both the courses follow.

Q.- Evaluating Course of Action. Statement: The chairman of the car company announced in the meeting that all trial of its first product the new car model 'M' are over and company plans to launch its car in the marked after six months. Courses of action: I. T

    1. 1. I and III only
    2. 2. Only I
    3. 3. All the three
    4. 4. Only II

1
Once the trails are over the best availability of material managerial and other resources is necessary to maintain production schedule. Hence III follows. As mentioned in the statement 'model M is its first product' so it is necessary to finalise the network of dealers and all matters regarding the sale of the product. Hence I follows. II has no connection with the statement.

Q.- Statement: The meteorological department has predicted good monsoon this year for the tenth consecutive year and this will result in good crop yield. Courses of action: I. The govt should offload the stores before harvesting. II. The govt should provide c

    1. 1. If only I follows
    2. 2. If only II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

1
I is advisable to be prepared for the storage of the new crop. II is not relevant.

Q.- Statement: Three persons were caught with huge arms and ammunition in the city. Courses of action: I. The police should be instructed for night patrolling. II. The three persons should be set free and their movements should be carefully watched to nab the

    1. 1. If only I follows
    2. 2. If only II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

4
I is rejected because generally the police patrols at night too. II is not advisable because it involves risk.

Q.- Statement: It is reported that though vitamin E present in fresh fruits and fresh vegetables is beneficial for human body capsuled vitamin E does not have same effect on human body. Courses of action: I. The sale of capsuled vitamin E should be banned. I

    1. 1. If only I follows
    2. 2. If only II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

2
I is illogical because vitamin E capsule is also useful even if less effective. Action II is more useful and effective.

Q.- Statement: A very large number of students have failed in the final high school examination due to faulty questions in one of the subjects. Courses of action: I. All the students who have failed in that subject should be allowed to take supplementary exam

    1. 1. If only I follows
    2. 2. If only II follows
    3. 3. If both I and II follow
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

3
I is advisable because it will give an opportunity to the victims of the faulty question paper. II is also advisable because disciplinary action taken against the persons responsible for faulty question paper will give the right message to other such persons.

Q.- Statement: There have been a large number of cases of Internet hacking in the recent months creating panic among the internet users. Courses of action: I. The govt machinery should make an all out effort to nab who are responsible and put them behind bars

    1. 1. If only I follows
    2. 2. If only II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

1
I is advisable because fear of punishment restricts people from doing offence. Hence the number of cases of Internet hacking is likely to reduce. II is not advisable because it will hamper the work of Internet users.

Q.- Statement: While laying pipes for one of the utility companies a huge fire broke out due to damage to the pipeline. Courses of action: I. All the licences of the utility company should immediately be suspended pending enquiry into the incidence. II. Peopl

    1. 1. If only I follows
    2. 2. If only II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

4
I is not advisable because it is an extreme action. Why should all the licences of the utility company be immediately suspended? II is not advisable because to avoid burn injuries people should be away from the place of incident but not necessarily indoors.

Q.- Statement: Many students who passed SSC could not get admission in the Junior Colleges due to less number of seats in the colleges. Courses of action: I. The government should arrange additional seats in the colleges for the students immediately. II. The

    1. 1. If only I follows
    2. 2. If only II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

2
I does not follow because there are a large number of victims. Additional seats will not solve the problems of those students because it may compromise on the quality of education. II is advisable because it will solve the problem to some extent.

Q.- Statement: The company 'X' has rejected first lot of values supplied by company 'A' and has cancelled its entire huge order quoting use of inferior quality material and poor craftsmanship. Courses of action: I. The company 'A' needs to investigate functio

    1. 1. Only I and II
    2. 2. Only II
    3. 3. All I II and III
    4. 4. II and either I or III

3
As in the statement it is mentioned 'rejection due to inferior quality material and poor craftsmanship' it is well known that purchase dept is responsible for purchasing the inferior quality material. Again production dept is responsible for improper inspection. Hence investigation is compulsory for all the departments. Hence I follows. II follows because claim of company 'X' may be wrong. III follows because relationships with a previous client should always be kept up.

Q.- Statement: The state 'K' is expecting bumper crop of rice this under its 'Rice Purchase Guarantee Scheme'. Courses of action: I. Other farmers should also start cultivation of rice from the next year. II. The price of rice will increase in the open market

    1. 1. If only I follows
    2. 2. If only II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

4
Other crops are as important as rice. Hence shifting to rice production by all farmers would not be a sensible decision. Besides next year the situation may change. Hence I does not follow. II is not a course of action.

Q.- Statements: I. All the schools in the area had to be kept closed for most part of the week. II. Many parents have withdrawn their children from the local schools.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

4
Closing the schools for a week and the parents withdrawing their children from the local schools are independent issues which must have been triggered by different individual causes.

Q.- Statements: I. The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months. II. The crude oil prices in the international market have gone up substantially in the last few months.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

4
The prices of petrol and diesel being stagnant in the domestic market and the increase in the same in the international market must be backed by independent causes.

Q.- Statements: I. The literacy rate in the district has been increasing for the last four years. II. The district administration has conducted extensive training programme for the workers involved in the literacy drive.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

2
Clearly the increase in the literacy rate may be attributed directly to the stringent efforts of the district administration in this direction.

Q.- Statements: I. There is sharp decline in the production of oil seeds this year. II. The Government has decided to increase the import quantum of edible oil.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

1
A sharp decline in oilseed production is bound to reduce oil supply and import of oil is the only means to restore the essential supply.

Q.- Statements: I. It is the aim of the city's civic authority to get the air pollution reduced by 20% in the next two months. II. The number of asthma cases in the city is constantly increasing.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

2
The increase in number of asthma cases must have alerted the authorities to take action to control air pollution that triggers the disease.

Q.- Statements: I. Police resorted to lathi-charge to disperse the unlawful gathering of large number of people. II. The citizens' forum called a general strike in protest against the police atrocities.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

2
Clearly the people's mass protest against the police might have instigated the latter to indulge in lathi-charge to disperse the mob.

Q.- Statements: I. Majority of the citizens in the locality belongs to higher income group. II. The sales in the local super market are comparatively much higher than in other localities.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

1
The comparatively higher sales in a particular locality are indicative of the high paying capacity of the residents of that locality.

Q.- Statements: I. The prices of vegetables have been increased considerably during this summer. II. There is tremendous increase in the temperature during this summer thereby damaging crops greatly.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

2
Clearly damage to crops due to high temperature may have resulted in a short supply of vegetables and hence an increase in their prices.

Q.- Statements: I. Most of the steel producing companies in the country have made considerable profit during the last financial year. II. Many Asian countries have been importing huge quantities of steel from India.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

2
The increase in demand of steel from other countries is bound to enhance business and hence profitability of steel companies in India.

Q.- Statements: I. There is increase in water level of all the water tanks supplying drinking water to the city during the last fortnight. II. Most of the trains were cancelled last week due to water-logging on the tracks.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

4
The problems discussed in both the statements are clearly the result of heavy downpour in the area.

Q.- Statements: I. The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months. II. The crude oil prices in the international market have gone up substantially in the last few months.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Statements: I. The government has recently fixed the fees for professional courses offered by the unaided institutions which are much lower than the fees charged last year. II. The parents of the aspiring students launched a severe agitation last year

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Statements: I. The Reserve Bank of India has recently put restrictions on few small banks in the country. II. The small banks in the private and co-operative sector in India are not in a position to withstand the competitions of the bigger in the publ

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Statements: I. All the schools in the area had to be kept closed for most part of the week. II. Many parents have withdrawn their children from the local schools.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Statements: I. India has surpassed the value of tea exports this year over all the earlier years due to an increase in demand for quality tea in the European market. II. There is an increase in demand of coffee in the domestic market during the last

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Statements: I. There is unprecedented increase in the number of young unemployed in comparison to the previous year. II. A large number of candidates submitted applications against an advertisement for the post of manager issued by a bank.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are independent causes

1
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Statements: I. The police authority has recently caught a group of house breakers. II. The citizens group in the locality have started night vigil in the area.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Statements: I. The life today is too fast demanding and full of variety in all aspects which at times leads to stressful situations. II. Number of suicide cases among teenagers is on increase.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

1
Stress in everyday life is a major cause of frustration among the youth and is bound to lead them to take harsh steps as suicide.

Q.- Statements: I. Majority of the citizens in the locality belongs to higher income group. II. The sales in the local super market are comparatively much higher than in other localities.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

1
The comparatively higher sales in a particular locality are indicative of the high paying capacity of the residents of that locality.

Q.- Statements: I. Police resorted to lathi-charge to disperse the unlawful gathering of large number of people. II. The citizens' forum called a general strike in protest against the police atrocities.

    1. 1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
    2. 2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
    3. 3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
    4. 4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes

2
Clearly the people's mass protest against the police might have instigated the latter to indulge in lathi-charge to disperse the mob.

Q.- (A) Recently an Air India Airbus was grounded in Delhi because of a technical snag. (B) Air India faces a severe shortage of maintenance engineers.

    1. 1. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
    2. 2. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
    3. 3. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
    4. 4. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

2
As Air India is facing a severe shortage of maintenance engineers the technical snags is a common sight. Hence (B) is the cause and (A) is the effect.

Q.- (A) The Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) sector is on a hiring spree as it is likely to employ 23 lakh people by 2010. (B) Soaring property prices have led the companies to move to Tier II and Tier III cities.

    1. 1. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
    2. 2. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
    3. 3. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
    4. 4. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

4
(A) and (B) are referring to different aspects of economy. Hence they are effects of independent causes.

Q.- (A) Shinzo Abi has resigned as the Prime Minister of Japan. (B) This is an ignominious exit for Shinzo Abi who was once received as the standard bearer of the new generation of Japanese politicians.

    1. 1. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
    2. 2. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
    3. 3. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
    4. 4. if both the statements are effect of some common causes.

4
The reason for the exit being ignominious and his resignation are one and the same. Hence (A) and (B) are effects of a common cause.

Q.- The problem of child labour has reached epidemic proportions in India with the number of child labourers increasing from 12 million to over 40 million child workers. (B) India has the worlds largest number of child labourers.

    1. 1. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
    2. 2. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
    3. 3. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
    4. 4. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

1
The increase in child labour lead to India becoming the country with largest number of child labourers.

Q.- (A) Recently an Air India Airbus was grounded in Delhi because of a technical snag. (B) Air India faces a severe shortage of maintenance engineers.

    1. 1. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
    2. 2. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
    3. 3. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
    4. 4. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

2
As Air India is facing a severe shortage of maintenance engineers the technical snags is a common sight. Hence (B) is the cause and (A) is the effect.

Q.- The forest department has found several deadly tiger traps in the forests which fall under Maharashtra tiger reserve. These traps are usually laid by African nomads. Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause?

    1. 1. The local people and the officials may be alerted of movements of African nationals who look different by their wears and traits.
    2. 2. A fencing may be constructed all around the reserve.
    3. 3. all the tigers from the reserve may be shifted to zoos.
    4. 4. The government may send army personnel to comb the place to find if there are more such traps.

1
Since the traps are identified as the ones laid by Africa nomads it becomes easy to catch them because they look different from the local people. By alerting the local people and the Forest department officials the culprits can be caught. This is a possible effect. Hence (1) is a possible effect. Constructing a fence around the reserve is not practically possible. Hence (2) is not a possible effect. Catching the tigers in open forests and shifting them to zoos is not practically possible. Hence (3) is not a possible effect. Armed personnel are not required to search for traps. Hence (4) is not a possible effect. Hence (1) is a possible effect.

Q.- Effect: A large number people prefer platinum ornaments to gold ornaments. Which of the following can be a possible cause for the above effect?

    1. 1. The price of gold ornaments has increased significantly.
    2. 2. The price of platinum ornaments decrease significantly.
    3. 3. The difference in the prices of gold and platinum ornament became very narrow and wearing platinum ornaments has become a fashion now.
    4. 4. Platinum is a very costly metal.

3
We need to find a possible reason for people shifting from gold ornaments to platinum ornaments. Choice (1) and (2) talk about prices of gold and platinum ornaments individually but does not make any comparison between their prices. Choice (3) states that the prices of gold and platinum ornaments is almost equal and wearing platinum ornaments is more fashionable than wearing gold ornaments. This is a possible reason why people prefer platinum ornaments to those of gold. Choice (4) deters people from preferring platinum ornaments. Hence (3) is a possible cause.

Q.- Cause: It is found that the computer of one of the top officials in the Prime Minister's office is hacked. Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause?

    1. 1. The government may stop providing computers to top officials.
    2. 2. The government may order immediate change of security features on all computers used by top officials.
    3. 3. the government may ask all top officials to stop using computers for any government related work.
    4. 4. The government may ask all the top officials to take a back up of all the data in their computers immediately.

2
The hacking of computers of a top official may raises security concerns because the top official may be dealing with such issues which need to be held under strict secrecy. Choice (1) and (3) may not take place because without computers the storage and recovery of data becomes difficult and time consuming. Choice (2) may take place because government may first safe guard the computers of other top officials from being hacked. Loss of data is not the matter here. The problem is that the data is being accessed by unauthorised persons. Hence (4) is not a possible effect. Hence (2) is a possible cause.

Q.- Effect: The government has decided to take up the irrigation projects on war footing and complete all of them in the next two years. Which of the following can be possible cause for the above effect?

    1. 1. The farmers in drought prone areas can look forward to brighter days.
    2. 2. Scientists predicted very low rainfall for the next seven years.
    3. 3. The ruling party may get good support from the agriculturists.
    4. 4. Frequent floods are causing havoc in the life of those living in low lying areas.

2
Choice (1) indicates what happens on completion of projects. It is not a cause. According to (2) there is apprehension that rainfall may be very less in near future. This may prompt the government to complete the irrigation projects at the earliest. Hence (2) is a possible cause. Choice (3) talks about the political gain that the government may get by completing the projects. It is an after effect but not a cause. Floods do not have any relation to project works. Hence (4) is not a possible cause.

Q.- Cause: The govern of India has instructed the mobile phone service providers to remove roaming charges and charge all calls across different states at local call rates with effect from the next month. Which of the following can be a possible effect of the

    1. 1. All mobile phone service providers will start providing services in different states in different service provider names.
    2. 2. The mobile phone service providers will increase the local call charges.
    3. 3. The telephone bills of STD callers will be comparatively lower than before.
    4. 4. It becomes easy for consumers in choosing the mobile phone service provider.

3
When the government issues an order the service providers either make a arrangements to implement it or arise objections if any with the government. There can also be changed at the operational level. Choice (1) does not make any difference in the revenue for the company moreover the customers base may decrease. Choice (2) may reduce the customer base or it mat also violate the norms. Hence (2) is not a possible effect. Choice (3) is a possible consequence because when calls any where in the country is made a local call direct dialing without STD becomes possible. Hence (3) is a possible effect. By considering calls through out the country as local calls does not have any effect on the choice of the service providers. Hence (4) is not a possible effect.

Q.- Which word does NOT belong with the others?

    1. 1. book
    2. 2. index
    3. 3. glossary
    4. 4. chapter

1
An index glossary and chapter are all parts of a book. Choice a does not belong because the book is the whole not a part.

Q.- Which word does NOT belong with the others?

    1. 1. cornea
    2. 2. retina
    3. 3. pupil
    4. 4. vision

4
The cornea retina and pupil are all parts of the eye.

Q.- Which word does NOT belong with the others?

    1. 1. couch
    2. 2. rug
    3. 3. table
    4. 4. chair

2
The couch table and chair are pieces of furniture; the rug is not.

Q.- Which word does NOT belong with the others?

    1. 1. leopard
    2. 2. cougar
    3. 3. elephant
    4. 4. lion

3
A leopard cougar and lion all belong to the cat family; an elephant does not.

Q.- Which word does NOT belong with the others?

    1. 1. tape
    2. 2. twine
    3. 3. cord
    4. 4. yarn

1
The yarn twine and cord are all used for tying. The tape is not used in the same way.

Q.- Which word does NOT belong with the others?

    1. 1. guitar
    2. 2. flute
    3. 3. violin
    4. 4. cello

2
The guitar violin and cello are stringed instruments; the flute is a wind instrument.

Q.- Which word does NOT belong with the others?

    1. 1. dodge
    2. 2. flee
    3. 3. duck
    4. 4. avoid

2
Dodge duck and avoid are all synonyms meaning evade. Flee means to run away from.

Q.- Which word does NOT belong with the others?

    1. 1. branch
    2. 2. dirt
    3. 3. leaf
    4. 4. root

2
A branch leaf and root are all parts of a tree. The dirt underneath is not a part of the tree.

Q.- Which word does NOT belong with the others?

    1. 1. heading
    2. 2. body
    3. 3. letter
    4. 4. closing

3
Heading body and closing are all parts of a letter; the letter is the whole not a part.

Q.- Which word does NOT belong with the others?

    1. 1. tulip
    2. 2. rose
    3. 3. bud
    4. 4. daisy

3
Tulip rose and daisy are all types of flowers. A bud is not.

Q.- Find the odd one out

    1. 1. Nile
    2. 2. Amazon
    3. 3. Congo
    4. 4. Niagara

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Find the odd one out

    1. 1. Anger
    2. 2. Grief
    3. 3. Humorous
    4. 4. Kindness

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Find the odd one out

    1. 1. Snore
    2. 2. Slumber
    3. 3. Dream
    4. 4. Yawn

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Find the odd one out

    1. 1. Kiwi
    2. 2. Ostrich
    3. 3. Eagle
    4. 4. Penguin

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Find the odd one out

    1. 1. Mermaid
    2. 2. Sphinx
    3. 3. Unicorn
    4. 4. Dinosaur

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Find the odd one out

    1. 1. Cow : Fodder
    2. 2. Crow : Carrion
    3. 3. Poultry : Farm
    4. 4. Vulture : Prey

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Find the odd one out

    1. 1. See : eye
    2. 2. Hear : ear
    3. 3. Touch : skin
    4. 4. Tongue : taste

4
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Find the odd one out

    1. 1. Student : Scholar
    2. 2. Paddy : Rice
    3. 3. Soldier : Warrior
    4. 4. Politician : Leader

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Find the odd one out

    1. 1. fish: pisciculture
    2. 2. birds: horticulture
    3. 3. bees: apiculture
    4. 4. slikworm: sericulture

2
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Find the odd one out

    1. 1. Sheep: bleat
    2. 2. Horse: neigh
    3. 3. Ass: grunt
    4. 4. Owl: hoot

3
No answer description available for this question

Q.- Three of the following Four options are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    1. 1. PY8
    2. 2. DG2
    3. 3. RV3
    4. 4. JR6

4
In all others the digit indicates the gap between the two letters.

Q.- Three of the following Four options are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    1. 1. 169
    2. 2. 179
    3. 3. 159
    4. 4. 149

1
The rest are not square of a number.

Q.- Three of the following Four options are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    1. 1. Jowar
    2. 2. Wheat
    3. 3. Paddy
    4. 4. Mustard

4
Mustard is an oil seed while the rest are food grains.

Q.- Three of the following Four options are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    1. 1. Arrow
    2. 2. Sword
    3. 3. Knife
    4. 4. Axe

1
All others are held in the hand and not shot out.

Q.- Three of the following Four options are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    1. 1. Crow
    2. 2. Vulture
    3. 3. Bat
    4. 4. Ostrich

3
Except bat others are birds where as it is a mammal.

Q.- Three of the following Four options are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    1. 1. Guava
    2. 2. Orange
    3. 3. Apple
    4. 4. Lichi

4
Lichi has only one seed inside where as others have many seeds.

Q.- Three of the following Four options are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    1. 1. 10
    2. 2. 120
    3. 3. 50
    4. 4. 290

2
In other case after deleting zero we are left with a prime number.

Q.- Three of the following Four options are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    1. 1. Cheese
    2. 2. Butter
    3. 3. Milk
    4. 4. Curd

3
Others are the products made from milk.

Q.- Three of the following Four options are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    1. 1. Corn
    2. 2. Olive
    3. 3. Onion
    4. 4. Sesame

3
All other are grown above the ground while onions grow below the ground.

Q.- Three of the following Four options are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

    1. 1. Asia
    2. 2. Argentina
    3. 3. Africa
    4. 4. Antarctica

2
All except Argentina are continents while Argentina is a country.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. tamceno means sky blue cenorax means blue cheese aplmitl means star bright Which word could mean bright sky?

    1. 1. cenotam
    2. 2. mitltam
    3. 3. raxmitl
    4. 4. aplceno

2
Tam means sky; ceno means blue; rax means cheese; apl means star; and mitl means bright. So mitltam means bright sky.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. dionot means oak tree blyonot means oak leaf blycrin means maple leaf Which word could mean maple syrup?

    1. 1. blymuth
    2. 2. hupponot
    3. 3. patricrin
    4. 4. crinweel

3
In this language the adjective follows the noun. From dionot and blyonot you can determine that 'onot' means oak. From blyonot and blycrin you can determine that bly means leaf. Therefore crin means maple. Because the adjective maple comes after the noun patricrin is the only possible choice.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. myncabel means saddle horse conowir means trail ride cabelalma means horse blanket Which word could mean horse ride?

    1. 1. cabelwir
    2. 2. conocabel
    3. 3. almamyn
    4. 4. conoalma

1
Myn means saddle; cabel means horse; cono means trail; and wir means ride. Therefore cabelwir is the correct answer.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. lelibroon means yellow hat plekafroti means flower garden frotimix means garden salad Which word could mean yellow flower?

    1. 1. lififroti
    2. 2. lelipleka
    3. 3. plekabroon
    4. 4. frotibroon

2
Leli means yellow; broon means hat; pleka means flower; froti means garden; mix means salad. Therefore lelipleka means yellow flower.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. granamelke means big tree pinimelke means little tree melkehoon means tree house Which word could mean big house?

    1. 1. granahoon
    2. 2. pinishur
    3. 3. pinihoon
    4. 4. melkegrana

1
Grana means big;melkemeans tree; pini means little; hoonmeans house. Therefore granahoon means big house.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. godabim means kidney stones romzbim means kidney beans romzbako means wax beans Which word could mean wax statue?

    1. 1. godaromz
    2. 2. lazbim
    3. 3. wasibako
    4. 4. romzpeo

3
the adjective follows the noun. From godabim and romzbim you can determine that bim means kidney. From romzbim and romzbako you can determine that romz means beans. Therefore bako means wax. Because the adjective wax must come after the noun in this language wasibako is the only choice.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. migenlasan means cupboard lasanpoen means boardwalk cuopdansa means pullman Which word could mean walkway?

    1. 1. poenmigen
    2. 2. cuopeisel
    3. 3. lasandansa
    4. 4. poenforc

4
Migen means cup; lasan means board; poen means walk; cuop means pull; and dansa means man. The only possible choices then are choices a and d. Choice a can be ruled out because migen means cup.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. agnoscrenia means poisonous spider delanocrenia means poisonous snake agnosdeery means brown spider Which word could mean black widow spider?

    1. 1. deeryclostagnos
    2. 2. agnosdelano
    3. 3. agnosvitriblunin
    4. 4. trymuttiagnos

3
In this language the noun appears first and the adjectives follow. Since agnos means spider and should appear first choices a and d can be ruled out. Choice b can be ruled out because delano means snake.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. gorblflur means fan belt pixngorbl means ceiling fan arthtusl means tile roof Which word could mean ceiling tile?

    1. 1. gorbltusl
    2. 2. flurgorbl
    3. 3. arthflur
    4. 4. pixnarth

4
Gorbl means fan; flur means belt; pixn means ceiling; arth means tile; and tusl means roof. Therefore pixnarth is the correct choice.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. hapllesh means cloudburst srenchoch means pinball resbosrench means ninepin Which word could mean cloud nine?

    1. 1. leshsrench
    2. 2. ochhapl
    3. 3. haploch
    4. 4. haplresbo

4
Hapl means cloud; lesh means burst; srench means pin; och means ball; and resbo means nine. Leshsrench (choice a) doesn't contain any of the words needed for cloud nine. We know that och means ball so that rules out choices b and c. When you combine hapl (cloud) with resbo (nine) you get the correct answer

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. krekinblaf means workforce dritakrekin means groundwork krekinalti means workplace Which word could mean 'someplace'?

    1. 1. moropalti
    2. 2. krekindrita
    3. 3. altiblaf
    4. 4. dritaalti

1
Krekin means work; blaf means force; drita means ground; and alti means place. Drita means ground so that rules out choices b and d. Choice c isn't correct because blaf means force. That leaves choice a as the only possible answer.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. aptaose means first base eptaose means second base lartabuk means ballpark Which word could mean 'baseball'?

    1. 1. buklarta
    2. 2. oseepta
    3. 3. bukose
    4. 4. oselarta

4
Apta means first; ose means base; epta means second; larta means ball; and buk means park. Thus oselarta means baseball.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. morpirquat means birdhouse beelmorpir means bluebird beelclak means bluebell Which word could mean 'houseguest'?

    1. 1. morpirhunde
    2. 2. beelmoki
    3. 3. quathunde
    4. 4. clakquat

3
Morpir means bird; quat means house; beel means blue; clak means bell. Choice c which begins with quat is the only possible option.

Q.- First you will be given a list of three onsense words and their English word meanings. The question(s) that follow will ask you to reverse the process and translate an English word into the artificial language. Here are some words translated from an arti

    1. 1. shillenalan
    2. 2. treftpleka
    3. 3. pakitreft
    4. 4. alanpaki

4
Pleka means fruit; paki means cake; shillen means walk; treftmeans butter; and alanmeans cup. Therefore alanpaki means cupcake.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. malgauper means peach cobbler malgaport means peach juice moggagrop means apple jelly Which word could mean 'apple juice'?

    1. 1. moggaport
    2. 2. malgaauper
    3. 3. gropport
    4. 4. moggagrop

1
Malga means peach; uper means cobbler; port means juice; mogga means apple; and grop means jelly. Therefore moggaport means apple juice.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. mallonpiml means blue light mallontifl means blueberry arpantifl means raspberry Which word could mean 'lighthouse'?

    1. 1. tiflmallon
    2. 2. pimlarpan
    3. 3. mallonarpan
    4. 4. pimldoken

4
Mallon means blue; pimlmeans light; tifl means berry; and arpan means \rasp\ in raspberry. The word piml which means light is required for the word lighthouse. That rules out choices a and c. Arpan in choice b means \rasp\ so that rules out choice b. That leaves choice d the only possible answer.

Q.- First you will be given a list of three onsense words and their English word meanings. The question(s) that follow will ask you to reverse the process and translate an English word into the artificial language. Here are some words translated from an arti

    1. 1. blymuth
    2. 2. hupponot
    3. 3. patricrin
    4. 4. crinweel

3
In this language the adjective follows the noun. From dionot and blyonot you can determine that 'onot' means oak. From blyonot and blycrin you can determine that bly means leaf. Therefore crin means maple. Because the adjective maple comes after the noun patricrin is the only possible choice.

Q.- First you will be given a list of three onsense words and their English word meanings. The question(s) that follow will ask you to reverse the process and translate an English word into the artificial language. Here are some words translated from an arti

    1. 1. godaromz
    2. 2. lazbim
    3. 3. wasibako
    4. 4. romzpeo

3
In this language the adjective follows the noun. From godabim and romzbim you can determine that bim means kidney. From romzbim and romzbako you can determine that romz means beans. Therefore bako means wax. Because the adjective wax must come after the noun in this language wasibako is the only choice.

Q.- First you will be given a list of three onsense words and their English word meanings. The question(s) that follow will ask you to reverse the process and translate an English word into the artificial language. Here are some words translated from an arti

    1. 1. gorbltusl
    2. 2. flurgorbl
    3. 3. arthflur
    4. 4. pixnarth

4
Gorbl means fan; flur means belt; pixn means ceiling; arth means tile; and tusl means roof. Therefore pixnarth is the correct choice.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. agnoscrenia means poisonous spider delanocrenia means poisonous snake agnosdeery means brown spider Which word could mean 'black widow spider'?

    1. 1. deeryclostagnos
    2. 2. agnosdelano
    3. 3. agnosvitriblunin
    4. 4. trymuttiagnos

3
In this language the noun appears first and the adjectives follow. Since agnos means spider and should appear first choices a and d can be ruled out. Choice b can be ruled out because delano means snake.

Q.- Here are some words tr?anslated from an artificial language. migenlasan means cupboard lasanpoen means boardwalk cuopdansa means pullman Which word could mean 'walkway'?

    1. 1. poenmigen
    2. 2. cuopeisel
    3. 3. lasandansa
    4. 4. poenforc

4
Migen means cup; lasan means board; poen means walk; cuop means pull; and dansa means man. The only possible choices then are choices 1 and 4. Choice 1 can be ruled out because migen means cup.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. tamceno means sky blue cenorax means blue cheese aplmitl means star bright Which word could mean 'bright sky'?

    1. 1. cenotam
    2. 2. mitltam
    3. 3. raxmitl
    4. 4. aplceno

2
Tam means sky; ceno means blue; rax means cheese; apl means star; and mitl means bright. So mitltam means bright sky.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. daftafoni means advisement imodafta means misadvise imolokti means misconduct Which word could mean statement'?

    1. 1. kratafoni
    2. 2. kratadafta
    3. 3. loktifoni
    4. 4. daftaimo

1
Dafta means advise; foni is the same as the suffix –ment; imo is the same as the prefix mis–; lokti means conduct. Since the only word in the answer choices that hasn't been defined is krata it is reasonable to assume that krata means state. Therefore kratafoni is the only choice that could mean statement.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. dionot means oak tree blyonot means oak leaf blycrin means maple leaf Which word could mean 'maple syrup'?

    1. 1. blymuth
    2. 2. hupponot
    3. 3. patricrin
    4. 4. crinweel

3
In this language the adjective follows the noun. From dionot and blyonot you can determine that onot means oak. From blyonot and blycrin you can determine that bly means leaf. Therefore crin means maple. Because the adjective maple comes after the noun patricrin is the only possible choice.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. myncabel means saddle horse conowir means trail ride cabelalma means horse blanket Which word could mean 'horse ride'?

    1. 1. cabelwir
    2. 2. conocabel
    3. 3. almamyn
    4. 4. conoalma

1
Myn means saddle; cabel means horse; cono means trail; and wir means ride. Therefore cabelwir is the correct answer.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. godabim means kidney stones romzbim means kidney beans romzbako means wax beans Which word could mean 'wax statue'?

    1. 1. godaromz
    2. 2. lazbim
    3. 3. wasibako
    4. 4. romzpeo

3
In this language the adjective follows the noun. From godabim and romzbim you can determine that bim means kidney. From romzbim and romzbako you can determine that romz means beans. Therefore bako means wax. Because the adjective wax must come after the noun in this language wasibako is the only choice.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. relftaga means carefree otaga means careful fertaga means careless Which word could mean 'aftercare'?

    1. 1. zentaga
    2. 2. tagafer
    3. 3. tagazen
    4. 4. relffer

3
In this language the root word taga which means care follows the affix (relf o– or fer–). Therefore in the word aftercare the root word and the affix would be reversed in the artificial language. The only choice then is tagazen because tagafer would mean less care.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. malgauper means peach cobbler malgaport means peach juice moggagrop means apple jelly Which word could mean 'apple juice'?

    1. 1. moggaport
    2. 2. malgaauper
    3. 3. gropport
    4. 4. moggagrop

1
Malga means peach; uper means cobbler; port means juice; mogga means apple; and grop means jelly. Therefore moggaport means apple juice.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. peslligen means basketball court ligenstrisi means courtroom oltaganti means placement test Which word could mean 'guest room'?

    1. 1. peslstrisi
    2. 2. vosefstrisi
    3. 3. gantipesl
    4. 4. oltastrisi

2
Pesl means basketball; ligen means court; strisi means room; olta means placement; and ganti means test. Because strisi means room it must be present in the answer so that rules out choice 3. Choices 1 and 4 are incorrect because pesl means basketball and olta means placement. That leaves choice 2 as the only possible answer.

Q.- Here are some words translated from an artificial language. plekapaki means fruitcake pakishillen means cakewalk treftalan means buttercup Which word could mean 'cupcake'?

    1. 1. shillenalan
    2. 2. treftpleka
    3. 3. pakitreft
    4. 4. alanpaki

4
Pleka means fruit; paki means cake; shillen means walk; treft means butter; and alan means cup. Therefore alanpaki means cupcake.

Q.- Sara lives in a large city on the East Coast. Her younger cousin Marlee lives in the Mid-west in a small town with fewer than 1000 residents. Marlee has visited Sara several times during the past five years. In the same period of time Sara has visited Mar

    1. 1. Marlee likes Sara better than Sara likes Marlee.
    2. 2. Sara thinks small towns are boring.
    3. 3. Sara is older than Marlee.
    4. 4. Marlee wants to move to the East Coast.

3
Since the paragraph states that Marlee is the younger cousin Sara must be older than Marlee. There is no information to support the other choices.

Q.- Georgia is older than her cousin Marsha. Marsha's brother Bart is older than Georgia. When Marsha and Bart are visiting with Georgia all three like to play a game of Monopoly. Marsha wins more often than Georgia does.

    1. 1. When he plays Monopoly with Marsha and Georgia Bart often loses.
    2. 2. Of the three Georgia is the oldest.
    3. 3. Georgia hates to lose at Monopoly.
    4. 4. Of the three Marsha is the youngest.

4
If Georgia is older than Marsha and Bart is older than Georgia then Marsha has to be the youngest of the three. Choice b is clearly wrong because Bart is the oldest. There is no information in the paragraph to support either choice a or choice c.

Q.- On weekends Mr. Sanchez spends many hours working in his vegetable and flower gardens. Mrs. Sanchez spends her free time reading and listening to classical music. Both Mr. Sanchez and Mrs. Sanchez like to cook.

    1. 1. Mr. Sanchez enjoys planting and growing vegetables.
    2. 2. Mr. Sanchez does not like classical music.
    3. 3. Mrs. Sanchez cooks the vegetables that Mr. Sanchez grows.
    4. 4. Mrs. Sanchez enjoys reading nineteenth century novels.

1
Because Mr. Sanchez spends many hours during the weekend working in his vegetable garden it is reasonable to suggest that he enjoys this work. There is no information to suggest that he does not like classical music. Although Mrs. Sanchez likes to cook there is nothing that indicates she cooks vegetables (choice c). Mrs. Sanchez likes to read but there is no information regarding the types of books she reads (choice d).

Q.- Ten new television shows appeared during the month of September. Five of the shows were sitcoms three were hour-long dramas and two were news-magazine shows. By January only seven of these new shows were still on the air. Five of the shows that remained w

    1. 1. Only one of the news-magazine shows remained on the air.
    2. 2. Only one of the hour-long dramas remained on the air.
    3. 3. At least one of the shows that was cancelled was an hour-long drama.
    4. 4. Television viewers prefer sitcoms over hour-long dramas.

3
If there were seven shows left and five were sitcoms this means that only two of the shows could possibly be dramas. Choices a and b may be true but there is no evidence to indicate this as fact. The fact that all of the sitcoms remained does not necessarily mean that viewers prefer sitcoms (choice d).

Q.- Vincent has a paper route. Each morning he delivers 37 newspapers to customers in his neighborhood. It takes Vincent 50 minutes to deliver all the papers. If Vincent is sick or has other plans his friend Thomas who lives on the same street will sometimes

    1. 1. Vincent and Thomas live in the same neighborhood.
    2. 2. It takes Thomas more than 50 minutes to deliver the papers.
    3. 3. It is dark outside when Vincent begins his deliveries.
    4. 4. Thomas would like to have his own paper route.

1
The fact that Vincent and Thomas live on the same street indicates that they live in the same neighborhood. There is no support for any of the other choices.

Q.- The Pacific yew is an evergreen tree that grows in the Pacific Northwest. The Pacific yew has a fleshy poisonous fruit. Recently taxol a substance found in the bark of the Pacific yew was discovered to be a promising new anticancer drug.

    1. 1. Taxol is poisonous when taken by healthy people.
    2. 2. Taxol has cured people from various diseases.
    3. 3. People should not eat the fruit of the Pacific yew.
    4. 4. The Pacific yew was considered worthless until taxol was discovered.

3
Given the information presented the only statement that could be considered true is that the fruit should not be eaten because it is poisonous. There is no support that taxol is poisonous or that taxol has cured anyone (choices a and b). There is no support for choice d.

Q.- Erin is twelve years old. For three years she has been asking her parents for a dog. Her parents have told her that they believe a dog would not be happy in an apartment but they have given her permission to have a bird. Erin has not yet decided what kind

    1. 1. Erin's parents like birds better than they like dogs.
    2. 2. Erin does not like birds.
    3. 3. Erin and her parents live in an apartment.
    4. 4. Erin and her parents would like to move.

3
Since Erin's parents think a dog would not be happy in an apartment we can reasonably conclude that the family lives in an apartment. We do not know if Erin's parents dislike dogs (choice a) or if Erin dislikes birds (choice b).There is no support for choice d.

Q.- Tim's commute never bothered him because there were always seats available on the train and he was able to spend his 40 minutes comfortably reading the newspaper or catching up on paperwork. Ever since the train schedule changed the train has been extreme

    1. 1. Tim would be better off taking the bus to work.
    2. 2. Tim's commute is less comfortable since the train schedule changed.
    3. 3. Many commuters will complain about the new train schedule.
    4. 4. Tim will likely look for a new job closer to home.

2
The passage tells us that Tim's commute didn't bother him because he was always able to sit down and comfortably read or do paperwork. Therefore it is reasonable to assume that Tim's commute has become less comfortable since the schedule change because it is very crowded and he can no longer find a seat. There is no information given that supports choices a c and d.

Q.- When they heard news of the hurricane Maya and Julian decided to change their vacation plans. Instead of traveling to the island beach resort they booked a room at a fancy new spa in the mountains. Their plans were a bit more expensive but they'd heard wo

    1. 1. Maya and Julian take beach vacations every year.
    2. 2. The spa is overpriced.
    3. 3. It is usually necessary to book at least six months in advance at the spa.
    4. 4. Maya and Julian decided to change their vacation plans because of the hurricane.

4
The first sentence makes this statement true. There is no support for choice a. The passage tells us that the spa vacation is more expensive than the island beach resort vacation but that doesn't necessarily mean that the spa is overpriced; therefore choice b cannot be supported. And even though the paragraph says that the couple was relieved to find a room on short notice there is no information to support choice c which says that it is usually necessary to book at the spa at least six months in advance.

Q.- Sachin lives in a large city on the West Coast. Her younger cousin Manan lives in the Mid-east in a small town with fewer than 1000 residents. Manan has visited Sachin several times during the past five years. In the same period of time Sachin has visited

    1. 1. Manan likes Sachin better than Sachin likes Manan.
    2. 2. Sachin thinks small towns are boring.
    3. 3. Sachin is older than Manan.
    4. 4. Manan wants to move to the West Coast.

3
Since the paragraph states that Manan is the younger cousin Sachin must be older than Manan. There is no information to support the other choices.

Q.- Cookbook : Recipes ::

    1. 1. film : reviews
    2. 2. manual : instructions
    3. 3. magazine : subscription
    4. 4. paperback : editions

2
No Description available for this question

Q.- Stone : Sculpture ::

    1. 1. Mural : Painting
    2. 2. opera : stage
    3. 3. canvas : easel
    4. 4. clay : pottery

4
No Description available for this question

Q.- grass: soil : : seaweed : ___________

    1. 1. water
    2. 2. river
    3. 3. salty
    4. 4. fish

1
No Description available for this question

Q.- boy: child : : man : ________

    1. 1. father
    2. 2. uncle
    3. 3. adult
    4. 4. person

3
No Description available for this question

Q.- book : _______ : : comb : tooth

    1. 1. title
    2. 2. page
    3. 3. library
    4. 4. knowledge

2
No Description available for this question

Q.- truthfulness: court : : cleanliness : _________

    1. 1. virtue
    2. 2. bath
    3. 3. restaurant
    4. 4. pig

3
No Description available for this question

Q.- wife: woman : : _______ : man

    1. 1. father
    2. 2. boy
    3. 3. groom
    4. 4. husband

4
No Description available for this question

Q.- grains : sand : : drops : __________

    1. 1. rain
    2. 2. surf
    3. 3. snow
    4. 4. flood

1
No Description available for this question

Q.- elbow: arm : : knee : _________

    1. 1. hands
    2. 2. leg
    3. 3. finger
    4. 4. nose

2
No Description available for this question

Q.- Man : Biography : : Nation : ?

    1. 1. History
    2. 2. Geography
    3. 3. People
    4. 4. Leader

1
No Description available for this question

Q.- Refer to the following information and answer the questions that follow: 'Kya-Kya' is an island in the South Pacific. The inhabitants of 'Kya-Kya' always answer any question with two sentences. One of which is always true and the other always false. There

    1. 1. Lony is not Kolk's son
    2. 2. Kolk is the pilo
    3. 3. Mirna is the pilot
    4. 4. Lony is the priest

2
Kolk is the pilo

Q.- Refer to the following information and answer the questions that follow: 'Kya-Kya' is an island in the South Pacific. The inhabitants of 'Kya-Kya' always answer any question with two sentences. One of which is always true and the other always false. You a

    1. 1. Left road takes you to the village
    2. 2. Right road takes you to the village
    3. 3. Lila is married to Laxman
    4. 4. None of these

3
Ans. (3) fits as per given information.

Q.- Refer to the following information and answer the questions that follow: 'Kya-Kya' is an island in the South Pacific. The inhabitants of 'Kya-Kya' always answer any question with two sentences. One of which is always true and the other always false. You f

    1. 1. John
    2. 2. Mathew
    3. 3. Krishna
    4. 4. None of these

2
only answer (2) is fit and applicable.

Q.- Answer these questions on the basis of the information given below: Five friends meet every morning at Sree Sagar restaurant for an idli-vada breakfast. Each consumes a different number of idlis and vadas. The number of idlis consumed are 1 4 5 6 8. while

    1. 1. Sandeep eats 2 vadas
    2. 2. Mukesh eats 4 vadas
    3. 3. Ignesh eats 2 vadas
    4. 4. Bimal eats 4 vadas

4
Idli Vada Mukesh 4 2 Dalajit 5 1 Bimal 8 4 Ignesh 6 6 Sandeep 1 0

Q.- Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below: Some children were taking free throws at the basketball court in school during lunch break. Below are some facts about how many baskets these children shot. i. Ganesh shot 8 baskets less th

    1. 1. Ramesh shot 18 baskets and Dhanraj shot 19 baskets
    2. 2. Ganesh shot 24 baskets and Ashish shot 16 baskets
    3. 3. Jugraj shot 19 baskets and Dhanraj shot 27 baskets
    4. 4. Dhanraj shot 11 baskets and Ashish shot 16 baskets

1
G + 8 = A D + R + 37 J = D + 8 A = D + 5 A + G = 40 2G = 32 G = 16 A = 24 D = 19 J = 27 R = 18

Q.- Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below: ABCDE and F are a group of friends. There are two house wives one professor one engineer one accountant and one lawyer in the group.There are only two married couples in the group. The l

    1. 1. Engineer
    2. 2. Lawyer
    3. 3. Professor
    4. 4. Accountant

1
(+) - male (-) - Female A(Lawyer) (+) --- Couple --- D(Housewife) (-) C(Accountant) (+) --- Couple --- F(Professor) (-) or F(Professor) (+) --- Couple --- C (Accountant) (-) B(Housewife) (-) E(Engineer) (+).

Q.- Answer the questions on the basis of the following information: Four families decided to attend the marriage ceremony of one of their colleagues. One family has no kids while the others have at least one kid each. Each family with kids has at least one ki

    1. 1. Raman's
    2. 2. Raj's
    3. 3. Anil's
    4. 4. Sunil's

2
Sentence 1 - Family with 2 kids before no kids. Sentence 2 - Shanti with no kids came before Sridevi Sentence 3 - Sunil and wife came last with only kid. Sentence 4 - Anil and Joya are not husband and wife. Sentence 5 - Anil and Raj are fathers - hence cannot be the family with no kids. Sentence 6 - Sridevi and Anita cannot be the persons with no kid. Sentence 7 - Anil and Joya are not husband and wife. Sentence 8 - Joya before Shanti and Anita was already present. Using the above information Anil and Raj cannot be married to Shanti as Shanti has no kids ! Hence Sunil has to be married to Sridevi(not with Joya already stated) and Raman with Shanti.

Q.- Answer the questions on the basis of the following information: Four families decided to attend the marriage ceremony of one of their colleagues. One family has no kids while the others have at least one kid each. Each family with kids has at least one ki

    1. 1. Raj and Shanti
    2. 2. Sunil and Sridevi
    3. 3. Anil and Sridevi
    4. 4. Raj and Anita

2
Sentence 1 - Family with 2 kids before no kids. Sentence 2 - Shanti with no kids came before Sridevi Sentence 3 - Sunil and wife came last with only kid. Sentence 4 - Anil and Joya are not husband and wife. Sentence 5 - Anil and Raj are fathers - hence cannot be the family with no kids. Sentence 6 - Sridevi and Anita cannot be the persons with no kid. Sentence 7 - Anil and Joya are not husband and wife. Sentence 8 - Joya before Shanti and Anita was already present. Using the above information Anil and Raj cannot be married to Shanti as Shanti has no kids ! Hence Sunil has to be married to Sridevi(not with Joya already stated) and Raman with Shanti.

Q.- Answer the questions based on the following information: A B C and D are to be seated in a row. But C and D cannot be together. Also B cannot be at the third place. If A is not at the third place then C has which of the following option?

    1. 1. The first place only
    2. 2. The third place only
    3. 3. The first and third place only
    4. 4. Any of the places

3
The first and third place only. This is the only possible way.

Q.- Answer the questions based on the following information: A B C and D are to be seated in a row. But C and D cannot be together. Also B cannot be at the third place. If A and B are together then which of the following must be necessarily true?

    1. 1. C is not at the first place
    2. 2. A is at the third place
    3. 3. D is at the first place
    4. 4. C is at the first place

2
A is at the third place. It is quite fit reply.

Q.- In the past consumers would rarely walk into an ice cream store and order low-fat ice cream. But that isn't the case today. An increasing health consciousness combined with a much bigger selection of tasty low-fat foods in all categories has made low-fat

    1. 1. low-fat ice cream produces more revenue than other low-fat foods.
    2. 2. ice cream store owners would be better off carrying only low-fat ice cream.
    3. 3. ice cream store owners no longer think that low-fat ice cream is an unpopular item.
    4. 4. low-fat ice cream is more popular than other kinds of ice cream.

3
This choice is supported as the best answer because the paragraph indicates that low-fat ice cream was once an unpopular item but now because consumers are more health conscious and because there is a wider array of tasty low-fat foods low-fat ice cream is a profitable item for ice cream store owners. There is no indication that choices a b dor e are true based on the information given.

Q.- If you're a fitness walker there is no need for a commute to a health club. Your neighborhood can be your health club. You don't need a lot of fancy equipment to get a good workout either. All you need is a well-designed pair of athletic shoes. This parag

    1. 1. fitness walking is a better form of exercise than weight lifting.
    2. 2. a membership in a health club is a poor investment.
    3. 3. walking outdoors provides a better workout than walking indoors.
    4. 4. fitness walking is a convenient and valuable form of exercise.

4
By stating that fitness walking does not require a commute to a health club the author stresses the convenience of this form of exercise. The paragraph also states that fitness walking will result in a good workout. Choice a is incorrect because no comparison to weight lifting is made. Choice b may seem like a logical answer but the paragraph only refers to people who are fitness walkers so for others a health club might be a good investment. Choice c is not in the passage. Although choice e seems logical the paragraph does not indicate that the wrong shoes will produce major injuries.

Q.- Generation Xers are those people born roughly between 1965 and 1981. As employees Generation Xers tend to be more challenged when they can carry out tasks independently. This makes Generation Xers the most entrepreneurial generation in history. This parag

    1. 1. work harder than people from other generations.
    2. 2. have a tendency to be self-directed workers
    3. 3. have an interest in making history
    4. 4. tend to work in jobs that require risk-taking behavior.

2
The support for choice b is given in the second sentence of the paragraph. Generation Xers like to work independently which means they are self-directed. No support is given for either choice a or choice c. Choice d is not related to the paragraph. Although the paragraph mentions that Generation Xers like to be challenged it does not say they like to challenge their bosses attitudes; therefore choice e can be ruled out.

Q.- One of the warmest winters on record has put consumers in the mood to spend money. Spending is likely to be the strongest in thirteen years. During the month of February sales of existing single-family homes hit an annual record rate of 4.75 million. This

    1. 1. consumer spending will be higher thirteen years from now than it is today.
    2. 2. more people buy houses in the month of February than in any other month.
    3. 3. during the winter months the prices of single-family homes are the lowest.
    4. 4. warm winter weather is likely to affect the rate of home sales.

4
This is clearly the best answer because the paragraph directly states that warm weather affects consumers inclination to spend. It furthers states that the sales of single-family homes was at an all-time high. There is no support for choice a or c. Choice b is wrong because even though there were high sales for a particular February this does not mean that sales are not higher in other months. Choice d presents a misleading figure of 4 million. The paragraph states that the record of 4.75 million was at an annual not a monthly rate.

Q.- One New York publisher has estimated that 50000 to 60000 people in the United States want an anthology that includes the complete works of William Shakespeare. And what accounts for this renewed interest in Shakespeare? As scholars point out his psycholog

    1. 1. Shakespeare's characters are more interesting than fictional characters today.
    2. 2. people even today are interested in Shakespeare's work because of the characters.
    3. 3. academic scholars are putting together an anthology of Shakespeare's work.
    4. 4. New Yorkers have a renewed interested in the work of Shakespeare.

2
The last sentence in the paragraph clearly gives support for the idea that the interest in Shakespeare is due to the development of his characters. Choice a is incorrect because the writer never makes this type of comparison. Choice c is wrong because even though scholars are mentioned in the paragraph there is no indication that the scholars are compiling the anthology. Choice d is wrong because there is no support to show that most New Yorkers are interested in this work. There is no support for choice either.

Q.- Today's high school students spend too much time thinking about trivial and distracting matters such as fashion. Additionally they often dress inappropriately on school grounds. Rather than spending time writing another detailed dress policy we should mak

    1. 1. inappropriate clothing leads to failing grades.
    2. 2. students who wear school uniforms get into better colleges.
    3. 3. teachers and administrators spend at least 25% of their time enforcing the dress code.
    4. 4. school uniforms should be compulsory for high school students.

4
The support for choice e is in the third sentence \we should make school uniforms mandatory\. There is no evidence provided to support choices a b and d. And although we know that teachers and administrators are spending some of their time enforcing dress code the paragraph does not quantify how much of their time is spent that way so there is no support for choice c.

Q.- The criminal justice system needs to change. The system could be more just if it allowed victims the opportunity to confront the person who has harmed them. Also mediation between victims and their offenders would give the offenders a chance to apologize

    1. 1. learn to forgive their offenders.
    2. 2. have the right to confront their offenders.
    3. 3. learn the art of mediation.
    4. 4. insist that their offenders be punished.

2
This answer is clearly stated in the first sentence of the paragraph. There is no support in the passage for choices a or d. As for choice c although mediation is mentioned the statement does not indicate that victims should be the mediators.

Q.- A few states in this country are considering legislation that would prohibit schools from using calculators before the sixth grade. Other states take a different position. Some states are insisting on the purchase of graphing calculators for every student

    1. 1. there are at least two opinions about the use of calculators in schools.
    2. 2. calculators are frequently a detriment to learning math.
    3. 3. state legislators are more involved in education than ever before.
    4. 4. the price of graphing calculators is less when schools buy in bulk.

1
The paragraph clearly states that there are two differing opinions with regard to the use of calculators in the classroom. Although some people may believe that choice b is true the paragraph does not indicate this. Choice c has no relation to the paragraph. Choice d makes logical sense but the paragraph says nothing about cost. Choice e is an opinion that is not given in the paragraph.

Q.- Today's workforce has a new set of social values. Ten years ago a manager who was offered a promotion in a distant city would not have questioned the move. Today a manager in that same situation might choose family happiness instead of career advancement.

    1. 1. most managers are not loyal to the corporations for which they work.
    2. 2. businesses today do not understand their employees needs.
    3. 3. employees social values have changed over the past ten years.
    4. 4. career advancement is not important to today's business managers.

3
A change in employee social values over the past ten years is implied in the whole paragraph but particularly in the first sentence. Choice a is incorrect because the loyalty of the managers to their corporations is never discussed. There is no support for choice b. In choice d perhaps career advancement is less important than it once was but the paragraph does not indicate that advancement is unimportant to managers. Choice e is an opinion that is not supported.

Q.- It is well known that the world urgently needs adequate distribution of food so that everyone gets enough. Adequate distribution of medicine is just as urgent. Medical expertise and medical supplies need to be redistributed throughout the world so that pe

    1. 1. the majority of the people in the world have never been seen by a doctor.
    2. 2. food production in emerging nations has slowed during the past several years.
    3. 3. most of the world's doctors are selfish about giving time and money to the poor.
    4. 4. many people who live in emerging nations are not receiving proper medical care

4
This answer is implied by the statement that redistribution is needed so that people in emerging nations can have proper medical care. Choices a b and c are not mentioned in the passage. Choice d is also incorrect—the passage indicates that the distribution of medicine not its production is inadequate.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Some groups want to outlaw burning the flag. They say that people have fought and died for the flag and that citizens of the United States ought to respect that. But I say that respect cannot be l

    1. 1. The rich should not be allowed to buy politicians so the Congress should enact campaign finance reform.
    2. 2. The idea of freedom of religion also means the right not to participate in religion so mandated school prayer violates freedom of religion.
    3. 3. The Constitution guarantees freedom to own property so taxes should be illegal.
    4. 4. Convicted felons should not have their convictions overturned on a technicality.

2
This is the best choice because it relates to a situation where a proposed law would actually violate the part of the Constitution it is intended to protect.

Q.- Some groups want to outlaw burning the flag. They say that people have fought and died for the flag and that citizens of the United States ought to respect that. But I say that respect cannot be leg-islated. Also most citizens who have served in the milit

    1. 1. An action is not considered a part of freedom of speech.
    2. 2. People who burn the flag usually commit other crimes as well.
    3. 3. The flag was not recognized by the government until 1812.
    4. 4. State flags are almost never burned

1
If an action is not included under freedom of speech the speaker's main argument is incorrect.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Some groups want to outlaw burning the flag. They say that people have fought and died for the flag and that citizens of the United States ought to respect that. But I say that respect cannot be l

    1. 1. Only veterans care about the flag-burning issue.
    2. 2. Flag burning almost never happens so outlawing it is a waste of time.
    3. 3. Flag burning will be a very important issue in the next election.
    4. 4. To outlaw flag burning is to outlaw what the flag represents.

4
The speaker maintains that to burn a flag is an act of freedom of speech which is among the things the flag represents.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Giving children computers in grade school is a waste of money and teachers time. These children are too young to learn how to use computers effectively and need to spend time on learning the basic

    1. 1. studies showing computers are expensive
    2. 2. research on the effect of computer games on children
    3. 3. examples of high school students who use computers improperly
    4. 4. evidence that using computers makes learning to read difficult

4
This evidence would back up the speaker's contention that young students should learn the basics before learning computers. Choices a and d which are both about cost would have no effect on the argument. Choices b and c are too vague.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Giving children computers in grade school is a waste of money and teachers time. These children are too young to learn how to use computers effectively and need to spend time on learning the basic

    1. 1. a demonstration that computers can be used to teach reading and arithmetic
    2. 2. analysis of the cost-effectiveness of new computers versus repairing old computers
    3. 3. examples of adults who do not know how to use computers
    4. 4. recent grade reports of students in the computer classes

1
If computers enhance the learning of arithmetic and reading the speaker's argument is not as strong.

Q.- Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions: Giving children computers in grade school is a waste of money and teachers time. These children are too young to learn how to use computers effectively and need to spend time on learning the basic

    1. 1. a specific example that illustrates the speaker's point
    2. 2. attacking the beliefs of those who disagree with the speaker
    3. 3. relying on an analogy to prove the speaker's point
    4. 4. displaying statistics that back up the speaker's point

3
The speaker uses analogies to compare crawling with learning arithmetic and reading and to compare walking with using a computer. The speaker is making the point that in both cases a child needs to learn one before learning the other.

Q.- Originating in the 1920s the Pyramid scheme is one of the oldest con games going. Honest people are often pulled in thinking the scheme is a legitimate investment enterprise. The first customer to fall for the Pyramid scheme will actually make big money a

    1. 1. it is fairly easy to spot a Pyramid scheme in the making.
    2. 2. he first customer of a Pyramid scheme is the most gullible.
    3. 3. the people who set up Pyramid schemes are able to fool honest people.
    4. 4. the Pyramid scheme had its heyday in the 1920s but it's making a comeback.

3
The fact that the Pyramid scheme is set up by a con artist suggests that the honest people who invest have been fooled. Choices a and b are contradicted in the passage. The paragraph says that the Pyramid scheme originated in the 1920s but does not say it had its heyday then; thus choice d is incorrect. Choice e is a fact but it is not mentioned in the passage.

Q.- Close-up images of Mars by the Mariner 9 probe indicated networks of valleys that looked like the stream beds on Earth. These images also implied that Mars once had an atmosphere that was thick enough to trap the sun's heat. If this were true something ha

    1. 1. Mars now has little or no atmosphere.
    2. 2. Mars once had a thicker atmosphere than Earth does.
    3. 3. the Mariner 9 probe took the first pictures of Mars.
    4. 4. Mars is closer to the sun than Earth is.

1
The paragraph states that Mars once had a thick atmosphere but that it was stripped away. The other choices true or not cannot be found in the passage.

Q.- By the time they reach adulthood most people can perform many different activities involving motor skills. Motor skills involve such diverse tasks as riding a bicycle threading a needle and cooking a dinner. What all these activities have in common is the

    1. 1. most adults have not refined their motor skills.
    2. 2. all adults know how to ride a bicycle.
    3. 3. refined motor skills are specifically limited to adults.
    4. 4. threading a needle is a precise motor skill.

4
The second sentence states that threading a needle involves motor skill. The other choices are not in the paragraph.

Q.- Forest fires feed on decades-long accumulations of debris and leap from the tops of young trees into the branches of mature trees. Fires that jump from treetop to treetop can be devastating. In old-growth forests however the shade of mature trees keeps th

    1. 1. forest fire damage is reduced in old-growth forests.
    2. 2. small trees should be cut down to prevent forest fires.
    3. 3. mature trees should be thinned out to prevent forest fires
    4. 4. forest fires do the most damage in old-growth forests.

1
The last sentence provides direct support for choice a. The author never suggests that any trees should be cut down or thinned out which eliminates choices b and c. Choice d contradicts the author's opinion. The author suggests that old growth forests have less debris which rules out choice e.

Q.- Most Reality TV centers on two common motivators: fame and money. The shows transform waitresses hairdressers investment bankers counselors and teachers to name a few from obscure figures to household names. A lucky few successfully parlay their fifteen m

    1. 1. the stars of Reality TV are interested in being rich and famous.
    2. 2. Reality TV is the best thing that has happened to network television in a long time.
    3. 3. for Reality TV stars fame will last only as long as their particular television show.
    4. 4. Reality TV shows represent a new wave of sensationalistic low quality programming.

1
This is expressed in the first sentence. Choices 2 and 4 are not supported by the passage. Choice 3 is incorrect because the paragraph states that some Reality TV stars manage to parlay their fifteen minutes of fame into celebrity.

Q.- During the last six years the number of practicing physicians has increased by about 20%. During the same time period the number of healthcare managers has increased by more than 600%. These percentages mean that many doctors have lost the authority to ma

    1. 1. resent the interference of healthcare managers.
    2. 2. no longer have adequate training.
    3. 3. care a great deal about their patients.
    4. 4. are less independent than they used to be.

4
The author of this statement suggests that doctors are less independent. The author stresses that many doctors have lost authority. There is no support for the opinion that doctors resent the healthcare managers however—which rules out choice 1. The doctors' training is never mentioned (choice 2). Doctors may care about their patients (choice 3) but this information is not part of the paragraph.

Q.- By the time they reach adulthood most people can perform many different activities involving motor skills. Motor skills involve such diverse tasks as riding a bicycle threading a needle and cooking a dinner. What all these activities have in common is the

    1. 1. most adults have not refined their motor skills.
    2. 2. all adults know how to ride a bicycle.
    3. 3. refined motor skills are specifically limited to adults.
    4. 4. threading a needle is a precise motor skill.

4
The second sentence states that threading a needle involves motor skill. The other choices are not in the paragraph.

Q.- Close-up images of Mars by the Mariner 9 probe indicated networks of valleys that looked like the stream beds on Earth. These images also implied that Mars once had an atmosphere that was thick enough to trap the sun's heat. If this were true something ha

    1. 1. Mars now has little or no atmosphere.
    2. 2. Mars once had a thicker atmosphere than Earth does.
    3. 3. the Mariner 9 probe took the first pictures of Mars.
    4. 4. Mars is closer to the sun than Earth is.

1
The paragraph states that Mars once had a thick atmosphere but that it was stripped away. The other choices true or not cannot be found in the passage.

Q.- Yoga has become a very popular type of exercise but it may not be for everyone. Before you sign yourself up for a yoga class you need to examine what it is you want from your fitness routine. If you're looking for a high-energy fast-paced aerobic workout

    1. 1. yoga is more popular than high-impact aerobics.
    2. 2. before embarking on a new exercise regimen you should think about your needs and desires.
    3. 3. yoga is changing the world of fitness in major ways.
    4. 4. yoga benefits your body and mind.

2
The second sentence points out that people should examine what they want from a fitness routine before signing up for a new exercise class. There is no evidence to support choice 1. Choice 3 might sound reasonable due to the fact that the paragraph tells us that yoga has become very popular but this statement is not supported by the information provided in the paragraph. Choices 4 is also not supported since the paragraph doesn't tell us whether yoga is good for both body and mind or what people think about it.

Q.- Walk into any supermarket or pharmacy and you will find several shelves of products designed to protect adults and children from the sun. Additionally a host of public health campaigns have been created including National Skin Cancer Awareness Month that

    1. 1. children are better protected from the sun's dangerous rays than adults.
    2. 2. sales of sun protection products are at an all-time high.
    3. 3. adults are not heeding the warnings about the dangers of sun exposure seriously enough.
    4. 4. more adults have skin cancer now than ever before.

3
The last sentence gives direct support for this response. Although children might be better protected from the sun than adults the paragraph does not specifically cite statistics about children so we can't know for sure ruling out choice 1. There is no evidence provided in the paragraph to support choices 2 and 4.

Q.- Obesity is a serious problem in this country. Research suggests that obesity can lead to a number of health problems including diabetes asthma and heart disease. Recent research has even indicated that there may be a relationship between obesity and some

    1. 1. public health campaigns that raise consciousness and propose lifestyle changes are a productive way to fight obesity.
    2. 2. obesity is the leading cause of diabetes in our country.
    3. 3. people in our country watch too much television and do not exercise enough.
    4. 4. a decline in obesity would radically decrease the incidence of asthma.

1
The support for this choice is in the last sentence which states that major public health campaigns that increase awareness and propose lifestyle changes are important in our fight against obesity. Choice 2 can be ruled out because although the paragraph states that obesity can lead to diabetes it doesn't tell us that it is the leading cause of this disease. Choices 3 might sound reasonable and true but they are not supported in the paragraph. And although we are told that obesity has been connected to asthma this fact is not quantified in any way so choice 4 is also not supported by the information given.

Q.- There are no effective boundaries when it comes to pollutants. Studies have shown that toxic insecticides that have been banned in many countries are riding the wind from countries where they remain legal. Compounds such as DDT and toxaphene have been fou

    1. 1. toxic insecticides such as DDT have not been banned throughout the world.
    2. 2. more pollutants find their way into polar climates than they do into warmer areas.
    3. 3. studies have proven that many countries have ignored their own antipollution laws.
    4. 4. DDT and toxaphene are the two most toxic insecticides in the world.

1
The support for this choice is in the second sentence which states that in some countries toxic insecticides are still legal. Choice 2 is incorrect because even though polar regions are mentioned in the paragraph there is no support for the idea that warmer regions are not just as affected. There is no support for choice 3. Choice 4 can be ruled out because there is nothing to indicate that DDT and toxaphene are the most toxic.

Q.- During colonial times in America juries were encouraged to ask questions of the parties in the courtroom. The jurors were in fact expected to investigate the facts of the case themselves. If jurors conducted an investigation today we would throw out the c

    1. 1. juries are less important today than they were in colonial times.
    2. 2. jurors today are less interested in court cases than they were in colonial times.
    3. 3. courtrooms today are more efficient than they were in colonial times.
    4. 4. the jury system in America has changed since colonial times.

4
The paragraph focuses on the idea that the jury system is different from what it was in colonial times. There is no support given for choices a b and c.

Q.- One New York publisher has estimated that 50000 to 60000 people in the United States want an anthology that includes the complete works of William Shakespeare. And what accounts for this renewed interest in Shakespeare? As scholars point out his psycholog

    1. 1. Shakespeare's characters are more interesting than fictional characters today.
    2. 2. people today are interested in Shakespeare's work because of the characters.
    3. 3. academic scholars are putting together an anthology of Shakespeare's work.
    4. 4. New Yorkers have a renewed interested in the work of Shakespeare.

2
The last sentence in the paragraph clearly gives support for the idea that the interest in Shakespeare is due to the development of his characters. Choice 1 is incorrect because the writer never makes this type of comparison. Choice 3 is wrong because even though scholars are mentioned in the paragraph there is no indication that the scholars are compiling the anthology. Choice 4 is wrong because there is no support to show that most New Yorkers are interested in this work.

Q.- Statements: Fashion is a form of ugliness so intolerable that we have to alter it every six months. Conclusions: Fashion designers do not understand the public mind very well. The public by and large is highly susceptible to novelty.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
The statement asserts that people cannot stand any particular trend for long and seek change quite often. So only II follows.

Q.- Statements: Until our country achieves economic equality political freedom and democracy would be meaningless. Conclusions: Political freedom and democracy go hand in hand. Economic equality leads to real political freedom and democracy.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
Nothing about the relation between political freedom and democracy is mentioned in the statement. So I does not follow. But II directly follows from the given statement.

Q.- Statements: Quality has a price tag. India is allocating lots of funds to education. Conclusions: Quality of education in India would improve soon. Funding alone can enhance quality of education.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
According to the statement funding is necessary to improve quality and India is allocating funds to education. This means that quality of education will improve in India. So I follows. But funding alone is sufficient to enhance quality is not true. So II does not follow.

Q.- Statements: Domestic demand has been increasing faster than the production of indigenous crude oil. Conclusions: Crude oil must be imported. Domestic demand should be reduced.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

3
The statement mentions that demand for oil is increasing faster than the production. So either the demand must be reduced or oil must be imported to cope with the increasing demand. Thus either I or II follows.

Q.- Statements: No country is absolutely self-dependent these days. Conclusions: It is impossible to grow and produce all that a country needs. Countrymen in general have become lazy.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
Clearly only I provides a suitable explanation to the given statement. So only I follows.

Q.- Statements: Any student who does not behave properly while in the school brings bad name to himself and also for the school. Conclusions: Such student should be removed from the school. Stricter discipline does not improve behaviour of the students.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
Clearly I cannot be deduced from the statement. Also nothing about discipline is mentioned in the statement. So neither I nor II follows.

Q.- Statements: The national norm is 100 beds per thousand populations but in this state 150 beds per thousand are available in the hospitals. Conclusions: Our national norm is appropriate. The state's health system is taking adequate care in this regard.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
Whether the national norm is appropriate or not cannot be said. So I does not follow. However more number of beds per thousand population are available in the state. So II follows.

Q.- Statements: Money plays a vital role in politics. Conclusions: The poor can never become politicians. All the rich men take part in politics.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
Neither the poor nor the rich but only the role of money in politics is being talked about in the statement. So neither I nor II follows.

Q.- Statements: Vegetable prices are soaring in the market. Conclusions: Vegetables are becoming a rare commodity. People cannot eat vegetables.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
The availability of vegetables is not mentioned in the given statement. So I does not follow Also II is not directly related to the statement and so it also does not follow.

Q.- Statements: Jade plant has thick leaves and it requires little water. Conclusions: All plants with thick leaves require little water. Jade plants may be grown in places where water is not in abundance.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
The statement talks of jade plants only and not 'all plants with thick leaves'. So I does not follow. Also since jade plants require little water so they can be grown in places where water is not in abundance. So II follows.

Q.- Statement: The Central government has field a case against 142 companies which had folded up their business without meeting the legal obligations. Conclusions: I. While starting and closing their business almost every company in India does not go through

    1. 1. If only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. If only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

2
I does not follow because we can't extrapolate the conduct of these 142 companies to that of \almost every company\. II follows because teaching a lesson to others of the ilk is inherent in any prosection/punishment.

Q.- Statement: It has been decided by the government to withdraw 33% of the subsidy on cooking gas from the beginning of next month. - A spokesman of the government. Conclusions: I. People now no more desire or need such subsidy from governments as they can a

    1. 1. If only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. If only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

4
I does not follow because a government policy is not determined merely by people's needs. II does not follow because we do not know amount of subsidy.

Q.- Statement: My first and foremost task is to beautify this city. If city 'X' and 'Y' can do it why can't we do it? - Statement of municipal commissioner of city 'Z' after taking over charge. Conclusions: I. The people of city 'Z' are not aware about the pr

    1. 1. If only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. If only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

4
The public awareness about city Z can't be extracted from the given statement. Hence I does not follow. II also does not follow because the information given in the statement may be obtained even without having work experience.

Q.- Statement: The President of XYZ party indicated that 25 independent Members of Legislative Assembly (MLA) are seriously considering various options of jioning some political party. But in any case all of them collectively will join one party only. Conclus

    1. 1. If only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. If only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

3
As the independent members will join one party only they may join either XYZ party or any other existing party. Hence I and II together are exhaustive.

Q.- Statement: Good health is a luxury in country 'P' where rate of death is very high compared to other nations of that region. Conclusions: I. People in country 'P' cannot afford to have many luxuries of life. II. Good health is a gift of nature.

    1. 1. If only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. If only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

1
I follows. A country where even good health is considered to be a luxury certainly can't afford luxuries. II does not follow. Man may strive towards good health.

Q.- Statement: On metro section of railways the motormen are frequently required to overtime during May and June though all vacancies are completely filled as per requirement of this section. Conclusions: I. Many motormen take leave of shorter or longer durat

    1. 1. If only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. If only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

1
It is clearly given that manpower is complete as per requirement of the section. Because there is no hint of heavy rush and introduction of new trains we can consider conclusion I exhaustive. Because of the term required to do nothing can be concluded about their desire. Hence II does not follow.

Q.- Statement: Global ecological issues have eclipsed local environmental problems which are being faced by the poor societies. Conclusions: I. Poor societies always have to suffer because of their poverty. II. Global ecological issues are not so important. R

    1. 1. If only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. If only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

4
The statement does not say why the poor societies suffer. Hence I does not follow. II also does not follow because the statement merely states a fact; it does not go into the merits of the fact.

Q.- Statement: The maximum number of vacancies for the electrical cadre is 40 which will be filled through this recruitment round - An advertisement of company 'A'. Conclusions: I. The company 'A' may appoint less than 40 clerks in this round. II. The company

    1. 1. If only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. If only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

3
The maximum number of vacancies is 40. Mathematically we may represent this as ≤ 40 i.e. either less than 40 or 40. Hence either I or II.

Q.- Statement: An advertisement - Interest rate will be fixed on the basis of our bank's rate prevailing on the date of deposit and refixed every quarter thereafter. Conclusions: I. It is left to the depositors to guard their interest. II. The bank's interest

    1. 1. If only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. If only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

2
I does not follow because the statement is silent about the depositors. II follows from the phrase \bank's rate prevailing on the date of deposit\. Which means the rates are subject to day to day changes.

Q.- Statement: Yes I know honesty is the primary concern for discharging the duties of a police officer and my officers are aware of this. - Statement of police commissioner of city S. Conclusions: I. The statement of police commissioner of city S is absolute

    1. 1. If only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. If only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. If either I or II follows
    4. 4. If neither I nor II follows

3
Either the commissioner is absolutely right or he is not.

Q.- Statement : Fashion is a form of ugliness so intolerable that we have to alter it every six months. Conclusions: I. Fashion designers do not understand the public mind very well. II. The public by and large is highly susceptible to novelty.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
The statement asserts that people cannot stand any particular trend for long and seek change quite often. So only II follows.

Q.- Statement: No country is absolutely self-dependent these days. Conclusions: I. It is impossible to grow and produce all that a country needs. II. Countrymen in general have become lazy.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
Clearly only I provides a suitable explanation to the given statement. So only I follows.

Q.- Statement : Fortune favours the brave. Conclusions : I. Risks are necessary for success. II. Cowards die many times before their death.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
Only conclusion I follows. Conclusion II can not be deduced from the statement.

Q.- Statement : Industrial Revolution which first of all started in Europe has brought about modern age. Conclusions : I. Disparity between rich and poor results in revolution. II. Revolution overhauls society.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
Cause of revolution can not be deduced from the statement. Only Conclusion II follows as It is mentioned that Industrial revolution brought about the modern age.

Q.- Statement : It is almost impossible to survive and prosper in this world without sacrificing ethics and morality Conclusions : I. World appreciates some concepts but may not uphold it. II. Concept of ethics and morality are not practicable in life.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
I is vague so I do not follow but II is directly related to statement.

Q.- Statement : A large majority of the work force in India is unorganised. Most of them earn either the minimum or uncertain wages while others are engaged in sundry jobs. Conclusions : I. The workers in the organised sector get better facilities and stay lo

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
Conclusion I is not stated in the statement. Only Conclusion II follows.

Q.- Statement : The national norm is 100 beds per thousand population but in this state it is 150 beds per thousand. Conclusions : I. Our national norm is appropriate. II. The state's health system is taking adequate care in this regard.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

2
Nothing is stated in statement for I. Only conclusion II follows.

Q.- Statement : The old order changed yielding place to new. Conclusions: I. Change is the law of nature. II. Discard old ideas because they are old.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

1
Clearly I directly follows from the given statement. Also it is mentioned that old ideas are replaced by new ones as thinking changes with the progressing time. So II does not follow.

Q.- Statement : Money plays a vital role in politics. Conclusions: I. The poor can never become politicians. II. All the rich men take part in politics.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Either I or II follows
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

4
Neither the poor nor the rich but only the role of money in politics is being talked about in the statement. So neither I nor II follows.

Q.- Statement : All the organised persons find time for rest. Sunita in-spite of her busy schedule finds time for rest. Conclusions : I. Sunita is an organised person. II. Sunita is an industrious person.

    1. 1. Only conclusion I follows
    2. 2. Only conclusion II follows
    3. 3. Both I and II follow
    4. 4. Neither I nor II follows

3
Sunita has a busy schedule. This means that she is industrious. But still she finds the time for rest. This means that she is an organised person. So both conclusions follow.

Q.- Statement: Should children be legally made responsible to take care of their parents during their old age? Arguments: Yes. Such matter can only be solved by legal means. Yes. Only this will bring some relief to poor parents.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I nor II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

4
Taking care of the parents is a moral duty of the children and cannot be thrust upon them legally nor such a compulsion can ensure good care of the old people. So none of the arguments holds strong.

Q.- Statement: Should higher education be completely stopped for some time? Arguments: No. It will hamper the country's future progress. Yes. It will reduce the educated unemployment.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I nor II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

1
Clearly higher education is not the cause of unemployment. In fact it has created greater job opportunities. So argument II is vague. Also higher education promotes the country's development. So argument I holds.

Q.- Statement: Should India have no military force at all? Arguments: No. Other countries in the world do not believe in non-violence. Yes. Many Indians believe in non-violence.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I nor II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

4
Clearly India needs to have military force to defend itself against the threat of other military powers in the world. So none of the arguments holds strong.

Q.- Statement: Should high chimneys be installed in industries? Arguments: Yes. It reduces pollution at ground level. No. It increases pollution in upper atmosphere.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I nor II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

1
Pollution at ground level is the most hazardous in the way of being injurious to human and animal life. So argument I alone holds.

Q.- Statement: Should religion be banned? Arguments: Yes. It develops fanaticism in people. No Religion binds people together.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I nor II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

3
Religion binds people together through the name of God and human values. But at the same time it may create differences and ill-will among people. So either of the arguments holds strong.

Q.- Statement: Should fashionable dresses be banned? Arguments: Yes. Fashions keep changing and hence consumption of cloth increases. No. Fashionable clothes are a person's self expression and therefore his/her fundamental right.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I nor II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

2
Clearly imposing ban on fashionable dresses will be a restriction on the personal choice and hence the right to freedom of an individual. So only argument II is strong.

Q.- Statement: Should there be a world government? Arguments: Yes. It will help in eliminating tensions among the nations. No. Then only the developed countries will dominate in the government.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I nor II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

2
Clearly a world government cannot eliminate tensions among nations because it will also have the ruling group and the opposition group. Further the more powerful and diplomatic shall rule the world to their interests. So only argument II holds.

Q.- Statement: Should a total ban be put on trapping wild animals? Arguments: Yes. Trappers are making a lot of money; No. Bans on hunting and trapping are not effective.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I nor II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

4
Clearly ban is necessary to protect our natural environment. So none of the arguments is strong enough.

Q.- Statement: Should foreign films be banned in India? Arguments: Yes. They depict an alien culture which adversely affects our values. No. Foreign films are of a high artistic standard.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I nor II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

4
Clearly foreign films depict the alien culture but this only helps in learning more. So argument I does not hold. Also the reason stated in argument II is not strong enough in contradicting the ban. So it also does not hold.

Q.- Statement: Should new big industries be started in Mumbai? Arguments: Yes. It will create job opportunities. No. It will further add to the pollution of the city.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I nor II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

3
Opening up of new industries is advantageous in opening more employment avenues and disadvantageous in that it adds to the pollution. So either of the arguments holds strong.

Q.- Statement: Should public holidays be declared on demise of important national leaders? Arguments: I. No. Such unscheduled holidays hamper national progress. II. Yes. People would like to pay their homage to the departed soul.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I or II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

1
Clearly unscheduled and untimely holidays would naturally cause the work to suffer. So argument I holds strong. Also a holiday is not necessary to pay homage to someone. So argument II is vague.

Q.- Statement: Is the Government justified in spending so much on defence? Arguments: I. Yes. Safety of the country is of prime importance. II. No. During peace this money could be used for the development of the country.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I or II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

1
Clearly defence is necessary for the safety of the country which is of prime importance. So argument I holds. Also a country can concentrate on internal progress and development only when it is safe from external aggressions. So argument II does not hold.

Q.- Statement: Should taxes on colour television be further increased? Arguments: I. Yes Colour television is a luxury item and only rich people buy them. II. No Televisions are bought by the poor too.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I or II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

4
Clearly taxes on an item cannot be increased or decreased on the basis of the financial position of the people who buy it. So both arguments I and II do not hold strong.

Q.- Statement: Should the political parties be banned? Arguments: I. Yes. It is necessary to teach a lesson to the politicians. II. No. It will lead to an end of democracy.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I or II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

4
Clearly with the ban on political parties candidates can independently contest elections. So it will not end democracy. Thus argument II does not hold. Argument I does not give a strong reason.

Q.- Statement: Should persons convicted of criminal offences in the past be allowed to contest elections in India? Arguments: I. No. Such persons cannot serve the cause of the people and country. II. Yes. It is democracy - let people decide whom to vote.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I or II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

1
Clearly persons with criminal background cannot stand to serve as the representatives of the common people. So they should not be allowed to contest elections. Thus only argument I holds while II does not.

Q.- Statement: Are nuclear families better than joint families? Arguments: I. No. Joint families ensure security and also reduce the burden of work. II. Yes. Nuclear families ensure greater freedom.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I or II is strong
    4. 4. Both I and II are strong

4
Clearly with so many people around in a joint family there is more security. Also work is shared. So argument I holds. In nuclear families there are lesser number of people and so lesser responsibilities and more freedom. Thus II also holds.

Q.- Statement: Should high chimneys be installed in industries? Arguments: I. Yes. It reduces pollution at ground level. II. No. It increases pollution in upper atmosphere.

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I or II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

1
Pollution at ground level is the most hazardous in the way of being injurious to human and animal life. So argument I alone holds.

Q.- Statement: Should family planning be made compulsory in India? Arguments: I. Yes. Looking to the miserable conditions in India there is no other go. II. No. In India there are people of various religions and family planning is against the tenets of some o

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Both I and II are strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

3
Family planning is an essential step to curb population growth. So argument I holds strong. Also family planning being against the tenets of some of the Indian religions it is not necessary to make it compulsory. Instead it can be enforced by creating public awareness of the benefits of family planning. So argument II also holds.

Q.- Statement: Should 'computer knowledge' be made a compulsory subject for all the students at secondary school level? Arguments: I. No our need is 'bread' for everyone we cannot follow western models. II. Yes. We cannot compete in the international market w

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I or II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

2
Nowadays computers have entered all walks of life and children need to be prepared for the same. So argument II is strong. Argument I holds no relevance.

Q.- Statement: Should government jobs in rural areas have more incentives? Arguments: I. Yes. Incentives are essential for attracting government servants there. II. No. Rural areas are already cheaper healthier and less complex than big cities. So ? Why offer

    1. 1. Only argument I is strong
    2. 2. Only argument II is strong
    3. 3. Either I or II is strong
    4. 4. Neither I nor II is strong

1
Clearly government jobs in rural areas are underlined with several difficulties. In lieu of these extra incentives are needed. So only argument I holds strong.

Q.- Statement: Should all those who are found guilty of committing homicide or abetting homicide be either given capital punishment or kept in jail for the entire life? Arguments: I. Yes only such severe punishment will make people refrain from committing suc

    1. 1. If only argument I is strong
    2. 2. If only argument II is strong
    3. 3. If either I or II is strong
    4. 4. If both I and II are strong

4
I is strong because mass murderers must be treated with stringent punishment. II is also strong because it is judicious to eliminate evils not evildoers from the society.

Q.- Statement: Should there be a compulsory military training for each college student in India? Arguments: I. No this goes against the basic democratic right of an individual to choose his/her own programs. II. Yes this is the only way to build a strong and

    1. 1. If only argument I is strong
    2. 2. If only argument II is strong
    3. 3. If either I or II is strong
    4. 4. If neither I nor II is strong

1
I is strong on the basis of constitutional provisions. II is a weak argument because it is not true that only compulsory military training for each college student of a country will make it strong and powerful.

Q.- Statement: Should all the professional colleges in India be encouraged to run their own courses without affiliation to any university? Arguments: I. Yes this is only way to create more opportunities for those who seek professional training. II. No this wi

    1. 1. If only argument I is strong
    2. 2. If only argument II is strong
    3. 3. If either I or II is strong
    4. 4. If neither I nor II is strong

2
Argument I is not strong because of two reasons: (i) it is not the only way to create more opportunities for those who seek professional training; (ii) opportunity to get professional training is not enough quality of the training is equally important. Argument II is strong because chances of regarding of the standard of training can't be ruled out.

Q.- Statement: Should India become a permanent members of UN's Security Council? Arguments: I. Yes India has emerged as a country which loves peace and amity. II. No let us first solve problems of our own people like poverty malnutrition.

    1. 1. If only argument I is strong
    2. 2. If only argument II is strong
    3. 3. If either I or II is strong
    4. 4. If neither I nor II is strong

1
I is strong because it mentions the indispensable requirement in support of its claim. But II is not strong because grabbing the opportunity of being a permanent member of UN will on the contrary give a new impetus to the development work.

Q.- Statement: Should animals be killed in the name of laboratory experiment? Arguments: I. Yes they are available in abundance. II. No we have been supporting non violence on every step of our lives.

    1. 1. If only argument I is strong
    2. 2. If only argument II is strong
    3. 3. If either I or II is strong
    4. 4. If neither I nor II is strong

4
Abundance of animals does not mean that we should reduce their number. Hence I is a weak argument. II is also a weak argument because does it not depict the real picture. Are we really supporting non violence on every step of our lives? Moreover it does not go into the reason for practicing non violence.

Q.- Statement: Should India acquire/manufacture the latest nuclear weapons? Arguments: I. Yes the enemies of India are improving their weapons continuously. II. No it will be against our policy of maintaining world peace.

    1. 1. If only argument I is strong
    2. 2. If only argument II is strong
    3. 3. If either I or II is strong
    4. 4. If neither I nor II is strong

1
I is strong from the point of view of the society of the nation. II is weak because it is the use of weapons not their possession which is a threat to peace. Our policy is of no first use.

Q.- Statement: Should Hindi language be made compulsory at school level in all the states in India? Arguments: I. No students should not be forced to learn any language. II. Yes it is the national language so everybody must learn it.

    1. 1. If only argument I is strong
    2. 2. If only argument II is strong
    3. 3. If either I or II is strong
    4. 4. If neither I nor II is strong

2
I is not strong because it has nothing substantial. The use of \compulsory\ in the question itself implies \being forced\. II is strong because national language is not something to be seen as a mere token.

Q.- Statement: Should children be prevented completely from watching television? Arguments: I. No we get vital information regarding education through television. II. Yes it hampers the study of children.

    1. 1. If only argument I is strong
    2. 2. If only argument II is strong
    3. 3. If either I or II is strong
    4. 4. If neither I nor II is strong

1
Watching TV may also be a part of education. Moreover long hours of studies without entertainment may prove to be fruitless.

Q.- Statement: Should dependents of India's freedom fighters be given benefits of reservation in jobs? Arguments: I. Yes. We should keep the dependents happy as the freedom fighters have fought for a noble cause. II. No. We already have too many reservations;

    1. 1. If only argument I is strong
    2. 2. If only argument II is strong
    3. 3. If either I or II is strong
    4. 4. If neither I nor II is strong

1
I is strong because it will bolster patriotic sentiments. II is not strong because it is not necessary than an extra reservation quota be created. The new category may be adjusted within earlier limits.

Q.- Statement: Should the term of the elected members of parliament be reduced to two years in India? Arguments: I. Yes even otherwise the elections are generally held every alternate year in India. II. No every round of parliament election needs huge amount

    1. 1. If only argument I is strong
    2. 2. If only argument II is strong
    3. 3. If either I or II is strong
    4. 4. If neither I nor II is strong

2
Reducing the term is no alternative. Suppose the parliament gets dissolved every six months. Will you then say the term be reduced to six months? Clearly I is bad logic. II is strong in a country where fiscal deficit is of paramount concern.